France to ban all new oil and gas exploration in renewable energy drive.
‘Ecological transition’ minister says law will be passed later this year.
The minister, previously famed in France for his environmental activism and nature documentaries, also outlined proposals to increase the taxation on diesel and to “make decisions faster” to curtail pollution.
Mr Macron said he was opposed to exploration for gas and favoured a ban on fracking during his election campaign, particularly in the overseas territory of French Guiana.
But Mr Hulot was among those warning that any ban would trigger lawsuits from energy companies and saying change must be imposed gradually.
Around 75 per cent of France’s electricity is currently provided by nuclear power stations, with the industry employing around 200,000 people and led by state-owned EDF.
A law was passed last year to reduce the nuclear proportion to 50 per cent by 2025, sparking controversy over potential job losses and the closure of up to 20 reactors.
Mr Macron reinstated his commitment to the law last month but has evaded concrete targets for the ultimate aim of making France run completely on renewable energy.
The President is also planning a huge renovation programme for French homes to reduce energy consumption, cut carbon dioxide emissions, reduce energy poverty and create jobs.
He and Mr Hulot discussed renewable energy schemes and global warming with Arnold Schwarzenegger, the actor and former Governor of California, as part of his trip to France on Friday.
Mr Schwarzenegger said he was honoured to speak to Mr Macron and ministers about “how we can work together for a clean energy future” and was seen posing with a T-shirt reading “Make Our Planet Great Again” with Mr Hulot.
The Hollywood star has publicly sparred with Donald Trump, a fellow Republican and Apprentice host over climate change and the President’s decision to withdraw the US from the historic Paris accords.
France was among the countries heavily criticising the decision, with the government posting an annotated White House video on social media refuting the President’s claims that the agreement was a “bad deal” for the US.
Lizzie Dearden @lizziedearden Saturday 24 June 2017 11:42 BST101 comments
What Guyana needs to know about ExxonMobil – Part 4: ExxonMobil shows two faces to investors, partners
In one way or the other, Guyana has certainly paid the price for its ignorance.
It has paid the price for its failure to conduct due diligence on several companies, for its failure to monitor the operations of entities; for its failure to craft air-tight contracts/agreements which can safeguard the nation against the abusive and greedy nature of some mega-corporations. It has paid for failing to learn from the mistakes of other nations.
With such a wealth of experience in making all the wrong moves for one reason or the other, Guyanese are in their right to ask themselves a most salient question when facing an oil giant like ExxonMobil: CAN THEY BE TRUSTED?
In recent weeks, Kaieteur News embarked on a series of articles which served to enlighten the citizenry on all they need to know about a company with which Guyana is going to sign a life changing contract.
Through detailed research, this publication has presented the facts on how ExxonMobil seems to have a pattern of entering weak nations with non-transparent governments.
All are rich in oil but their people are still no better off today. It was also exposed how ExxonMobil has a history of underpaying royalties in territories it operates. Its own mother country, the United States, was no exception from this type of behaviour.
In this installment Kaieteur News will show how ExxonMobil is now facing several lawsuits, including one for allegedly deceiving its shareholders in the US.
According to www.theguardian.com, (https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/may/31/exxonmobil-climate-change-cost-shareholders )
ExxonMobil was forced to be more frank with its shareholders regarding the effect climate change will have on the operations and profitability of the company.
The report by the Guardian notes that Climate Change poses a real threat to the sustainability and the manner in which ExxonMobil will continue to operate its business in the future. Climate Change, the article notes, is a “material financial threat” for ExxonMobil.
But that is not all. ExxonMobil is currently under investigation by the Offices of the New York Attorney General and Massachusetts for being deceitful about climate change, something the company, of course, has denied.
According to the www.nytimes.com, (https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/06/science/exxon-mobil-under-investigation-in-new-york-over-climate-statements.html) , an investigation is being carried out to determine whether the company has been truthful to the public on the issue of climate change or if it deceived its investors about the impact the challenging issue can have on the business.
Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman issued a subpoena to Exxon Mobil, for extensive financial records, emails and other documents that would be helpful to the investigation, the NY Times reported.
The media outlet said, “The investigation focuses on whether statements the company made to investors about climate risks as recently as this year were consistent with the company’s own long-running scientific research.”
“The inquiry would include a period of at least a decade during which ExxonMobil funded outside groups that sought to undermine climate science, even as its in-house scientists were outlining the potential consequences — and uncertainties — to company executives.”
In short, ExxonMobil was actually paying lobbyists to deny the impact of climate change.
ExxonMobil has been accused over the years of funding certain groups and government officials/parties to promote disinformation about the effects of climate change. It has of course denied this to the end, but the media reports on this matter are overwhelming.
The Guardian (www.theguardian.com) is just one media site which has placed this issue in the spotlight. The news entity has reported that ExxonMobil has been funding anti-climate groups such as the American Legislative Exchange Council (Alec). It based this conclusion on tax records. (https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jul/15/exxon-mobil-gave-millions-climate-denying-lawmakers)
In addition to the aforementioned, civil proceedings have been filed against ExxonMobil by some of its own shareholders who feel deceived by the company regarding the truth about climate change and the toll it will take on the business’s fortunes as most nations are being encouraged to move in the direction of cleaner sources of energy.
According to www.insideclimatenews.org. (https://insideclimatenews.org/news/18112016/exxon-climate-change-research-oil-reserves-stranded-assets-lawsuit), the deception by ExxonMobil led to the investors paying inflated prices for Exxon stock and subjected them to financial losses because the company knew the value of its oil reserves was less than what it was telling investors. This was also noted in the lawsuit which was filed in a Texas federal court this year. (see link for full lawsuit: https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/3215695-Class-Action-Exxon-Complaint.html) .
In the court action, the plaintiff is calling for compensation for all damages sustained as a result of the defendant’s wrongdoing, in an amount to be proven at trial, including interest thereon.
The plaintiff is of the firm belief that, “During the Class Period, as detailed herein, Defendants made false and misleading statements and engaged in a scheme to deceive the market and a course of conduct that artificially inflated the price of Exxon common stock and operated as a fraud or deceit on Class Period purchasers of Exxon common stock by misrepresenting the value of the Company’s business and prospects by overstating its earnings and concealing the significant defects in its internal controls.”
The lawsuit goes on to state, “As Defendants’ misrepresentations and fraudulent conduct became apparent to the market, the price of Exxon common stock fell precipitously, as the prior artificial inflation came out of the price. As a result of their purchases of Exxon common stock during the Class Period, plaintiff and other members of the class suffered economic loss, i.e, damages, under the Federal Securities Laws.”
Adding to ExxonMobil’s climate change woes, is the fact that even the Security Exchange Council (SEC) has also launched an investigation in an effort to ascertain if the oil king has been completely honest with investors about climate risks and accounting issues concerning its reserves.
With the aforementioned in mind, it would not be irrational for Guyanese to urge Government officials to be wary of the nature of the oil king it is dealing with and to act cautiously.
It would not be unreasonable for Guyanese to urge the Government to monitor the operations of the entity; to craft an air-tight contract/agreement that will safeguard the nation against the abusive and greedy nature of this mega-corporation.
It would not be unreasonable to call on the Government to learn from the painful and irreversible mistakes made by other nations.
Failure to do so, would surely lead the nation into a position where 10 years later, it would be worse off than it is today.
From: www.kaieteurnewsonline.com – June 28th – 12:55 AM
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The Liza Phase 1 development continues to rapidly progress, with the commencement of development drilling offshore Guyana.
Development drilling began in May for the first of 17 wells planned for Phase 1, laying the foundation for production startup in 2020.
Liza Phase 1 is expected to generate over $7 billion in royalty and profit oil revenues for Guyana over the life of the project. Additional benefits will accrue from other development projects now being planned.
Liza Phase 1 involves the conversion of an oil tanker into a floating, production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel named Liza Destiny, along with four undersea drill centers with 17 production wells. Construction of the FPSO and subsea equipment is under way in more than a dozen countries.
“The Longtail discovery is in close proximity to the Turbot discovery southeast of the Liza field,” said Steve Greenlee, president of ExxonMobil Exploration Company. “Longtail drilling results are under evaluation. However, the combined estimated recoverable resources of Turbot and Longtail will exceed 500 million barrels of oil equivalent, and will contribute to the evaluation of development options in this eastern portion of the block.”
The release said that ExxonMobil is currently making plans to add a second exploration vessel offshore Guyana in addition to the Stena Carron drillship, bringing its total number of drillships on the Stabroek Block to three. The new vessel will operate in parallel to the Stena Carron to explore the block’s numerous high-value prospects.
The release said that the Noble Bob Douglas is completing initial stages of development drilling for Liza Phase 1, for which ExxonMobil announced a funding decision in 2017.
Phase 1 will comprise 17 wells connected to a floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel designed to produce up to 120,000 barrels of oil per day.
First oil is expected in early 2020. Phase 2 concepts are similar to Phase 1 and involve a second FPSO with production capacity of 220,000 barrels per day. A third development, Payara, is planned to follow Liza Phase 2.
500,000 bpd forecast based on production from Liza, Payara and Pacora.
Oil production forecast 500,000 + bbls/day.
Oil production in Guyana is expected to surpass the 500,000 barrels per day mark by the end of the next decade based on production from several offshore developments.
OilNOW recently sat down with ExxonMobil Guyana’s Senior Director, Public and Government Affairs, Kimberly Brasington for an outline of what that projection is based on, and this is what she had to say;
2) ExxonMobil makes FID on Liza development offshore Guyana HOUSTON, June 16, 06/16/2017, By OGJ editors
ExxonMobil Corp. has made a final investment decision on the first phase of development for Liza field 190 km offshore Guyana.
The company also reported results from the Liza-4 well, which the firm said encountered more than 197 ft of high-quality, oil-bearing sandstone reservoirs and will underpin a potential Liza Phase 2 development.
Gross recoverable resources for the 6-million-acre Stabroek block are now estimated at 2-2.5 billion boe, including Liza and the Liza Deep, Payara, and Snoek exploration wells (OGJ Online, Mar. 30, 2017).
The Liza Phase 1 development includes a subsea production system and a floating production, storage, and offloading vessel designed to produce as much as 120,000 b/d of oil. The FPSO contract was let to SBM Offshore NV late last year (OGJ Online, Dec. 20, 2016).
Liza field lies in 1,500-1,900 m of water. Four drill centers are envisioned with a total of 17 wells, including 8 production wells, 6 water-injection wells, and 3 gas-injection wells.
ExxonMobil last month let an engineering, procurement, construction, and installation contract to Saipem SPA for work on risers, flow lines, and associated structures and jumpers (OGJ Online, May 10, 2017). The contract also includes transportation and installation of umbilicals, manifolds, and foundations for production as well as water and gas injection systems.
Production is expected to begin by 2020, less than 5 years after discovery of the field. Phase 1 is expected to cost just more than $4.4 billion, which includes a lease capitalization cost of $1.2 billion for the FPSO facility, and will develop 450 million bbl of oil.
ExxonMobil submitted an application for a production license and its initial development plan for Liza field in early December. The development has received regulatory approval from the government of Guyana.
Esso Exploration & Production Guyana Ltd. is operator with 45% interest. Hess Guyana Exploration Ltd. has 30% and CNOOC Nexen Petroleum Guyana Ltd. 25%. Esso E&P Guyana also operates Canje and Kaieteur blocks offshore Guyana.
Drilling of the Payara-2 well on Stabroek is expected to commence in late June and will also test a deeper prospect underlying the Payara oil discovery.