5. Negocios seguros. Las posadas en La Habana, Cuba.

Regresan las posadas a La Habana
Cuba, hotel posada Vento

Cuba, hotel posada Vento” Note from Marcel Chin-A-Lien:
Love hotels are very common in Latin America, such as in Venezuela and Colombia.
Tal como los multiples hoteles en la Carretera Panamericana, viajando de Caracas hacia San Antonio de los Altos. El sitio idílico donde tuve la oportunidad de vivir cuando laboraba con Intevep, PDVSA
Para mencionar no mas el famoso Hotel La Orquidea.”

Alguien precisó que no había negocio más seguro que el de las funerarias y las posadas; sus razones eran obvias: la muerte y el amor son sencillamente inevitables, aunque sus diferencias sean notorias: en la primera se llora, en la segunda se goza.

Con excepción de los muy jóvenes, el resto de los cubanos recordamos algo, siquiera algo de las posadas, ya sea aquel beso inolvidable, o el llamado del posadero indicando a los amantes que su tiempo había caducado. Luego de la primera posada en la isla —Carabanchel— surgida a finales del siglo XIX y enclavada en San Miguel y Consulado, en un edificio de tres pisos, con 22 habitaciones, y apartamentos con entrada independiente desde la calle, florecieron decenas de esos establecimientos, en los cuales se cumplía siempre el mismo rito: el hombre hacía el trámite en la carpeta, y la mujer, cabizbaja, alejada, mantenía una cierta discreción.
Decenas hubo en la capital y según reportes de prensa, en 1973 eran 60, y 30 en 1989. Pero lo cierto es que a pesar de largas colas y las medidas de “camuflaje” que algunos desarrollaban para no ser sorprendidos por ojos indiscretos, siempre la gran mayoría quería —o queríamos— ir al lugar, pues allí se iba a amar. Villa Cándida, Dos Palmas, 11 y 24, La Monumental, Edén Arriba y Edén Abajo, La Campiña y otros muchos, constituían nombres que se repetían de manera furtiva las más de las veces. Funcionaban las 24 horas y todos conocían su ubicación, santo y señales, aunque de estas no se conversara con total desenfado.
No solo garantizaban un final feliz para los “entresijos” de las relaciones interpersonales, sino que constituían una opción para las parejas ante realidades que se iban acentuando en el país, especialmente la falta de vivienda, de ahí que nadie duda del beneficio de esos establecimientos, a los que incluso la tradición exigía mantenerlos.
Pero ya para la década de los 90 del pasado siglo, ante muy evidentes carencias económicas, se decidió pasar a viviendas para damnificados por huracanes a la casi totalidad de esos locales. El resto, frente a la imposibilidad del más adecuado mantenimiento constructivo, sufrió un notable deterioro y poco a poco desaparecieron de la escena nacional las posadas, o los albergues Init, como prefiera llamarlos.

Regresan las posadas a La Habana
Publicado el 3 Julio, 2017 • 12:00 por Gabino Manguela 4 Comentarios
Alguien precisó que no había negocio más seguro que el de las funerarias y las posadas; sus razones eran obvias: la muerte y el amor son sencillamente inevitables, aunque sus diferencias sean notorias: en la primera se llora, en la segunda se goza.
Regresan las posadas a La Habana
“Lo principal es demostrar que estatalmente podemos cumplir con ese propósito”, dijo Alfonso Muñoz Chang, director de la Empresa Provincial de Alojamiento de La Habana. Fotos: Agustín Borrego Torres

Con excepción de los muy jóvenes, el resto de los cubanos recordamos algo, siquiera algo de las posadas, ya sea aquel beso inolvidable, o el llamado del posadero indicando a los amantes que su tiempo había caducado. Luego de la primera posada en la isla —Carabanchel— surgida a finales del siglo XIX y enclavada en San Miguel y Consulado, en un edificio de tres pisos, con 22 habitaciones, y apartamentos con entrada independiente desde la calle, florecieron decenas de esos establecimientos, en los cuales se cumplía siempre el mismo rito: el hombre hacía el trámite en la carpeta, y la mujer, cabizbaja, alejada, mantenía una cierta discreción.
Decenas hubo en la capital y según reportes de prensa, en 1973 eran 60, y 30 en 1989. Pero lo cierto es que a pesar de largas colas y las medidas de “camuflaje” que algunos desarrollaban para no ser sorprendidos por ojos indiscretos, siempre la gran mayoría quería —o queríamos— ir al lugar, pues allí se iba a amar. Villa Cándida, Dos Palmas, 11 y 24, La Monumental, Edén Arriba y Edén Abajo, La Campiña y otros muchos, constituían nombres que se repetían de manera furtiva las más de las veces. Funcionaban las 24 horas y todos conocían su ubicación, santo y señales, aunque de estas no se conversara con total desenfado.
No solo garantizaban un final feliz para los “entresijos” de las relaciones interpersonales, sino que constituían una opción para las parejas ante realidades que se iban acentuando en el país, especialmente la falta de vivienda, de ahí que nadie duda del beneficio de esos establecimientos, a los que incluso la tradición exigía mantenerlos.
Pero ya para la década de los 90 del pasado siglo, ante muy evidentes carencias económicas, se decidió pasar a viviendas para damnificados por huracanes a la casi totalidad de esos locales. El resto, frente a la imposibilidad del más adecuado mantenimiento constructivo, sufrió un notable deterioro y poco a poco desaparecieron de la escena nacional las posadas, o los albergues Init, como prefiera llamarlos.

Entre los servicios que tendrá la posada Vento está el de restaurante, quizás uno de los elementos
que la distinguirá.

El servicio comenzará por Vento
La Empresa Provincial de Alojamiento de La Habana, a cargo de una importante red de hospedaje en 27 instalaciones diversas en la capital y donde tanto personas naturales como jurídicas pueden hoy alquilar a partir de una noche, es la entidad encargada de materializar la reapertura del servicio que anteriormente tenían las posadas: es decir, alojamiento por tres horas como mínimo.
Independientemente de las personas que tienen cuarto privado, casa propia, o pueden pagar una noche en un hotel, para el resto solo queda el hospedaje por horas, los parques, las escaleras oscuras, la playa y hasta el malecón.
“Ese es un servicio que ahora está en manos de particulares, quienes garantizan el espacio perdido por las famosas posadas. Creemos en la posibilidad real de retomarlo y desarrollarlo”, precisa Alfonso Muñoz Chang, director de la citada entidad. Por estos tiempos la pareja que allí acuda deberá pagar al dueño, como mínimo, 5 CUC o su conversión en CUP —una alta cifra para el cubano promedio— por tres horas de privacidad amorosa.
De manera general, la habitación cuenta con aire acondicionado, refrigerador, agua fría y caliente y un confort adecuado. Claro, ahí no se cuentan la cerveza a 1,20 CUC o más, el trago o botella de ron a precios estratosféricos, el llamado saladito y algún que otro aderezo para hacer más placentero el momento.
El confort, la higiene y la privacidad son fundamentales en este negocio, aseguran los arrendadores privados. Ello, sin duda, constituye un reto para el servicio estatal tanto en el precio que se establezca como el confort.
“Comenzaremos por lo que llamamos hotel Vento, enclavado en Vento y Santa Catalina, un inmueble de dos plantas con 16 habitaciones con baños y otros requerimientos técnicos, a pocos metros de donde antaño existiera, precisamente, una conocida posada o albergue Init”, informó Muñoz Chang.
“También trabajamos —agregó— en otras ideas para ampliar el servicio que iniciaremos, pues de la antigua red de posadas nos fue entregada la muy nombrada Monumental, una unidad con 20 habitaciones y parqueo para carros.
Llevamos un buen tiempo precisando esa acción y ya presentamos el proyecto, aunque el financiamiento es elevado y no pudimos incluirlo en el plan de este año. “Creemos que para el 2018 lo podamos asumir, pues existe la voluntad del gobierno en la capital para priorizar ese emblemático lugar, que no se está cayendo ni mucho menos, pero donde hay que trabajar”, dijo.
En sus palabras, el director de la Empresa Provincial indicó que la estrategia prevé —además de Vento y La Monumental— la recuperación con iguales fines de Edén Arriba y Edén Abajo, así como el hoy hotel Ocho Vías, una instalación que cumple con los requisitos indispensables para este servicio. Pensar en diversificar las opciones para el amor no es algo traído por los pelos: es una realidad que atañe a todos y que no puede convertirse en un lujo.
“Podemos hacer muchas cosas como empresa, pero otras igual de importantes no dependen de nosotros —subrayó—. Nuestro ánimo es recuperar ese demandado servicio, de gran impacto social y, sin duda, muy rentable. “Lo principal es demostrar que estatalmente podemos cumplir con ese propósito, y aunque tenemos la seguridad de salir airosos, tampoco queremos crear falsas expectativas”, concluyó.

Publicado el 3 Julio, 2017 • 12:00 por Gabino Manguela
En: Trabajadores, Organo de la central de trabajadores de Cuba.

4. Il Palio, Siena & Geology of Tuscany

4. Il Palio, Siena & Geology of Tuscany

Explorer?

A splendid and unique opportunity to explore this historic event in Siena.

As well as to study the geology of Tuscany
I wish to share it with you. Accompanied by my own pictures.

Siena - Sedimentology - Conglomerates
Siena – Sedimentology – Conglomerates and braided stream sediments on the front wall of Gift Shop 5, Artigianato Senese – ” Food ” for geologists even during Il Palio – City Centre – Close to Cattedrale di Siena and Piazza del Campo.

On your bucket list?

Immerse yourself in the Italian celebration and traditional colorful pageantry of Il Palio, Siena‘s historic barebacked horse race dating to the 12th century. Travelers venture from all over the world to witness Il Palio.

Il Palio
Il Palio – Piazza del Campo

This is Il Palio: 

” Il Palio è il Palio. Nessuna interpretazione sociologica, storica, antropologica, potrebbe spiegarlo. Sublimazione e dannazione insieme del fato di ogni singolo senese e nella sua cittadinanza. Rogo furente della senesità, in ogni caso impareggiabile conferma di essa.”

Mario Luzi, poeta, 1998  

Il Palio, Siena, Piazza
Il Palio, Siena, Piazza – Pic Mcal

The Palio di Siena known locally simply as Il Palio, is a horse race that is held twice each year, on 2 July and 16 August, in Siena, Tuscany, Italy.

This is not a mere touristic event, but a significant part of the life of the city today as it did centuries ago. Ten horses and riders, bareback and dressed in the appropriate colours, represent ten of the seventeen contrade, or city wards.

Visitors to the city can assist for free from the centre of Piazza del Campo.

We attended the Palio held on 2 July, named Palio di Provenzano, in honour of the Madonna of Provenzano, a Marian devotion particular to Siena which developed around an icon from the Terzo Camollia.

Il Palio - Siena
Il Palio – Siena

The Palio held on 16 August is named Palio dell’Assunta, in honour of the Assumption of Mary.

A pageant, the Corteo Storico, precedes the race, which attracts visitors and spectators from around the world.

The race itself, in which the jockeys ride bareback, circles the Piazza del Campo, on which a thick layer of dirt has been laid.

The race is run for three laps of the piazza and usually lasts no more than 90 seconds. It is common for a few of the jockeys to be thrown off their horses while making the treacherous turns in the piazza, and indeed, it is not unusual to see unmounted horses finishing the race without their jockeys.

The drappellone (“banner”), or palio, known affectionately as “the rag” in Siena, is the trophy that is to be delivered to the contrada that wins the Palio.

The palio is an elongated rectangular piece of silk, hand-painted by an artist for the occasion. It is held vertically on a black-and-white shaft halberd and topped by a silver plate, with two white and black plumes draped down the sides.

The palio, along with the plumes, remains the property of the contrada. The plate is returned to the city of Siena before the two Palii of the following year, after the date and the name of the victorious contrada are inscribed on its back. There is one silver platter for the Palio in July and another for the August Palio. The plates are replaced approximately every ten years.

Il Drappelone - The Banner 2018
Il Drappelone – The Banner 2018

The value of the banner is unique, because it represents a particular historical period of the city of Siena. The palii often reflect the symbols of the various governments that have presided at various times, including the crest of the grand duchy of Lorraine, the crest of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany, the crest of the Kingdom of Savoy of Italy, symbols from Fascist Italy, and most recently, imagery of the Republic.

The process that an artist should follow in designing the palio is rigid: it must follow a precise iconography that includes some sacred symbols, as the July Palio is dedicated to the Madonna of Provenzano, and that of August to the Madonna of the Assumption. It must present the insignia of the city, those of the third part of the city, and the symbols or colors of the ten contrade participating in the race. There are, however, no limits regarding the style of the art. The palio is first presented at a press conference in the courtyard of the Podestà of the City Hall about a week before the race.

Reference, our own visits to Siena, Tuscany, La Bella Italia dalla Dolce Vita, many publications on internet, books, magazines etc.
All my own photographs, exept the main, featured one.

Il Palio
Il Palio – Before the race
Il Palio - After Dinner on Piazza del Campo
Il Palio – After Dinner on Piazza del Campo

Geology of Tuscany and Siena Area.

As an explorationist one is immersed and sees and thinks about geology about everywhere. Also when visiting Siena during holidays, while driving through the scenery, on the beach and in the airplane while looking outside of the window.

Geological overview

The Northern Apennine is a fold-thrust belt built during the Tertiary by the collision between the Apulia (or Adria) microplate related to the African plate, and the Briançonnais microplate (Sardinia-Corsica block), related to the European plate.

In Tuscany there is complete outcropping of the nappe stack of the Northern Apennines. From the bottom the following are exposed:

the Tuscan Metamorphic Units, the Tuscan Nappe, the Subligurian Units, The Ligurian Units, the Epiligurian Succession, the post-orogenic sedimentary succession starting from Middle Miocene to Quaternary.

All these tectonic units are derived from the Apulia continental margin and the Tethys oceanic realm and were emplaced during Tertiary subduction and continental collision.

The geologic map reports metamorphic, sedimentary and magmatic units cropping out in Tuscany, grouped in palaeogeographic domains and in the main tectonic units.

Tuscan Domain: This domain represents the continental margin of the Apulia microplate. The respective tectonic units are both metamorphic and non-metamorphic.

a. Cervarola Unit: An Apulia-derived unit belonging to the Tuscan Domain, consisting of siliciclastic turbidite and hemipelagic deposits, deposited during shortening of the Tertiary orogenic wedge. Its age is Chattian to Langhian.
b. Tuscan Metamorphic Unit: Tectonic unit derived from severe deformation and metamorphism of part of the Apulia microplate. It is exposed in core complexes and small outcrops in northern and southern Tuscany. They consist of an Hercynian basement (Cambrian? to Devonian), a meta-siliciclastic post-Hercynian succession (late Visean-Permian), a meta-siliciclastic-carbonate Group (middle-late Triassic) and an upper carbonate-siliciclastic succession (late Triassic -? earliest Miocene).
c. Tuscan Nappe: Tectonic unit derived from the Apulia microplate. It is non-or only slightly metamorphosed; internal thrusting and large-scale folds are only locally developed. The age of its deposits (dolostones, limestones, shales and turbiditic sandstones) span from the late Triassic to the earliest Miocene.
d. Pseudoverrucano Unit: A tectonic unit cropping out in southwestern Tuscany only, whose original paleogeographic domain, internal stratigraphy and evolution is still a matter of debate. We favor the interpretation that it originated from the innermost portion of the Tuscan Domain. It is composed of a great variety of lithologies, Triassic to Eocene in age.

Geologic cross section across Tuscany – very interesting.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17445647.2013.820154

Carta Geologica della Toscana – Geological Map of Tuscany (Italy)

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/suppl/10.1080/17445647.2013.820154/suppl_file/tjom_a_820154_sm5045.pdf

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

3. Exhilarating Morgan AR Plus 4 in Leiden

Morgan AR Plus 4 - Leiden, the Netherlands
Morgan AR Plus 4 – Leiden, my Alma Mater, the Netherlands

A really exhilarating Morgan AR P4.
Leiden, (Rapenburg, Nonnenbrug), (one of) my Alma Mater(s), the Netherlands.
Foto: Marcel Chin-A-Lien

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Leiden:
A university city since 1575, Leiden houses Leiden University, the oldest university of the Netherlands, and Leiden University Medical Center. Leiden is a city with a rich cultural heritage, not only in science, but also in the arts. One of the world’s most famous painters, Rembrandt, was born and educated in Leiden. Other famous Leiden painters include Lucas van Leyden, Jan van Goyen and Jan van Steen. The city has been one of Europe’s most prominent scientific centres for more than four centuries. Modern scientific medical research and teaching started in the early 18th century in Leiden with Boerhaave. Many important scientific discoveries have been made here, giving rise to Leiden’s motto: ‘City of Discoveries’.

Leiden University is one of Europe’s top universities, it boasts thirteen Nobel Prize winners, it is a member of the League of European Research Universities and positioned highly in all international academic rankings. It is twinned with Oxford, the location of the United Kingdom’s oldest university. Leiden University and Leiden University of Applied Sciences (Leidse Hogeschool) together have around 35,000 students. Leiden is a typical university city, university buildings are scattered throughout the city and the many students from all over the world give the city a bustling, vivid and international atmosphere.
From: en.m.wikipedia.org

Morgan ARP 4:

• Limited run of 50 cars, developed by Morgan’s motorsport division, AR Motorsport
• Extensive list of standard speci cations offered with this car
• Powered by a Cosworth 2.0 litre 225bhp engine
• 65 years of the Morgan Plus 4
• Being launched at Silverstone Classic 2015

In this, the 65th year of Plus 4 production, Morgan are pleased to announce the AR P4. Since 1950, the exhilarating Morgan +4 has been the mainstay of Morgan production and to celebrate this, a strictly limited run of 50 will be built. Each hand assembled and tuned by Morgan’s experienced AR Motorsport technicians. With enhanced on-road performance and driver comfort in mind, each car embraces a powerful Cosworth two litre engine, new interior and an extended list of standard features.

Performance:
2.0 LITRE COSWORTH ENGINE
A special car requires a special engine, one that has been developed to give drivers the ultimate driving experience. Cosworth, famous for over 50 years of racing success at all levels, provide their 2.0 litre engine for the ARP4. Developing 225bhp, the ARP4 is the most powerful production Plus 4 ever built.

The ARP4 would not belong to the AR Motorsport family if it did not offer significantly more performance than a standard Morgan. As such, a large range of upgrades compliment the 225bhp Cosworth 2.0 litre. Each one of the 50 cars will be setup by an AR Motorsport race technician, ensuring that the investment in performance parts for each vehicle is transformed into a more capable and exhilarating car both on road and track. Further changes over the standard Plus 4 include an all-new suspension, the addition of adjustable shock absorbers, a new braking system, a different axle ratio and a revised chassis.

Styling:
Aesthetically the AR P4 pushes the boundaries of the traditional Classic. The initial brief; to create a sports car that positions performance, experience and driver convenience above all else. The challenge for the styling being; to echo the suggestion of modern performance and function but maintain the appeals of on-road classic motoring. The ARP4 achieves this by sticking to the use of Morgan’s core materials; Handcrafted Ash wood, aluminium and leather. However, by altering the mix of how these are applied gives an entirely new and exciting impression. Aluminium panels are left untrimmed and exposed adding to the sense of lightweight performance, whilst rich Box weave carpets celebrate the leather and reintroduce comfort, detail and luxury. Contrasting colours selected from the AR motorsport brand pantones, provide a striking and modern visual, whilst high levels of detailing ensure the result isn’t brash. In answer to the initial brief; the ARP4’s really is form follows function.

Comfort and Usability
Of paramount importance when undertaking the ARP4 project was to ensure that it not only performs exceptionally, but is also useable. As such, the ARP4 has received signi cant changes over standard production Morgans. Soundproo ng in the hood and throughout the body ensures a reduction in road and wind noise and an improvement in NVH. A redesigned dashboard distinguishes the car and also offers improved usability for the driver. LED lights all round offer better road visibility, ensuring the ARP4 is further suited for long distance touring.

From: www.morgan-motor.co.uk

1. Korsou, mi Dushi Korsou

Dushi Korsou - Caracas baai - MCAL picture
Dushi Korsou – Curaçao – Caracas baai – MCAL picture

Explorers ? Discover my “Island in the Sun “.
You are all most welcome, to share and to dream away in this paradise on earth.

This is my island in the sun
Where my people have toiled since time begun
I may sail on many a sea
Her shores will always be home to me

Oh, island in the sun
Willed to me by my father’s hand
All my days I will sing in praise
Of your forest, waters,
Your shining sand

As morning breaks
The heaven on high
I lift my heavy load to the sky
Sun comes down with a burning glow
Mingles my sweat with the earth below

Oh….etc. etc. etc. – Iconic song of Harry Belafonte

My own hand-made picture @ Caracas Baai

Dushi Curacao, Lindo y Querido
Si muero lejos de ti
Que digan que estoy dormido
Y que me traigan aqui………

” Jorge Negrete ”

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

2. Morgan in Leiden

Morgan, Leiden
Morgan, Leiden

Exhilarating Morgan.

In my Alma Mater Leiden, Academia Lugduno Batava, Libertatis Praesidium, the Netherlands.

Place: Nonnenbrug, Academiegebouw, Barrera , Lugdunum Batavorum, Leiden.
This is my own picture.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Morgan?

Founded in 1909, Morgan cars have achieved fame throughout the world due to their unique blend of charisma, craftsmanship and performance. The Morgan Motor Company has evolved over 100 years into a true icon, a darling of the automotive industry and a brand synonymous with unrivaled excitement. Today, the ethos remains unchanged with a dedication to traditional craftsmanship and bespoke manufacturing. The Morgan adventure starts long before your rst exhilarating drive. Morgan tailors every car to align with the customers personal vision. With in nite combinations of paint, leather and a vast array of detail choices, no two Morgans are ever alike.
www.morgan-motor.co.uk

Enjoy.
Prettige dag, salu2, greetings, salut, ciao, até logo, до свидания, odi odi, tan bun allamala, tur kon bon tur mi hendenan, ajooo

4. An exhilarating Morgan in Leiden, the Netherlands

3. A really exhilarating Morgan ARP 4.
Leiden (Rapenburg, Nonnenbrug, in front of the historic University Academie building), my Alma Mater in the Netherlands.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Leiden, the Netherlands:

A university city since 1575, Leiden houses Leiden University, the oldest university of the Netherlands, and Leiden University Medical Center. Leiden is a city with a rich cultural heritage, not only in science, but also in the arts. One of the world’s most famous painters, Rembrandt, was born and educated in Leiden. Other famous Leiden painters include Lucas van Leyden, Jan van Goyen and Jan van Steen. The city has been one of Europe’s most prominent scientific centres for more than four centuries. Modern scientific medical research and teaching started in the early 18th century in Leiden with Boerhaave. Many important scientific discoveries have been made here, giving rise to Leiden’s motto: ‘City of Discoveries’.

Leiden University is one of Europe’s top universities, it boasts thirteen Nobel Prize winners, it is a member of the League of European Research Universities and positioned highly in all international academic rankings. It is twinned with Oxford, the location of the United Kingdom’s oldest university. Leiden University and Leiden University of Applied Sciences (Leidse Hogeschool) together have around 35,000 students. Leiden is a typical university city, university buildings are scattered throughout the city and the many students from all over the world give the city a bustling, vivid and international atmosphere.
From: en.m.wikipedia.org

Morgan ARP 4:

In this, the 65th year of Plus 4 production, Morgan are pleased to announce the AR P4. Since 1950, the exhilarating Morgan +4 has been the mainstay of Morgan production and to celebrate this, a strictly limited run of 50 will be built. Each hand assembled and tuned by Morgan’s experienced AR Motorsport technicians. With enhanced on-road performance and driver comfort in mind, each car embraces a powerful Cosworth two litre engine, new interior and an extended list of standard features.

2.0 LITRE COSWORTH ENGINE
A special car requires a special engine, one that has been developed to give drivers the ultimate driving experience. Cosworth, famous for over 50 years of racing success at all levels, provide their 2.0 litre engine for the ARP4. Developing 225bhp, the ARP4 is the most powerful production Plus 4 ever built.

Text: www.morgan-motor.co.uk.

2. Morgan in Leiden, the Netherlands

The Morgan Motor Company Ltd. was established in 1909 by H.F.S. Morgan with the design of the Morgan three-wheeler. A four-wheeled model began production in 1936, and Morgan cars have long become famous the world over for their unique blend of charisma, quality materials, craftsmanship and performance.

The ethos at Morgan remains unchanged: all our cars are coach built and subjected to continual development in order to meet current standards of safety and to offer the responsive thoroughbred performance with which our name is associated. The development of our model-range has taken the marque into the 21st Century, and today Morgan builds in excess of 1300 cars per year. The Aero 8, a major achievement for a small Company, was launched in 2000, and continual evolution of the Aero Range has seen the 8 joined by the dramatic Aero SuperSports and its fixed-head sibling, the Aero Coupe. In 2011 we re-launched the Morgan 3 Wheeler, a modern interpretation of H.F.S. Morgan’s classic design. Our ‘Classic’ range continues to be our flagship vehicle – with models including the 4/4, the world’s longest-running production vehicle, and engine sizes ranging from 1600cc to 4800cc, these famous icons are the models perhaps most associated with Morgan.

Morgan is extremely proud of its heritage. We have established ourselves as a manufacturer synonymous with pure excellence, reinforced over time by our adherence to superior principles, higher standards and the best craftsmanship. Leading design capability, an extensive array of luxurious materials and the latest drive-train technologies combine to create an unparalleled driving experience.

The family atmosphere at our factory in the beautiful spa town of Malvern, Worcestershire, is one we cordially extend to our customers. Prospective owners are encouraged to visit us to watch their car being built and to choose from our wide paint and leather-trim ranges, along with the optional extras that will stamp their own individuality upon their Morgan; whether it be the lively ‘Classic’ range sports car, the extravagant high performance ‘Aero’ supercar or the truly unique Morgan 3 Wheeler, every last detail of a Morgan is tailored to the customer’s specification.

We invite everyone to witness the charms and the technology for themselves at our on site visitor centre

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