35. Curaçao Seroe Domi Fm. – Reservoir Analog Perla Giant Field

35. Curaçao Seroe Domi Fm. – Reservoir Analog Perla Giant Field 

Curaçao - Cero Mansinga - Seroe Domi Fm on Basement
Curaçao – Cero Mansinga – Seroe Domi Fm on Basement – My own pic.

Contents (12):

1  Introduction

2  Intermezzo.  Analogs, home-made.

3  Perla reservoir carbonates

4  Korsou wishful thinking

5  Island in the sun

6  Cerro Mansinga – Seroe Domi Fm. & Basement: Perla analog

7  Caracas Baai – Seroe Domi Fm.& Basement: Perla analog

8  Curacao Stratigraphic Column

9  Venezuela Onshore Analogs of Offshore Perla Field ?

10 Kinematic reconstruction of the Caribbean region since the Early Jurassic

11 Major Hydrocarbon Plays in the Caribbean and Northern South America

12  Basement of Aruba and Curacao

13  El último Romántico – Doble RR – Video & prcious son

14. Paraguaná – Geology – Datapack pdf.

15. Aruba, Well Bon Bini. Dry Hole ?

 

  1. Introduction

The Perla giant gasfield in Venezuela, Paraguaná, contains 17 TCF of gas and condensate (OHIP > 2000 MBOE).

It is the largest offshore gas field in Latin America. A world-class supergiant discovery.

Perla-1X discovery well in 2009 encountered a 240 m (775 ft) hydrocarbon column. Production testing yielded high quality gas, with a capacity of 600,000 cu m/d (circa 3,700 boe/d) and 500 b/d of condensate.

Curacao and especially Aruba are located near to the giant Perla gas field and are an integral part of the Falcon-Bonaire Basin.

Analog of the Perla field reservoirs (carbonate platform with isolated islands) is the Seroe Domi Formation on Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. They are of the same Neogene (Oligo-Miocene) age.

The Seroe Domi Fm. carbonates are part of the same large carbonate platform and ramp geologic setting of the Perla reservoirs. This based on their paleogeographic position when they were formed, in Oligo-Miocene time within the Falcon-Bonaire basin.

Seroe Domi Fm. could also be present offshore, such as near and in the deep basin north of Curacao. Where it could be prospective for hydrocarbons. Similar to Perla Field.

Seroe Domi Fm. has abundant outcrops on Curaçao where it is up to 350 meters thick.

Seroe Domi seen from our room - a Post-Impressionism view
Seroe Domi as seen from our room, at home. A real dushi Curaçao, sweeping Impressionism view. Own picture of my beau motif. Sè swa. Seroe Domi ? In fine arts impressionism painting ? For myself ? Also a  striking analog with Paul Cézanne’s beau motif, Mont Sainte-Victoire. So often painted from his house and art studio in France, Provence, Les Lauves. Even so located at the foothill of his beau motif. Inserted in the upper right hand corner of the photo collage.

2. Intermezzo. My two “ beau motifs “. Seroe Domi and Montagne Sainte-Victoire.

Seroe Domi itself is a small, lovely nostalgic hill located next to our parents house, kneeled at its foothills. A site where we were priviliged to grow up. Our extended garden and playground, where we indulged much time recreating, strolling and crawling. With my brothers, cousins, extended family, friends, the whole crew.

It exercises a commanding presence over the area around it.

A really awesome 360 degrees view of the Curacao landscape, when sitting on the top, with the trade winds graciously blowing through your sleek hairs and around your face.

The site of my first geological discovery trips, where I got infused by the ” geology & geo-mania ” exploration virus. Inescapably struck by all the interesting corals and fossils that I could admire while swimming in our stunning beaches and in the nice caves where we played. ” How the heck come that I can find the same corals of the beach up here on this hill. Who did this and how, I thought ?”

Our stage play as little bandits and outlaws, just as in Bonanza, the black & white classic western tv series en vogue. Discoverers or even autochthonous Arawak indians fighting and repelling the intruding malevolent Dutch pirates. While on our Seroe Domi.

Looking out from our boys room at home, such as now when visiting my dearest 100+ years mother, the Seroe Domi still is our lifetime best friend and twin companion.

Our hill therefore occupies a prime place in my memory lane. A role analogous to the Montagne Sainte-Victoire to Paul Cézanne in Provence, France. His preferred “ beau motif ” so often painted straight from his art studio and house. The famous French post-impressionism artist, of whom I became a big fan.

Seroe Domi “ Beau Motif “.

Miocene limestone Seroe Domi & Jurassic limestone Mont Sainte-Victoire. Both are both carbonate platform and impressionism beau motif analogs. United in my geo-mind ? Grown up in the geological and artistic setting of two famous analogs.

The geologic habitat of my parents home ?

Similar to the habitat of Perla giant field ? Also an analog?

Standing on basement (Curacao Lava Formation: Cretaceous volcanic rocks, diabaas or pillow lava basalts; see Annex 1). Invisibly (…only visible for geologists though…) followed by some 65 million years of geologic history. Not represented by any rocks, on this particular spot (eroded?). Unconformable overlain by our beloved Miocene Seroe Domi formation.

Where ?

This regional unconformity (Venezuela, Antilles etc.), juxtaposing the 2 formations, is located at 2 minutes walking from home. Situated exactly where the pole without the precious streetname, “Gouverneur van Lansbergenweg”, is located.

Please note that many poles with ” street names ” in my little paradise still suffer from severe dementia and/or Alzheimer. Sorry about that. Who knows the proceeds of a Perla-like discovery offshore Curacao could help to resolve this little problem. For this moment use your updated world Garmin Navigator.

Gouverneur van Landsbergweg - Location unconformity Cretaceous Diabaas Basement overlain by Neogene Carbonate Seroe Domi Formation.
Gouverneur van Landsbergweg – Location unconformity Cretaceous Diabaas Basement overlain by Neogene Carbonate Seroe Domi Formation: this is what the name plate in fact should indicate, for a geologist.

Further.

3. Perla reservoir carbonates

On a larger macro scale the basins that surround Curacao, Aruba and Bonaire in fact were part of the greater Falcon-Bonaire Basin.

Thicknes & Geographical Extension Perla Reservoir and Giant Carbonate Platform - D. Pinto, 2016, LinkedIn.
Thicknes & Geographical Extension Perla Reservoir and Giant Carbonate Platform – D. Pinto, 2016, LinkedIn. –

Note the regional extension of very thick Perla Limestone reservoir rocks (up to 2400 ft/ 800 m. thick). They extend and thicken to the north and east. The Seroe Domi Fm. on Curaçao (Aruba, Bonaire) is part of the ” Main Carbonate Platform/Ramp with Paleohighs Setting ” of the Perla Giant Field reservoir rocks. Aruba is located in the NE corner of the map. Curaçao is located farther east.

Aruba has limestones equivalent to the Miocene shallow water Cauderalito member of Falcon Basin (central and western parts), Venezuela. This bioclastic limestone, up to 500 ft thick and deposited unconformable on the basement, is the lowermost Miocene horizon of the Agua Clara formation

The upper Agua Clara member is the source rock that has generated the oil discovered in offshore La Vela Bay, Venezuela. It is a thick, dark grey shallow neritic shale with oil prone kerogen.

Another source rock exists in Falcon basin (northeast part), of the same age (“twin brother or sister”) as the upper Agua Clara member in Central Falcon. The Aguide shales and marls of the San Lorenzo formation (Lower Miocene, part of the Agua Salada Group). These are all impregnated with petroleum, even the shells of the foraminifera.

In Perla gas field geochemical analysis show that most of the gas was of thermogenic and probably sourced by Early Tertiary rocks from the west flanking deep Urumaco trough and its petroleum kitchen.

La Vela Bay is an offshore extension of the Falcon Basin. La Vela Bay is separated by a main fault from Paraguana positive area, that was source of clastic sediments. An exploration program of 13 wells, started in 1966 resulted in 5 discoveries. Three oil producers (nr. 2,5,13), one gas producer (nr. 12) and one oil and gas producer from two different zones (nr. 4).

Falcon onshore has a proven petroleum habitat with a lot of producing oil wells and oil seeps (such as Mene de Acosta).

In La Vela Bay the Miocene lies unconformable (regional Caribbean platform unconformity) on Cretaceous basement (phyllite and gneis) or on continental red beds of suspected Oligocene age (E.Vasquez, WPC-16217,1975). Analogous to Curacao.

Perla look-alike leads, prospects and fields could be present in offshore basin(s) surrounding Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. These cover some 3000 km2. It is an extensional basin with a sea depth of max. 6560 ft, where a very thick pile of some 23,000 ft. of Tertiary sediments was deposited.

4. Korsou Whishful Thinking

They are patiently waiting, since Curaçao was discovered by Alonso de Ojeda in 1498, specifically for catalysts? The leads, prospects and possible giant fields? Such as for interested foreign oil firms with clever, smart and creative explorationists that dare to imagine, entrepreneurs and bold investors. To be unveiled, exploited and capitalised.

Curaçao policy makers and organisations responsible for promoting and executing petroleum exploration activities unfortunately have a decades standing proven blindness, deafness, paralysis and inertia for this most important subject. In a “deep sleeping and relax” mode, as the sleeping beauty in the fairy tale of Grimm.

So far, even though secretive and not transparent, they have convincingly demonstrated to completely lack the required knowledge, vision, awareness, sensibility, stamina and passion. To pro-actively incorporate exploration for these precious and most valuable offshore natural resources supplied by Mother Nature. As an integral part of their sacred country mission, strategy and realistic short term government plans.

This to generate substantial, sustained and strategic value with high additional state income raising the quality and living standard for all.

Such as to eradicate the still so large group of poor people and impoverished areas that abound all around on my little native paradise in the pristine, emerald blue caribbean sea.

Imagine how tremendously positive the impact of a 17 TCF  (17 trillion cubic feet) Perla-like discovery could be for the 150,000 Curaçao inhabitants ?

The best well flowed 68 million scf/d of gas and 1,350 bpd of condensates.

Daily production of 34 million m3/d (1,200 MMcf/d) of gas, as in Perla.

Would represent 22 million US$/day, thus 8 billion US$/year of petroleum generated gross revenue.

Some 3X present GDP !

As reference, present day gasprice for households in the Netherlands is 0.65 € per cubic meter. Bro & sisa, what a could-be hugh cake and present, from dear Mother Nature. Sè swa.

Curaçao GDP (PPP) is $ 3.1 billion @ 2012 (est.), World Rank 188 (CIA Factbook, Feb. 2018). Industry sector contributes with a very meager 15,5 % to GDP.

” And the vision in my mind. Still remains. Within the Sounds of Silence “.

” Petroleum is always first found in the mind, educated guess and imagination of a creative and bold petroleum geologist ”

It is sometimes more so a colourful (caribbean carnavalesque, grotesque and burlesque though; utterly disgusting for an explorationist) issue during election time. For populists trying to  gain votes.

When one could admire 2 political candidates on tv. One most joyously and enthousiastically waving with unidentified petroleum-related maps (?). To vaguely and misteriously ” discuss ” on petroleum potential items ?

Yeahhh…

Mainly to quarrel about a petroleum potential ” study ” made, but never read or properly understood. That surprisingly was lost and findless in all the archives of all those involved in the heated discussions.

By the way, it is is just a click away, each and anyone can freely see and access it on internet (attached below – Video dr. P. Mann). Sè swa.

These natural petroleum resources can catapult a country into a very prosperous oil boom. Multiplying it’s GDP, substantially elevating and ameliorating poverty, raising the standard and quality of life in the country.

Guyana, presently with the recent offshore discoveries of the giant fields that contain some 4 billion barrels reserves of light, excellent quality petroleum. Propelling an unprecedented black gold rush with sustained prosperity and substantial income. Amounting to over 10 billion US$, already from 2020 on with unrivalled Guyana Basin production of 100,000 – 200,000 barrels offshore. Mind you, this is just the beginning of their petroleum love story.

Suriname soon to follow with offshore discoveries in the same prolific Guiana-Suriname petroleum basin.

Ghana since a decade with prolific petroleum production and income from the Jubilee giant oil field discovery.

Annual 2017 GDP growth rate of 17% in the Industry sector. The Mining & Petroleum sub-sector with a growth rate of 47%. Ghana is receiving some 1 billion US$ petroleum revenue per year.

Aruba is on the right track for petroleum exploration and production. With a clear vision, mission, dedication and tenacity since 4 decades. Fortunately.

Spud date is 11th June 2018. The well of Repsol & Partners, offshore Aruba. Repsol contracted Seadrill drillship West Capelia for one exploration well term. A 6th generation ultra-deep drillship of Samsung design, built by Samsung Heavy Industries in 2008.

Aruba will find their own Perla Arubiano giant gas field, hopefully. They fully deserve it after chasing it for so long.  Fingers crossed, lots of success and petroleum generated prosperity.

My Dushi Curaçao ???

Poised to realise at some point in time (…if ever) that they have completely missed both train and boat. Failing to capitalise and monetise these possible natural treasures in its subsurface.

Realising in retrospect that there were most valuable and accessible resources in their subsurface available. Forever stranded. Worth many, many, double digits billions of US$.

Afterwards.

When the transforming world has fully reached the now fast developing Paris Accord 2015 stage and objective that aims mainly the use of other types of clean energy.

Bonaire vs. Falcon-Bonaire Basin petroleum exploration ?

Same story. Never occurred yet to any policymaker or influencer on Bonaire. To promote chasing petroleum natural resources. As a means to drastically raise the living standard. As far as I can track.

Most fortunately !

” Wat niet weet, wat niet deert “

” It is innocence when it charms us. Ignorance when it does not “.

Ajo, bye bye.

Amen & A breathtaking Italian Carrara Marble Cross & R.I.P. Exploration.

To be included in the history books, forever.

” Curacao and The Risk of Doing Nothing

I’m forever blowing bubbles,

Pretty bubbles in the air,

They fly so high, nearly reach the sky,

Then like my dreams they fade and die

John Kellette, Jaan Kenbrovin 1918 “

Please turn this void page to the next exciting chapter.

“But the vision in my mind. Still remains.

Within the Sound of Silence”.

” All-in-1 Consultant, Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me>

marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

5. Island in the sun

6. Cerro Mansinga – Seroe Domi Fm.& Basement. Perla analog

Seroe Domi Fm. - Cerro Mansinga
Seroe Domi Fm. – Cerro Mansinga 1 – My own picture.
Seroe Domi Fm. - Cerro Mansinga 2
Seroe Domi Fm. – Cerro Mansinga 2 – Re. B.W. Fouke, 2007. Geological crossection of the picture.- Note the striking analogy with Perla field habitat: Seroe Domi Fm. carbonates unconformable on a Basement High.

7. Caracas BaAi- Seroe Domi Fm.& Basement. Perla analog

Seroe Domi Fm. unconformable in Basement diabase
Seroe Domi Fm. unconformable on Basement (some 60 million years difference between both)-My own picture. Note the striking analog with the habitat of Perla giant field and of Paraguana exploration wells in La Vela Bay – Offshore, near Paraguana Peninsula the Miocene is underlain by Cretaceous basement composed of phyllite and gneis.Or by continental red beds of Oligocene age. Thirteen exploration wells have been drilled in the western portion of La Vela Bay (beginning in 1966). Five were discoveries, 3 oil producers (Nr. 2,5,13), one gas producer (Nr. 12), one oil and gas producer from 2 separate zones (Nr.4). The dominant structural feature was a large NW-SE trending nose which is perpendicular to the Falcon structures onshore, suggesting presence of a major E-W trending fault system near shore. One of the main faults separates the La Vela Bay from the Paraguana positive area which appears to be the source of clastic sediments (E. Vasquez, WPC-16217, 1975).

Note the striking analog with the habitat of Perla giant field and of Paraguana exploration wells in La Vela Bay – Offshore, near Paraguana Peninsula the Miocene is underlain by Cretaceous basement composed of phyllite and gneis.Or by continental red beds of Oligocene age. Thirteen exploration wells have been drilled in the western portion of La Vela Bay (beginning in 1966). Five were discoveries, 3 oil producers (Nr. 2,5,13), one gas producer (Nr. 12), one oil and gas producer from 2 separate zones (Nr.4). The dominant structural feature was a large NW-SE trending nose which is perpendicular to the Falcon structures onshore, suggesting presence of a major E-W trending fault system near shore. One of the main faults separates the La Vela Bay from the Paraguana positive area which appears to be the source of clastic sediments (E. Vasquez, WPC-16217, 1975).

Perla Field - Miocene carbonates on Basement
Perla Field – Miocene carbonates on Basement – Re. D. Pinto, 2016, LinkedIn – Note striking identical analogy with Curaçao situation: Seroe Domi Fm. unconformable on Basement high. My parents house, where we grew up, has exactly the same geological habitat. Build and standing on (Creataceous) Basement. With the Miocene carbonates of Seroe Domi (& Formation) where we played as kids, lying unconformable on Basement. A ” housemade ” analog of Perla giant gas field, offshore Paraguaná, Venezuela.

8. Curacao Stratigraphic Column

Stratigraphic Column Curaçao
Stratigraphic Column Curaçao. Note the position and ages of the Basement (Curacao Lava Formation, CLF) and the Seroe Domi Fm. and  Early Miocene clays & marls from SE Aruba. And their analogy/similarity with Perla geological habitat.

9.Venezuela Onshore Analogs of Offshore Perla Field ?

San Luis and Churuguara carbonates are potential analogs of Perla Field, in the Gulf of Venezuela. Both are Oligo-Miocene outcrops from the northern and southern Falcon Basin. Perla carbonates constituted a carbonate ramp, dominated by rhodolithic coralline algae and larger foraminifera. The Churuguara outcrop may represent a partial analog of the non-reservoir distal ramp of Perla.

Re.: E. Albert-Villanueva et al., AAPG, Spain, 2016

10. Kinematic reconstruction of the Caribbean region since the Early Jurassic

Please watch and follow how Curacao develops through geologic time. Especially the development of the Falcon-Bonaire Basin.

Video Lydian Boschman.

11. Major Hydrocarbon Plays in the Caribbean and Northern South America – 

Dr. Paul Mann, of University of Houston – Video

12.  Basement of Aruba and Curacao

The house of my parents is built on Basement, known as diabaas on dushi Korsou.

The garden where we played as kids has an interesting geologic history.

It is located on a Basaltic Oceanic Plateau.

This is part of the Caribbean Large Igneous Province (CLIP) that represented a massive basaltic flooding on the Farallon Plate in the Pacific ocean 91-88 Ma ago. Extrusion occurred below sea level, in the Late Cretaceous. This magmatic event has been attributed to the plume-head stage of the Galapagos hotspot. Location was off the coast of present-day Colombia in todays’ Pacific (White, Tarney, Klaver, & Ruiz, 1996).

The Aruba-Curacao lava basement is a detached remnant part of this volcanic basalt flooding and is the origin the Aruba Lava Formation (ALF, 90 Ma; The Aruba batholith itself is 88.6 Ma.) and the Curacao Lava Formation (CLF, 88.6 Ma). Bonaire has no CLIP material, but has island arc rocks with 3 different ages of 94.6, 98 and 112 Ma.

The Leeward Antilles are located near the Caribbean-South American plate boundary.

Aruba and Curacao contain magmatic rocks that are geochemically very similar to the island arc rocks from the southern Aves ridge. They are fragments of the Great Arc of the Caribbean on the former leading edge of of the Caribbean plate. It has been in oblique collision with the northern margin of South America for most of the Cenozoic.

The Leeward Antilles area has therefore been shortened by inversion of normal faults and right-lateral strike-slip faulting. Related with the collision with the South American continent and subsequent segmentation in extensional basins by a phase of oblique normal faulting.

Also Aruba and Bonaire have undergone a clockwise rotation of 90 degrees with respect to the stable South America, since Late Cretaceous.

13 El último Romántico – Doble RR – Video & precious song.

14. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Franco_Urbani/publication/312971335_Paraguana_Peninsula_Venezuela_A_compilation_of_geological_information_-_Una_recopilacion_de_informacion_geologica/data/58bdb6d645851591c5e9b713/Paraguana-data-pack.pdf

15. Aruba, Well Bon Bini. Dry Hole ?

https://retkaribense.ntr.nl/2018/08/02/boramentu-pa-gas-na-aruba-a-kaba-no-por-kontrola-e-impakto-riba-turtuga-menasa/

ORANJESTAD – E promé boramentu di prueba pa gas dilanti kosta di Aruba a pasa. Tin gas?
E kompania spañó di zeta Repsol no ta bisa si a haña gas.

Armando Curet di e kompania di gobièrnu envolví CAP ta bisa ku e boramentu a bai ‘masha fásil’ i ‘sin problema’.

Aktualmente ta studia e resultadonan di e boramentu di prueba. E barku di bora entretantu a bai Kaapstad. Pero a anunsiá mas boramentu.

My own comment: I think it is dry hole. Based on the type and the very scarce info supplied post-drilling. Typical for a dry hole.

Aruba Offshore Prospects – MapStand Ltd 2018

16.

 

34. Venezuela – Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil Characteristics

34. Venezuela – Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil Characteristics

Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 1
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 1
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 1A
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 2-3
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 2
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 4
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 3
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 5
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 4
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 6
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 5
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 7
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 6
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 8
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 9
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 9
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 9
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 10
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 11
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 11
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 12
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 12
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 13
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 13
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 14-15
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 14-15
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 16-17
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 16-17
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 18
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 18
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 19
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 19
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 20-21
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 20-21
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 22
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 22 – 23
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 24-25
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 24-25
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 26-27
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 26-27
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 28-29
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 28-29
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 30-31
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 30-31
Maracaibo Basin - Marine Type Oil 32-33
Maracaibo Basin – Marine Type Oil 32-33

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

 

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

Suriname Deep Sea Mining - Play Map 1
Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Map 1
  1. https://mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com/28-suriname-outer-limits-of-the-continental-shelf/
  2. 28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

  3. https://mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com/30-suriname-deep-sea-mining/
  4. 30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

This blog should be used together with my 2 previous companion blogs referenced above.

1. Chapter Petroleum Exploration, nr. 28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf.
2. Nr. 30 Suriname Deep Sea Mining.

They are intended to serve as seminal and as wake up calls for ”green” exploration offshore. Taking into account that since 2015 we all live in “green” Paris Accord 2015 times.

(…did’t know that/did not want to realise that/did not want to comply with that/do not wish to include that as social responsibility/do not want to include it in Mission & Vision??).

This means that “dirty” petroleum and coal exploration will disappear. Like it or not. Doomsdays. Petroleum and coal explorationists will form integral part of industrial heritage and history books. Green exploration will take over. Oui, au, certainement.

The Netherlands? From dirty to green.

My most dearest Friolandia, one of my 6-by heritage-and by other reasons-Mother-countries (my exclusive “six-pack”), anno 2018?

Gas country? Largest gas field of the world? Groningen field, originally about 2900 billion cubic meters, in production since 1963, some 900 billion cubic meters left, is almost closing down. Going from gas to electricity, even for heaters in the winter, in all houses, soon, government obligation.

Solar panels arising everywhere on the roofs of houses.

Windmills arising everywhere, onshore, along highways, in the polder, in your backyard. And offshore, 600 megawatt Schiermonnikoog windmills park, replacing “dirty” petroleum production platforms.

Already some 4000 hightech windmills. Much more than the 1170 famous old tech classic cozy green Dutch windmills from the past. That every tourist, even Czar Peter in 1696, visits in Zaanse Schans and Kinderdijk. Already 15 billion kWh electricity generated in 2016 by renewables, sun, wind, and biomass. In EU, 154,00 Megawatt from wind energy with Germany as the champion with one third.

Windmills - Kinderdijk
Windmills – Kinderdijk

(…Germany, by the way, have you already noted they are always, always, always champions. Why? Champion economy in the EU.

World champion soccer by beating Messi, Argentina in Maracana on 13-7-2014 .

Previously beating Cruyff et. al. in 1974, in Germany…though, thanks to the beautiful Schwalbe and resulting penalty of Herr Bernd Hölzenbein.

Have you already seen their new great champion. Hand assembled in Affalterbach, the 6.2-liter M159 V8, 563 hp and 479 pound-feet of torque, in 3.7 seconds from 0-to-100 km? Really exhilarating, I can confirm. Mercedes Benz SLS AMG).

Geothermal Heat Production - The Netherlands - 2016
Geothermal Heat Production – The Netherlands – 2016

Geothermal, hot water exploration and drilling increasing, going everywhere. For heating the green houses, homes etc. etc.

Cars? About half sold are hybrid or electric, in total now 20,000 full electric cars on the road. You do not even hear if there is a car behind you, or if you want to cross the road, no noise at all, so dangerous now…

Etc. etc. etc. Getting greener and greener.

Even the trees are now going from brown to green, in spring.

Following maps represent preliminary Play Maps for deep sea mining in Suriname. Maps to play with. To get green and rich.

Ore deposits are usually located along major faults.

Such as in the area north of the Demerara High.

The northern boundary of Demerara High was determined by the incipient Atlantic mid-oceanic ridge at initial seafloor spreading ?

(..Yeah, bro and sisa, Suriname had the Atlantic Mid Oceanic Ridge at its doorsteps, 100 my. ago. Did you know? You could almost go to visit, for a BBQ with a giant T-Bone steak, with your brand new Toyota Landcruiser, or maybe a Lamborghini SUV, in the weekends. Or healthier, just by walking, similar to trailing the Camino de Santiago or Vía Franciscana pilgrims tracks in 6 weeks time. Already forgot about that dear neighbour, dear sisa ?

The mighty mid oceanic ridge that broke so many hearts, even broke up this part of famous Gondwana continent, mind you…Separating us involuntarily from our sister Sierra Leone. Like Iceland, sitting in front of your door, call it Sranan-Icelandia).

The ridge that left as heritage all his/her most valuable “green” ore deposits ??). Especially made for you.

This ridge evolved into the mid-oceanic ridge of the Atlantic that separated, within others, Africa and South America from Upper Cretaceous time on.

The way further?

Go for it.

It has been waiting there during 100 millions years, mi boi. Explore it, locate it, deep sea mine it, keep on moving, now with green spectacles and a green Vision 2030.

Also to diversify the economy. Not all eggs in just one basket. Make the transformation from dirty to green exploration.

Above all, upgrade to green, rich and healthy.

What about that one.

Faîtes vos jeux, chère madame et monsieur.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

S.A. - Africa Geotectonic Xsection - Late Cret. - Early Tertiary
S.A. – Africa Geotectonic Xsection – Late Cret. – Early Tertiary -Credit Lijun Liu, feb. 20, 2018, Nature Geoscience – Nature. Srananman? Zo zag de Surinaamse  ” Onderwereld ” onder Switi Sranan-2-be er uit, ongeveer 100 – 80 miljoen jaar geleden. Nu in 2018 ziet de Surinaamse Onderwereld er uiteraard heel anders uit (FYI, zie voor verdere info over de hedendaagse situatie s.v.p. Ministerie van Justitie…).
Suriname Deep Sea Mining - Play Map 1
Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Map 2 – Note that the northern limit of Demerara Plateau initially was determined by an Oceanic Ridge. At initial seafloor spreading, that evolved into the Mid Oceanic Ridge since UpperCretaceous. Along this ridge, within others, Africa and South America were separated from each other.

 

Suriname Deep Sea Mining - Play Map 1
Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Map 1 – Sites where ore deposits can be located are: 1) Fracture zones 2) Transform faults 3) Dextral strike slip faults

 

Suriname Deep Sea Mining - Play Map 3
Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Map 3 – North Demerara Transform Zone – Area with abundant fractures prone for formation of ore deposits, since Upper Cretaceous.

Video: 240 million Years Ago to 250 million Years in the Future. Going backwards and forwards in time. Note the changing position of Suriname through geologic time. Especially from 100 millions years ago to present time. And its position close to the Mid-Atlantic ridge in the period 110-80 million years ago, relevant for  rifting, fracturing and possible formation of ore deposits on the oceanic seafloor. Now waiting to be explored, unveiled and monetised, offshore Suriname.

 

32. Undiscovered petroleum resources Central-South America

Central-South America - Undiscovered Petroleum Resources
Central-South America – Undiscovered Petroleum Resources

Explorer? 

Undiscovered petroleum resources Central-South America – USGS, 2001

Mainly 2-be-Stranded:

According to the will of Homo Sapiens. Represented by 176 wise countries, Paris Accord, 12/12/2015. Toasting with Dom Perignon in Cristal d’Arque champagne flutes. Solemnly swearing, even with a WhatsApp to dear Mother Earth. Informing that Mighty Homo Sapiens is now definitely in the drivers seat, in full control. Like it or not. Approve it or not. Believe it or not. Take it or leave it. Deadline, 1.5 degrees C increase. No more !

Following Mother’s Earth proven 4.54 billion years history of reckless and uncontrollable spastic bad habits. Since ever: Orogenisis, continental constructions-destructions, dinosaur-mammoth mass destruction activities, CO2 expelling volcanoes, heavily leaking methane hydrates, unwise rock&rolling on the sweet rhytm of Milankovitch cycles, consequently continual climate changes that have destroyed our oh so cool ice ages with lovely mammoths. Sealevel changes flooding countries. Even obliging half of the astute Dutch to live below sealevel with dikes. And with wet feet…).

Amen.

Please note that the Guyana basin data are now outdated. P95 number has been doubled @ 2018. And is moving seriously towards F50 number.

S.A. - Geologic Provinces & Petroleum Basins - USGS
S.A. – Geologic Provinces & Petroleum Basins – USGS

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

31. Gazprom Profit 2017

31. Gazprom Profit 2017

Explorer? www.mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com
Марсел Чин-А-Лин – нефтяной геолог

Gazprom, Газпром has lost a quarter.

In 2017, Газпром’ net profit declined by 25% (!) to 714 billion, the firm said today in the report in accordance with IFRS.
Revenue from gas sales increased by 7% to 6.5 trillion rubles.
Net debt by 24% to RB 2.4 trillion.

Net profit of ” Gazprom”, the benchmark for dividend payment.
In mid-April the management Board recommended a dividend at the level of 2016 and 8.04 roubles per share.
I.e. payments can be sent to 190 billion rubles.

It turns out Gazprom can return to shareholders almost 27% in net profit.

Re.: Ведомости, 27 Апреля 2018, by Галина Старинская –
Original text in the beautiful Russian language of Фёлор Михайлович Достоевский and Маяковский.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017

 

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

Deep sea mining - Solwara project - Nautilus - Pacific - Bismarck Sea
Deep sea mining – Solwara project – Nautilus – Pacific – Bismarck Sea

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

The Extended Continental Shelf of Suriname was approved by the UN UNCLOS Commission on 17 March 2011.

This means that this whole area could now be explored for lucrative deep sea mining. Underwater mining has been touted as the new frontier for the resources industry.

The following represents solely my own ideas and musings on this subject, as an independant explorationist and business developer of resources.

Deep sea mining is a relatively new mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean floor. Ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1,400 to 3,700 metres below the ocean’s surface.The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold, copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc.

Among other kinds of mineral deposits found on the sea bed, the most extensive are potato- sized nodules containing high concentrations of phosphates or manganese oxide. Phosphate nodules are generally found on continental shelves, where they are formed by the chemical precipitation of phosphate at the sediment- water interface. Manganese nodules, on the other hand, usually occur at the bottom of deep oceans, particularly the central Pacific and Indian oceans. These nodules typically contain about 25% manganese, 15% iron, up to 2% each of nickel and copper as well as high concentrations of cobalt.

The Extended Continental Shelf area of Suriname does have the geological setting and potential for containing these metal-rich massive sulfude deposits. Both extinct as well as active deposits related with hydrothermal vents. This given the fact that this area consists of mainly oceanic crust. With a continual and steady development history of seafloor spreading and ocean crust formation that is still going on. With right lateral shearing and fracturing, along major strike slip zones (Guinea Fracture Zone), where the possible deposits could be located. Since Upper Cenomanian time, since 100 million years ago.

The northern limit of the Demerara Rise is defined by a major transcurrent fault. From here on the transition from continental to oceanic crust is very dramatic and evolves within a short distance. It is one of the few and really unique places on earth where this transition occurs in such a short distance.

Deep sea mining therefore does have as a clear potential in this oceanic crust domain. It is worthed to be considered and could contribute substantially to the diversify the economy and to increase the GDP of Suriname in the future. It represents a very valuable possible offshore “green and renewable asset ”. In line with the lineaments of the Paris Accord 2015, if properly executed….

In my humble explorationists vision it offers Suriname a unique opportunity that is relatively simple to perform.

To further explore, to harvest and eventually to reap monetary benefits from these natural riches. Up to now this opportunity has been overlooked by the country policy makers and influencers. As far as I know and/or have been able to research, such as on Internet.

Deep sea mining has been in my own mindset since I studied my second specialisation, ore geology. With renowned ore geologist prof. drs. Willem Uiyttenbogaard, at VU Amsterdam and Delft University, MIjnbouwkunde Faculteit in 1975.

Deep Sea Mining - Blue Nodules
Deep Sea Mining – Blue Nodules

Seafloor mining technology is becoming increasingly sophisticated. The latest generation of undersea machines used e.g. to mine diamonds consists of 250-tonne robotic leviathans, such as one manufactured by Marine and Mineral Projects, Cape Town.

The Pacific Island States presently are a role model in this respect. They are actively participating in a deep sea minerals project (SOPAC/SPC). And have already conducted sea floor mapping and sampling programs. Massive sulphide deposits have been discovered that contain localised concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and significant amounts of gold and silver. As well as manganese nodules with notable concentrations of nickel, cobalt. Sometimes together with high concentrations of rare-earth elements.

In 2011 Papua New Guinea became the first country to issue a mining license within its territorial waters.

Nautilus Minerals Inc., a Canadian company has been exploring a deposit since 2005. It projects to built the first submarine mega-mine in the Bismarck Sea. This Solwara project is located at 30 km offshore and targets a hugh deposit of polymetallic sulphur mineral nodules. It intends to recover mainly copper, base metal sulphides gold and silver, at a water depth of 1.600 metres.

Nautilus targeted production rate is approx 1.2-1.6 million tonnes a year. This is just a fraction of what all the sulphur deposits detected along the Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone could yield if mined. As a comparison, total production of onshore mines worldwide was 22.5 million metric tons in 2016. Chile took the top spot again by a long shot with one third.

ISA, issued in 2014 seven underwater mining licenses Three plans of work were approved for the exploration of polymetallic nodules for United Kingdom Seabed Resources, Ocean Mineral Singapore, and the Cook Islands Investment Corporation.

In the Golfo de Ulloa In Baja California. Odyssey Marine Explorations intends to drags 91,000 hectares. To extract 350 million tons of phosphate.

This is a road that Suriname could consider to follow.

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5 – Suriname – Area apt for deepsea mining ? An opportunity.
S.A. - Africa Geotectonic Xsection - Late Cret. - Early Tertiary
S.A. – Africa Geotectonic Xsection – Late Cret. – Early Tertiary -Credit Lijun Liu, feb. 20, 2018, Nature Geoscience – Nature .

Question?

Could the world’s hunger for metals and minerals, and strategies of the states for securing access to them, propel the development of deep sea mining?

Identifying the drivers of a sea minerals industry for Suriname requires within others a global perspective on the demand of metals. An understanding of the forces that influence the mining and minerals industry. And a more regional perspective on the need and opportunity in the surrounding area, particularly the USA, South America and Caribbean. The combined picture is complex, with high levels of uncertainty, due to the dynamic and often interrelated nature of the drivers.

Facts are that the need for copper, manganese and cobalt are rising, this stimulated by the electronic and automation sectors. At the same time the world reserves are diminishing. Large international mining conglomerates are therefore turning their attention to the offshore ocean bottom. ISA has already issued some 30 licenses in the Pacific.

Long-term decreasing metal industry productivity, falling ore grades, and increased costs, combined with increased environmental, social, and cultural expectations for sustainability, creates also for Suriname an opportunity for deep sea minerals as an alternate source of metal supply. Along with reuse and recycling.

The widespread and recognized need for alternative economic development, to overcome poverty and to meet the rising aspirations also applies to many countries in development,

Deepsea mining could very well represent the next gold rush.

An opportunity.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

Post Mortem

I wish to dedicate this post to my dearest friend. My soulmate during our study in Lugdunum Batavorum.

Thanks so much for your sincere and dedicated friendship. Also for always appearing, out of the Blue, when I badly needed help.

Such as in Spain, near Burgos, just after the 6 weeks fieldwork in Cremenes, Cantabria. En route to the Costa Brava, Blanes? Our car accident that involved Jan Willem and myself. When a Spaniard fell asleep and crashed his Fiat 500 almost frontally against my brand new 2CV AK at 5.a.m., mind you.

Suddenly you appeared, like Batman,  together with Herman.

Also for storing and shipping my 40 boxes with books to Curaçao, a task for which nobody wanted to volunteer. Only much later I discovered that you were the hidden benefactor.

Bergi, thank you so much and may the Mighty God Bless you !

…My special prayer… This precious song always reminds me of you. Take care, wherever you may now be !

Some day we will surely meet again. To follow our discussions then  about deep sea mining such as in offshore Suriname. As we did back on our room on the first floor, Garenmarkt 1B, Geologisch Instituut, Leiden.

drs. Ray Bergval, 2017, R.I.P.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymDvV8pmyIg

Percy Sledge, My special prayer.

 

 

29. Reservoir Characterization

29. Reservoir Characterization – 

Geostatistical characterization of reservoirs for optimal field development.

Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 2 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 2 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 3 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 3 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 4 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 4 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 5 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 5 – MCAL

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

This was the Submission by the Government of the Republic of Suriname, December 5, 2008.

For Establishment of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf of Suriname.

The Extended Continental Shelf of Suriname was approved by the UNCLOS on 17 March 2011.

When serving Staatsolie as a consultant I was privileged to participate and contribute to the successful execution of this important project. As part of an extensive multi-discipline group.

And as a member of the technical G&G advisors staff. During the diplomatic negotiations and deliberations with Guyana and Trinidad & Tobago. Together with the ambassadors and staff, representing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Suriname.

As an explorationist it was an eye opener and most exciting. Realising that such a crucial country issue as extension of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf, in the Suriname case, depended mainly on excellent, high quality and smart geophysical-geological interpretation by the geoscientists. Just a good G&G job. Specifically of the basin evolution and herewith related sediment thickness development in the outer limits offshore area. That’s it.

To a much lesser or almost no degree it was dependant and determined by pure jurisdictional issues and/or transnational political conjectures.

The offshore political boundaries of Suriname with its neighbours have herewith definitely been established and agreed.

Onshore Tigri-New River Triangle area boundaries still have to be agreed.

In my opinion Suriname therefore ranks as the best. As far as absence of political risk and possible force majeur is concerned, related specifically with petroleum exploration within its offshore continental shelf area.

Guyana has an ongoing ” dispute ” with Venezuela, now at the mercy of ICJ, The Hague. Extensive further information on this dispute can be found in my Post nr. 25, Chapter Petroleum Exploration.

Imagine what would nesessarily happen if the boundaries were to be adapted, changed, and detrimental to Guyana (…Transnational petroleum negotiations, settlements, unitizations, repayments of already produced petroleum etc. etc. etc.). Especially the most western area where Ranger – 1 discovery is located could be vulnerable…

French Guyana was so wise to simply ban petroleum exploration. Au revoir, a bientôt ?

Mr. Petroleum. Amen. With a marble cross. R.I.P. This is the Paris Accord 2015 era. C’est ça, simplement, mademoiselle et monsieur.

The outer limit area of Suriname is now also ready for lucrative deep sea mining.

Deep sea mining is a relatively new mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean floor. Ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1,400 to 3,700 metres below the ocean’s surface.The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold, copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc.

The Suriname outer limit area obtained does have a good potential for existence of these metal-rich massive sulfude deposits. Both extinct as well as active deposits. This given the fact that this area consists of oceanic crust. With a continual and still ongoing steady development history of seafloor spreading and ocean crust formation. With right lateral shearing and fracturing, along major strike slip major zones, where possible deposits can be located, since Upper Cenomanian time.

The transition from continental to oceanic crust is particularly very dramatic, and within a short distance just north of the Demerara Rise. Along a major transcurrent fault. It is one of the few and unique places on earth where this transition is so fast and obvious.

Deep sea mining therefore does have as a clear potential. It could contribute substantially to the economy and GDP of Suriname in the future. It is a very valuable, offshore “green and renewable asset ” in line with the Paris Accord 2015.

In my humble explorationists vision it offers Suriname a unique opportunity that is relatively simple to execute. To further explore, to harvest and eventually to reap monetary benefits from these natural riches. Unfortunately these are usually overlooked as they are not familiar to most country policy makers.

Deep sea mining has been in my own mindset since I studied my second specialisation, ore geology. With renowned ore geologist prof. drs. Willem Uiyttenbogaard, at VU Amsterdam and Delft University, MIjnbouwkunde Faculteit in 1975.

At present the Pacific Island States are actively participating in a deep sea minerals project (SOPAC/SPC). They have been conducting sea floor mapping and sampling programs. And have indeed discovered massive sulphide deposits, containing localised concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and significant amounts of gold and silver. As well as manganese nodules with notable concentrations of nickel, cobalt, sometimes together with high concentrations of rare-earth elements. In 2011 Papua New Guinea became the first country to issue a mining license within its territorial waters.

A road that Suriname could also follow.

Mi Switi Sranan, vaderland/moederland van mijn grootouders en ouders. What are you waiting for ???

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 1

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 2
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 2

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 3
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 3

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 4
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 4

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

27. Suriname, Block 45, Anapai 1 & 1A wells: P&A.

27. Suriname – Anapai 1 & 1A and Pontoenoe wells – P&A

Update @ 26 June 2018: P&A

Kosmos Energy Update on Exploration Drilling Program Offshore Suriname – DALLAS-Jun. 26, 2018 – Kosmos Energy announced today that it has completed drilling the Anapai-1A exploration well located in Block 45 offshore Suriname.

Anapai-1A was drilled to a total depth of 4,556 meters and was designed to test Lower Cretaceous reservoirs in a structural trap on the flank of the basin. The prospect was fully tested, encountering high quality reservoirs in the targeted zones, but did not find hydrocarbons.

Anapai-1A werd geboord tot een totale diepte van 4.556 meters en was ontworpen om de onderste Cretaceous reservoirs te testen in een structureel gebied op de flank van het bassin. Het prospect werd volledig getest, en hoog kwaliteit reservoirs zijn aangetroffen in doel zones, maar er zijn geen koolwaterstoffen gevonden. De put is nu afgedicht en verlaten. Ref. 26/Juni 2018, Dagblad Suriname.

(My insert @ 06/26/18. Post-Mortem: Why bone dry ??

Pls. see my personal pre-drill questions, concerns and musings on Block 45, Anapai well , prospectivty, SR, maturity, migration, trap etc. in this publication).

The well is plugged and abandoned.

Andrew G. Inglis, chairman and chief executive officer : “We are still in the early stages of exploring this newly emerging basin and our forward drilling program remains unchanged given the independent nature of the prospects.

The drillship will proceed as planned in the third quarter to test Pontoenoe, the first of up to three independent prospects in Block 42 offshore Suriname.

Pontoenoe is a similar play type to the Turbot and Longtail discoveries located approximately 70 kilometers to the west in Guyana.

The Pontoenoe prospect, to be spudded mid August 2018, 2 month drilling planned (mid October in target horizon?) is located in Block 42 offshore Suriname, which is believed to be an extension of the petroleum system offshore Guyana. Pontoenoe is a late Cretaceous Liza-type stratigraphic play, Kosmos said. When combined with two other prospects on the block—Aurora and Apetina—the three are prospective for more than 500 MMbbl of resources (Question: each one 500 MMbbl or the 3 together ??).

The company has said it plans to test “multibillion barrel prospectivity” spanning five independent Cretaceous plays (Question: Upper Cretaceous plays, I must assume? Or also again Lower Cretaceous, as failed in Anapai-1). Exploration drilling is expected to continue from 2019 to 2021 in the area.

Update at 10th October 2018:

Kosmos Energy said on Wednesday it was abandoning the Pontoenoe-1 well offshore Suriname after failing to find oil.

This is the second dry well in a row drilled by the company in the Dutch-speaking South American country. The company came up dry in June at the Anapai-1A well in the Block 45.

Kosmos said it encountered high-quality reservoir at Pontoenoe-1 exploration well in Block 42 but the primary exploration objective proved to be water bearing and did not find commercial hydrocarbons.

Commenting on the Pontoenoe result, Kosmos said it believes there was evidence of a working source kitchen and the prospect failed due to a lack of trap.

“The well will now be plugged and abandoned and the well results integrated into the ongoing evaluation of the remaining prospectivity in Kosmos’ acreage position,” the company said.

Anapai-1A well - " Rumble-in-the-Jungle; 21-5-2018
Anapai-1A well – Very serious  ” Rumble-in-the-Jungle @  21-5-2018 “. According to a press release the Anapai-1 well drilling in Block-45 offshore Suriname encountered shallow bore hole stability issues before reaching the target interval (My inserted comment: very strange and unusual; this as the shallow, upper section has/should have been properly cased of long before reaching target depth. Or ” shallow ” meant to indicate, just above the target interval ??). Kosmos and its partner will re-spud the well, Anapai-1A, targeting the same objectives. Some US$ 40 mln spent on Anapai-1. The well design has been reconfigured to address the issues previously encountered. Anapai-1A is expected to spud imminently, and will take approximately 50 to 60 days to drill with results expected early in the third quarter. Other rumour: Uncontrollable circulation losses in fractured/heavily faulted area? Drilled to close to the main fault ?

This blog is on the Anapai-1 well, spudded 4th April 2018, Block 45, offshore Guyana-Suriname basin.

It contains data and figures on Block 45 and its surrounding area petroleum geological habitat that are relevant for this well and prospectivity of the whole area.

Kosmos Energy Suriname - 2018 - Anapai 1 well
Kosmos Energy Suriname – 2018 – Anapai 1 well – Please note that the dear gentleman on the picture is indicating with his left hand and pencil to Block 42 (I assume pointing to next, back-2-back? Pontoenoe prospect). Not to Block 45 where Anapai – 1 well is. Question? Is the well located in the right block? Did they forward the right well coordinates to the drillship? Just occurred to me, don’t mind anyway. Almost happened to ourself in the Netherlands: with well N7-2, by erroneously using a different geographical system….from the competitor firm….We discovered and corrected…just in time…

All figures and data here used are public data on internet.

This represents solely my own interpretation and private opinion as an independant petroleum advisor.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron - Anapai 1 well - april 2018
Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron – Anapai-1 well – spudded april 2018, P&A, June 26, 2018.

Suriname offshore license map – May 2018

Prospects abound in both offshore Guyana and Suriname.

Suriname is looking to get more involved in the offshore space after decades of steady onshore production. Some 109 million bbl of crude oil, generated by the Cenomanian Canje Formation source rock, has been produced onshore from Paleocene and Eocene reservoirs over the last 35 years.

Offshore remains under-explored. Staatsolie, the Suriname national oil company, indicates that 26 exploration wells (all dry holes) have been drilled over a 130,000-km2 area. But only 14 of those wells have been drilled beyond water depths of 20 m.

The big question that remains at this precise moment is how far and geologically how the prospectivity of the basin extends from the recent 9 giant ExxonMobil discoveries across the border into Suriname.

Efforts to prove an extension of the Cretaceous fan play into Suriname have so far proved unsuccessful.

Location Guyana ExxonMobil discoveries vs Suriname Licenses
Location Guyana, Stabroek Block,  ExxonMobil discoveries vs Suriname Licenses. Still 18 prospects left in Stabroek Block. In Suriname offshore, Block 58 of Apache, offers the best posibility to become the eastward extension of the “ Guyana Basin Golden Lane “. From the now unveiling petroleum habitat,  subsurface setting and geographical trend of the Golden Lane giant fields?  Suriname Block 42 and Kosmos, Pontonoe-1 well presently drliing, in this respect certainly do not nicely line up with the discovered fields. Fingers xx.  Block 48 of Apache does line up very well with the discovery trend. And is located within the migration path/area that e.g. the Tambaredjo oils had to follow, from their kitchen area to their final reservoirs.

The last 7 promising wells were all bone and bone dry. Nonetheless the very high expectations also based on de-risking by 3D seismic.(…what about including, de-risking based on sound and realistic petroleum geology…).

1. 2009 Repsol’s well West Tapir-1 (Block 30; Canyon head play, Ologocene/ Eocene target) was a failure and completely dry.

2,3 Murphy, 2 bone dry wells.

Murphy @ Aracari & Caracara wells
Murphy @ Aracari & Caracara wells – Block 37

Murphy plans at June 8, 2007? Drill two exploratory wells and conduct 3D seismic studies over a period of four years in the 8,700-square-kilometer (3,360-square-mile) Block 37 located off the eastern shore of the South American nation.

November 2010, Caracara well, 120 -1,030 mmbl prospect. Good quality reservoir, without oil. But 600m of shales with oil shows above its target geologic section (Questions? Why oil in the 600m thick ” topseal “, and not in the underlying good quality reservoir sands? Is the shale a/the mature source rock?), indicating that the prospect was within the hydrocarbon kitchen area. P&A.

May 2011, Aracari well, 200 – 500 mmbl prospect. A seismic anomaly down dip of the location where the oil shows in Caracara well were encountered. Murphy believed this reduced the seal risk associated with Aracari, as the shale should provide an updipseal for the targeted formation. P&A. (Question? Why was the 600m thick shale sequence not a good enough topseal in Caracara well? Why is it a then by magic a good up dip seal in Aracari well?)

4. 2015, Apache’s Popokai-1 well in Block 58 was a failure (why?).

5. 2017, Apache’s Kolibri-1 exploration well, 129 km off the coast, in Block 53 was deemed non-commercial (“failed to find commercial quantities of oil”, why?).

6. 2017 Tullow in its Araku well in Block 54, did establish the presence of gas condensate (How much? a few ppm’s in the mudlog? was a fluid sample taken/recovered? was the well tested?). But did not (even) find a significant quantity of reservoir rocks.

Tullow, under the PSC, Block 53 has a work program that included 3D seismic, geological surveys, and the drilling of two exploration wells. One to come, pending. (Question? When?).

7. 2018, Kosmos, Anapai-1A is bone dry. Why?

Pre-drill fully de-risked by 3D seismic in addition to clear direct indications for the presence of hydrocarbons. Even with a map of the giant Jubilee field plotted on the larger area of the Araku prospect, to indicate the huge areal extent and high 700 MMb potential. Resulting in a bone dry well, in addition even without enough reservoir rocks.

High potential, high impact and de-risked pre-drill…

Just my own questions and musings?

What happened with the (fake?) direct hydrocarbon indicators on 3D seismic. This as already different wells have been drilled offshore Suriname based on “fake” direct hydrocarbon indicators that were convincing and determinant pre-drill. Hallelujah.

How come so many explorers like to be convinced and cheated deliberately by fake colours? Especially if they line up with a suitable depth contour, such that the hydrocarbon volume promise could amount to some 700 million barrels?

Just because they do not by far understand how and why these colours and these (fake) direct hydrocarbon indicators were generated? How the seismic was acquired, processed, interpreted ?

For example. Two dry holes were drilled based, within others, on direct hydrocarbon indicators. This while the 3D seismic that was acquired even failed to cover the frequency range necessary to allow for direct detection of hydrocarbons. Etc. etc.

Haleluj   ahhh.

Re.: OffshoreEnergyTod ay @ 21 May, 2018
Re.: OffshoreEnergyToday @ 21 May, 2018 – Suriname Blocks 42, 45. Faulted Blocks, Canyon and Deepsea basin floor fan trends. Note that the deeps fans on this map have 3 different canyon feeders. The most western Berbice major canyon up to now has funneled the sands of the 8 giant discoveries. It may have distributaries into the Suriname offshore area, such as in Block 42 (Pontonoe prospect?) The 2 eastern canyons, Corantijn and Coppename canyons?, have funneled most of the sands for the offshore Suriname canyon head deposits and deep basin floor fans. The Apetina and Aurora trends in offshore Suriname may have been sourced by a combination of these three canyons.

Kosmos is expected to turn its attention next to either Aurora or Apetina deepsea, basinfloor fan trends, ” Liza analogs”, Pontoenoe prospect Block 42.

The geological setting and petroleum habitat of this Block 45 area is different from the setting of the last giant, mainly deepwater fan discoveries in Guyana. Therefore expectations on the prospectivity can not be extrapolated just 1-on-1 as many suggest for their own convenience. But should be considered in a much more nuanced geological way.

 

Guyana - Berbice Canyon and Basin Plain - Gustavson Associates 2008 - Fig 4-9 - MCAL
Guyana – Berbice Canyon and Basin Plain – from Gustavson Associates 2008 – Fig 4-9 – MCAL – This is the geological setting of offshore Guyana, the petroleum habitat and playtypes. And of ExxonMobil 8 giant field discoveries (except Ranger-1 discovery. A carbonate buildup/reef, on the Cretaceous shelf edge. Apparently developed on top of an extinct Jurassic, “basement”  volcano? This based on a short comment on Linked by a Hess exploration manager, shortly after the discovery.
Cretaceous carbonates - USGS
Cretaceous carbonates – USGS
Guyana Basin - Basement & Cretaceous Shelf Edges
Guyana Basin – Basement & Cretaceous Shelf Edges. Exploration tip! Please compare the position of Ranger-1  carbonate build-up discovery with respect to the position of both Basement and Cretaceous shelf edges. Places where carbonate build-ups could preferentially develop.
Offshore Guyana Fans
Offshore Guyana Fans – Sediment provenance area, mainly from southern Guyana Shield hinterland (such as recycled & offshore redeposited Roraima Fm. sediments)

For example.

Provenance area of the Lower Cretaceous reservoir sands is much different around the Demerara High greater area, in comparison with offshore Guyana, in the area of the giant discoveries. Thus also existence (or not), distribution and related reservoir properties of the sands may / will be much different.

The Lower Cretacous sediments around the Demerara High are mainly a relict of a major Aptian-Albian river delta system. This river-delta system existed when the Suriname-French Guyana area was still attached to the Sierra Leon-Guinea, NW Africa area:

Demerara and Guinea Plateau’s.

Mid Cretaceous Geographical Map
Mid Cretaceous Geographical Map

It had its causeway in the area in the middle, between both, ran from SE towards NW. In fact it was the incipient rift valley where later the full mid-oceanic rift of the Atlantic developed, that separated Sierra Leone area from Demerara High area. It transported and drained a large part of the sediments of the then connected northern South America-Africa area. This ancient river may have been of the size of the present day Amazone river as it transported a large part of the eroded sediments of the ” northern South America – NW Africa ” cratonic area, in Lower /Middle Cretaceous time. It debouched in the Demerara and Guinea plateau coastal and shelf area. With (not yet indicated and localised) turbidite and deepsea fan deposits in the developing Thetys ocean. Such as in the area that now represents the deeper, distal parts of Suriname offshore.

This delta system, together with the underlying Jurassic and older rocks (Permian? Carboniferous?) were severely uplifted, folded as a giant anticline during the compression/collision (and counterclockwise movement) of NW Africa’s hinge against Suriname-French Guyana. During the Cenomanian. Therefore the Demerara High represented a hugh high or mountain (up to some 3-4 km). A main part has been eroded, probably already simultaneously during its uplift. Exposing Lower Cretaceous, and almost even Jurassic rocks, that were unconformably overlain by Tertiary sediments (well A2-1 area).

A2-1 well - Demerara High
A2-1 well – Demerara High

Provenance of the Lower Cretaceous sediments in offshore Guyana (giant fields area) is much different, most probaby from the south. From the eroded Guyana craton in the hinterland.

Suriname offshore - Playmap - Staatsolie Vision 2020
Suriname offshore – Playmap – Staatsolie Vision 2020

Present Anapai-1 well (fault block prospect that incorporates Lower Cretaceous delta fans) spudded beginning of April 2018, by Kosmos/Hess in Block 45, has a rather low profile in the press, without bold predictions. Little published information can be found on internet.

(PD @ May 21, 2018: Anapai-1 P&A; Anapai-1A to be drilled; @June 26, 2018:P&A.)

The prospect sits in 1,500m of water and is targeting gross unrisked resources of 700mmbbls in a Lower Cretaceous structural/stratigraphic trap. It was selected to be drilled first since it was the most mature in the company’s portfolio and so drill ready. The company has modelled Anapai as being fed by a feeder system from the east, and so a different system to that seen in Liza (My note: Lower Cretaceous, Aptian-Albian delta-fluvial sediments present around Demerara High are a completely different story from Liza. Provenance areas are different ones). The key risk is considered to be the trap, due to the combination stratigraphic element of the prospect.

Kosmos contracted the Ultra Deepwater Drillship ENSCO DS-12 (formerly Atwood Achiever) to execute this Drilling Operation. It is a fully equipped modern drilling vessel (2013) with accommodation for approximately 200 crew and onboard oil and gas personnel. It can drill in water depths above 3000 meters and drilling depths up to 12.000 meters.

IMG_5395 - Ensco DS 12 Drillship
IMG_5395 – Ensco DS 12 Drillship

Hopefully it will be the first ” major ” discovery offshore ?

It is a prospect in Block 45 located on the west flank of the Demerara High.

Offshore Suriname - SW-NE section - from Demerara High to deep offshore - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – SW-NE section running from Demerara High to deep offshore – This section runs somewhat NE of Block 45′ Anapai-1 prospect. Illustrates the Playtypes in this area – figure taken from Staatsolie website.

This SE-NW seismic cross section very well illustrates the types of play that can be expected, as in Block 45.

Such as the Lower Cretacous fans, that were mainly fed by the eastern area, now occupied by the Demerara High. They are fragmented by the west dipping, gravitational fault blocks on the west flank of the Demerara High. Making it structural traps with inside an important stratigraphic fan reservoir element. Such as Anapai-1.

Offshore Suriname - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – Playtypes – taken from website Staatsolie

 

Suriname offshore - Oil kitchen area - Cenomanian Canje SR Formation
Suriname offshore – Oil kitchen area – Cenomanian Canje SR Formation – Note the (un?)  favourable position of Block 45 area with respect to (possible) feeder kitchen area. Of oil and mainly gas. – Interpretation 1. Question: which map is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Cenomanian SR - Interpretation 2
Cenomanian SR – Interpretation 2 – Question : which map is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Geoexploration musings.
Just a minor Question, though?

If you were Mr./Mrs. Oil & Gas.

Just leaving your cozy mother source rock (Jurassic? proven Upper Cretaceous Canje Fm. located stratigraphically higher, on top of the target interval? Lower Cretaceous, Aptian-Albian?) behind and closing the door. When and where?? Where would you preferentially stroll to/migrate to find a suitable updip save house. Towards advertised Block 45 and Anapai -1 ???

As so dearly suggested by the Kosmos & Hess super smart geoscientists, nervous investors and shareholders that want to add sustainable value and big money?

(FYI: @ May 6, 2018: Kosmos Energy had a negative net margin of 34.98% and a negative return on equity of 12.49%. The company’s revenue for the quarter was down 11.3% compared to the same quarter last year. During the same quarter in the prior year, the firm posted ($0.01) EPS.

Kosmos Energy stock opened at $6.89 on Friday. Kosmos Energy has a 52-week low of $5.15 and a 52-week high of $8.62. The company has a debt-to-equity ratio of 1.43, a current ratio of 1.24 and a quick ratio of 1.08.

Kosmos Energy shares fall as first quarter dented by crude derivatives – 2018-05-08).

Would you deliberately go to find shelter in these ” NE S.A.-NW Africa-derived Lower Cretaceous fluvio-deltaic sediments ” (fans??? sands? shaly sands/sandy shales ?? shales???).

In a gravitational faulted block? On the flank of the Demerara High?

How do you get in it, how do you unlock the door to enter in the fault block anyway. Anyhow, would you? Or do you first enter sneaky, and when your shelter is full, you just safely close the front and back doors. And when? Are your walls and roof leakproof, by the way ? To wait patiently a few million years (how many exactly?) for Ensco DS 12 and Kosmos/Hess ?? To release you. To be produced, stored and unloaded in an offshore Suriname FPSO ?

Or would you take another simpler route and bypass as maybe suggested by your own updated buoyancy-driven Subsurface Navigator?

Which highway or secondary road would you then follow ? Were they open (…or closed) for save and unhindered travel leisure? Did you check all these points. Can you just draw it quickly by hand, on blank paper, in a few successive 3-D diagrams (no, no fancy computer generated diagrams this time)?

In a few weeks we will know the choice of Mr.Oil & Mrs.Gas. The final verdict. And for free, in the press, simply on internet, just in the early summer morning sun next July. Oil, gas or water ? All together ? Reservoir rock, yes or no? No, no fake news.

For this moment, faîtes vos jeux, chère madame et monsieur, salut ! And keep fingers XXXX. Hope-Fully, Fully-Hoped.

Success, for the country of my dear ancestors where part of my roots are located.

P.D. @ June 25, 2018: P&A. Reason: Mr & Mrs Oil & Gas did not show up. Why? Simply never came this way and/or knocked on Anapai’s door? Entered for a while, then escaped through the leaking roof and walls and moved on updip, where it is now sitting? Took another simple route? Bypassed, following its own buoyany Subsurface Navigator? Post Mortem.

Success

(…wanted to write success in Sranan Tongo. But…I could not find the translation of this word from Dutch to Sranan Tongo in my Wortubuku fu Sranan Tongo.

Slechts aiti wortus die met su… beginnen, mi boi.

Mi no kan feni na wortu disi srefsrefi. Someni mi suku. Not even in Google Translator. Gosh, Sranan Tongo is niet eens vertegenwoordigd tussen de 99 talen in Google translator. Zie ik tot mijn grote zzchrik. Proposal, wellicht spoedig toevoegen als taal nummer 100 in Google translator.

Zimpelwegg. Bestaat dit woord of deze uitdrukking en dit fenomeen overigens daaan nogg niett in het Zurenaamzzs mi gudu, mijn lieve tante Kaatje. En waaaaromm noggg niet. Explain me s.v.p. tanta, ferteri mi na tori disi, san meki, mi srefi ne verstan. Mi e begi yu tangitangi, ai baja? Pls. tell me the translation, many thx in advance. Tan bun).

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Albian L.Cret. S.R.
Albian L.Cret. S.R. – Note that Albian Sr could contribute importantly to the petroleum system NW of Demerara High. A very prolific, very high TOC, and thick interval was encountered in the DSOP wells drilled on the NW corner of DH.
Suriname offshore - inferred Jurassic SR - Kitchen area
Suriname offshore – inferred Jurassic SR – Kitchen area – Jurassic SR derived petroleum may form (an important?) part of the petroleum system(s) of both onshore and offshore Suriname. Jurassic derived oils, identified based on biomarkers, have been found onshore. – Interpretation 1. Question: which is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Callovian JR SR
Callovian JR SR – Interpretation 2. Question: which interpretation is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.

 

Suriname offshore license map - may 2018
Suriname offshore license map – may 2018 – published on internet.

BLOCKS 42 AND 45
Kosmos holds a 33% working interest in Block 42 and a 50% working interest in Block 45 offshore Suriname.

We signed a joint exploration agreement with Chevron in mid-2012 joining our expertise with Chevron’s industry-leading technologies to accelerate exploration. In 2016, Kosmos entered into a farm-out agreement with Hess covering Block 42.

KEY STATS – Block 42 – LICENSE ACQUIRED:2011 – PARTICIPATING INTEREST:33%, operated – LOCATION:Suriname-Guyana basin, Northeast South America -SIZE:6,176 square kilometers -WATER DEPTH:1,800 – 2,700 meters -Block 45 -LICENSE ACQUIRED:2011 -PARTICIPATING INTEREST:50%, operated -LOCATION:Suriname-Guyana basin, Northeast South America -SIZE:5,126 square kilometers -WATER DEPTH:200 – 2,000 meters

Kosmos Energy Finalizes Suriname Farm-Out with Hess Corporation
05/03/16 – Kosmos signs farm-out agreement covering Suriname Block 42

DALLAS–(BUSINESS WIRE)–May 3, 2016– Kosmos Energy (NYSE: KOS) announced today that it has entered into a farm-out agreement with Hess Suriname Exploration Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Hess Corporation (NYSE: HES), covering the Block 42 contract area offshore Suriname. Under the terms of the agreement, Hess will acquire a one-third non-operated interest in the Block 42 contract area from both Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) and Kosmos. As part of the agreement, Hess will fully fund the cost of a 6,500 square kilometer 3D seismic survey, subject to an agreed maximum limit, inclusive of Hess’ share, expected to commence in the third quarter of 2016. Additionally, Hess will disproportionately fund a portion of the first exploration well in the Block 42 area, subject to an agreed maximum limit, inclusive of Hess’ share, contingent upon the partnership entering the next phase of the exploration period. The agreement is subject to certain customary closing conditions.

Upon closing of the transaction, the interests in the Block 42 contract area will be as follows:

Kosmos: 33.33% (Operator); Chevron 33.33%; Hess 33.33%

Kosmos has held rights to conduct exploration in the Block 42 and Block 45 contract areas since 2011 under production sharing contracts with the Government of Suriname. The blocks are contiguous and cover more than 11,000 square kilometers.

Suriname Nearshore Potential.

The potential for Suriname is significant according to Tom Ketele, nearshore drilling project manager for Staatsolie. The country, with more than 30 years of onshore production, has onshore crude reserves to sustain it for the next 15 years, he said. By developing its ultra-shallow nearshore resource potential, the country will be able to extend those reserves significantly.

Staatsolie has identified and ranked 15 prospects, some stacked, in water depths of 5 m to 30 m offshore. The company has plans to drill a 10-well exploratory campaign from April 2019 to December 2019, he said.

Drillling platform nearshore Suriname
Drillling platform nearshore Suriname
Nearshore Bl. 4 - Leads & Prospects
Nearshore Bl. 4 – Leads & Prospects.

Just a few personal musings.

Where are the structural depth maps, sand distribution, isopachs, isoliths maps and log correlations of these leads and prospects? Are they only coloured blobs on the map, for this specific purpose? How many acres/feet do they cover? GOR? Reservoir pressure? How many barrels potential do they have? Some 20 million bbls.? Of heavy oil ? How many wells to drill to recover some 15%? Any horizontal wells? How thick are these non-consolidated sands/shaly sands/sandy shales ? How many (un-manned)production platforms? How much already sunk costs? How much future Capex-Opex involved?

Still profitable ?????

Balance at oct. 2019:  5 straight dry holes (Kankantrie, Powisi, Gonini).

Further, on this apparently $120 million NSD project (Near Shore Development), sept 2019:

https://crimestopper594967585.wordpress.com/2019/09/15/ware-feiten-over-near-shore-drilling-staatsolie/

Nearshore wells Suriname 2019
Nearshore wells Suriname 2019 – 5 straight dry holes at nov. 2019

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

26. Guyana Basin: How to find a giant oil field by exploring for water.

26. Guyana Basin: How to find a giant oil field by exploring for water. V.010518

The Guyana Basin has become both ” cool ” and hot since the 2015 Liza discovery offshore.

Based on the unique petroleum system(s) in the Guyana Basin one can only be convinced that the Guyana Basin is an awakening oil giant.

In 1965 the first giant field was already found onshore, the Tambaredjo field.

Not noticed by a majority of explorers.

Fifty years later in 2015 followed by the recent giant elephant discoveries of ExxonMobil in nearby Guyana.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

” Birth Announcement ” of a Massive Oil Region: on behalf of ” Guyana Basin “.

http://emg.geoscienceworld.org/content/8/1-2
Birth Tambaredjo Giant Field – Taken from Th.E.Wong et al. p. 383, 1998 – MCAL

In 1965 Guyana Basin proudly announced the birth of its first giant field (unnoticed by the majority of explorers) in onshore Suriname:

Name: Tambaredjo.

Weight: Billion barrel oil field

Father: Geological and Mining Service, GMD (ir. Hugo Coleridge, discoverer). Paleocene, Saramacca Fm. sands at a depth of 150 – 425 metres. Also in Miocene, Coesewijne Fm. sands.

Mother: Canje Formation, U-Cretaceous, Cenomanian source rock (extended Tethys Ocean, Continental Margin family of La Luna, Querecual and Naparima Hill formations).

Place: Tambaredjo, Calcutta, Saramacca district, Suriname.

Time: 13 October, 1965.

Details:

A. Tambaredjo oil is not lazy or obtuse at all.

The newly born and expelled petroleum at a young age already managed to travel (migrate) all alone. Using only its genetic buoyancy instinct. As navigator in the dark, unknown subsurface.

Covering a super long distance (ca. 200 km – ” Olympic Gold Medal, Neogene-Super Long-Distance-Subsurface-Walking “) while pro-actively searching for a suitable home (reservoir). That could provide a safe, leakproof roof (Paleocene shale) and spacious, interconnected pores as confortable habitat. Finally well-received in the fluvial-deltaic Palaeocene T-sands and Miocene Coesewijne, in the most up-dip part of the basin.

Suriname - Source: SOM & Austinbridgeporth FIG. 9 - MCAL

Suriname – ” Tambaredjo giant field: Welcome to my place, this is where I live, this is my cozy petroleum habitat ” – Source & credit: SOM & Austinbridgeporth FIG. 9 – MCAL – http://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2016/10/suriname-new-technology-unlocks-hydrocarbon-potential

Onshore, Tambaredjo?

The ultimate spot, where nowadays one would dare to wildcat with a first oil well in the prolific Guyana Basin. As a most sophisticated and learned digital explorationist. With all the present day information available on the workstation.

A most adventurous migration history, still unlocked and untold by Mr. Tambaredjo.

When and who did you visit since you left the kitchen of mother Canje Fm.? Where did you temporarily camp on route? Which stratigraphic fairways and tectonic shortcuts did you take? Who in addition facilitated your long voyage. How much weight did you gain (lose), decending from 45 to 16 degrees API and 500-cp, low vanadium and sulphur oil ?  Did you earlier split up with your family, if yes, where are they now located. What was the time schedule  of your voyage? When did you depart and arrive? Do you represent only one generation or multiple generations? As a migrant, from – 5000 m. to -180 m.?

Before obtaining definite shelter. Voyaging from mother’s Canje Formation kitchen deep offshore towards Palaeocene T-sands.

Migration history easily unveiled ??

Following 18 will all give you a geologically democratic, interesting and most valid answer. The convincing answer. Part of…

Accompanied by splendid migration maps and traffic arrows, indicating the petroleum where to walk. Like a Tom Tom Navigator. Authentic geo-art using all the colours of the rainbow, to make migration and accumulation visually more pleasant.

BasinMod1D, BasinMod 2D, BasinMod3D, MigriX, IFE-MIG3D-BAS, ZetaWare Trinity, PetroMod, Temis2D, Temis3D, TemisFlow, CougarFlow, OilTracers, Charge Risk, Gussow fill-spill, In-Reservoir Alteration, Biodegradation, Biomarkers etc. etc..

Of course.

Do not forget to analyse why the provided pre-drill “truth” unfortunately proved to be “false”, post-drill and post-mortem.

After drilling the bone and astonishing bone dry, some 200 million US$ hole(s). Without a single ppm of petroleum. The mud loggers, mud logging unit and gas chromatograph had a most boring and lousy time on the rig. Such as in…..guess yourself which one(s).

Post-Mortem ?

Where myself I was happy to learn the best lessons in my career. This as I have been in charge of having to write and present them for more than a decade. A close look in the mirror. R.I.P’s. This time without make-up, without tricks and treats.

” High impact discovery well to-be ” ?

B. Discovered by accident while prospecting for water (….very sorry about that grotesque mistake….).

C. Carrying out a water-drilling project to supply water to a nearby school and village (….our sincere excuses…but…unfortunately we found a giant oilfield….instead of the clean and abundant water we promised you all for your little cozy school in Tambaredjo village).

D. I am in production since 1982. About 115 MMbo produced from 3 oil fields, 87 MMbo remaining reserves, 17,000 bopd production currently.

E. I do have an intrinsic preference for structural basement highs and additional structural elements. The Calcutta Uplift and the E-W Tambaredjo, NE-SW Broederschap, NE-SW Weg near Zee major fault systems. Basement-rooted (and Cretaceous-post-Albian inversion originated) faults that terminate in the Eocene and Miocene.

Tambaredjo Giant Field & Bakhuis High
Tambaredjo Giant Field & Bakhuis High

F. In the offshore area, such as Block 45 ? Find out by yourself. I do not reveal all my secrets so easily. (P.D. @ June 2018: Anapai well, Block 45, P&A).

I am hard-to-get.

Exploration tip and discovery moral ??

So now and then, dare to drill pro-actively for water, if you wish to find oil (elephants).

As a matter of fact one most often pro-actively explores for oil, and finds only water (euphemistically called “technical discovery wells”, the proof for existence of reservoir rocks).

Birth of its second and third giant fields was announced by the arrival of Guyanese twin-sisters Liza and Payara. In 2015 and 2017.

The continuing story will most certainly involve many, many more giant discoveries in the near future?

Suriname offshore license map - may 2018
Suriname offshore license map – may 2018

Prospects abound in both locations, offshore Guyana and Suriname, but a big question that remains in the discussion is how far the prospectivity of the Guyana-Suriname Basin extends across the border into Suriname.

Note at May 30, 2018: Please see my updated blog on Anapai-1A well in Chapter Petroleum Exploration, Blog 27. This blog is from 1 may 2018.

Present Anapai-1 well (Lower Cretaceous fan prospect) spudded beginning of April 2018, by Kosmos/Hess in Block 45, is rather low profile and without bold predictions in the press.

The first ” main ” discovery offshore Suriname? Hopefully, could very well be, a prospect on the west flank of the Demerara High, fingers XX.

The SE-NW seismic cross section very well illustrates the types of play that can be expected, as in Block 45. Such as the Lower Cretacous fans, that were mainly fed by the eastern area, now occupied by the Demerara High. They are fragmented by the west dipping, gravitational fault blocks on the west flank of the Demerara High. Making it structural traps with an important stratigraphic fan element.

Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron - Anapai 1 well - april 2018
Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron – Anapai 1 well – april 2018
Offshore Suriname - SW-NE section - from Demerara High to deep offshore - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – SW-NE section – from Demerara High to deep offshore – Playtypes – Taken from Staatsolie website
Offshore Suriname - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – Playtypes

Suriname nearshore potential.

The potential for Suriname is significant according to Tom Ketele, nearshore drilling project manager for Staatsolie. The country, with more than 30 years of onshore production, has onshore crude reserves to sustain it for the next 15 years, he said. By developing its ultra-shallow nearshore resource potential, the country will be able to extend those reserves significantly.

Staatsolie has identified and ranked 15 prospects, some stacked, in water depths of 5 m to 30 m offshore. The company has plans to drill a 10-well exploratory campaign from April 2019 to December 2019, he said.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !