31. Gazprom Profit 2017

31. Gazprom Profit 2017

Explorer? www.mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com
Марсел Чин-А-Лин – нефтяной геолог

Gazprom, Газпром has lost a quarter.

In 2017, Газпром’ net profit declined by 25% (!) to 714 billion, the firm said today in the report in accordance with IFRS.
Revenue from gas sales increased by 7% to 6.5 trillion rubles.
Net debt by 24% to RB 2.4 trillion.

Net profit of ” Gazprom”, the benchmark for dividend payment.
In mid-April the management Board recommended a dividend at the level of 2016 and 8.04 roubles per share.
I.e. payments can be sent to 190 billion rubles.

It turns out Gazprom can return to shareholders almost 27% in net profit.

Re.: Ведомости, 27 Апреля 2018, by Галина Старинская –
Original text in the beautiful Russian language of Фёлор Михайлович Достоевский and Маяковский.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017
Gazprom 2017

 

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

Deep sea mining - Solwara project - Nautilus - Pacific - Bismarck Sea
Deep sea mining – Solwara project – Nautilus – Pacific – Bismarck Sea

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

The Extended Continental Shelf of Suriname was approved by the UN UNCLOS Commission on 17 March 2011.

This means that this whole area could now be explored for lucrative deep sea mining. Underwater mining has been touted as the new frontier for the resources industry.

The following represents solely my own ideas and musings on this subject, as an independant explorationist and business developer of resources.

Deep sea mining is a relatively new mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean floor. Ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1,400 to 3,700 metres below the ocean’s surface.The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold, copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc.

Among other kinds of mineral deposits found on the sea bed, the most extensive are potato- sized nodules containing high concentrations of phosphates or manganese oxide. Phosphate nodules are generally found on continental shelves, where they are formed by the chemical precipitation of phosphate at the sediment- water interface. Manganese nodules, on the other hand, usually occur at the bottom of deep oceans, particularly the central Pacific and Indian oceans. These nodules typically contain about 25% manganese, 15% iron, up to 2% each of nickel and copper as well as high concentrations of cobalt.

The Extended Continental Shelf area of Suriname does have the geological setting and potential for containing these metal-rich massive sulfude deposits. Both extinct as well as active deposits related with hydrothermal vents. This given the fact that this area consists of mainly oceanic crust. With a continual and steady development history of seafloor spreading and ocean crust formation that is still going on. With right lateral shearing and fracturing, along major strike slip zones (Guinea Fracture Zone), where the possible deposits could be located. Since Upper Cenomanian time, since 100 million years ago.

The northern limit of the Demerara Rise is defined by a major transcurrent fault. From here on the transition from continental to oceanic crust is very dramatic and evolves within a short distance. It is one of the few and really unique places on earth where this transition occurs in such a short distance.

Deep sea mining therefore does have as a clear potential in this oceanic crust domain. It is worthed to be considered and could contribute substantially to the diversify the economy and to increase the GDP of Suriname in the future. It represents a very valuable possible offshore “green and renewable asset ”. In line with the lineaments of the Paris Accord 2015, if properly executed….

In my humble explorationists vision it offers Suriname a unique opportunity that is relatively simple to perform.

To further explore, to harvest and eventually to reap monetary benefits from these natural riches. Up to now this opportunity has been overlooked by the country policy makers and influencers. As far as I know and/or have been able to research, such as on Internet.

Deep sea mining has been in my own mindset since I studied my second specialisation, ore geology. With renowned ore geologist prof. drs. Willem Uiyttenbogaard, at VU Amsterdam and Delft University, MIjnbouwkunde Faculteit in 1975.

Deep Sea Mining - Blue Nodules
Deep Sea Mining – Blue Nodules

Seafloor mining technology is becoming increasingly sophisticated. The latest generation of undersea machines used e.g. to mine diamonds consists of 250-tonne robotic leviathans, such as one manufactured by Marine and Mineral Projects, Cape Town.

The Pacific Island States presently are a role model in this respect. They are actively participating in a deep sea minerals project (SOPAC/SPC). And have already conducted sea floor mapping and sampling programs. Massive sulphide deposits have been discovered that contain localised concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and significant amounts of gold and silver. As well as manganese nodules with notable concentrations of nickel, cobalt. Sometimes together with high concentrations of rare-earth elements.

In 2011 Papua New Guinea became the first country to issue a mining license within its territorial waters.

Nautilus Minerals Inc., a Canadian company has been exploring a deposit since 2005. It projects to built the first submarine mega-mine in the Bismarck Sea. This Solwara project is located at 30 km offshore and targets a hugh deposit of polymetallic sulphur mineral nodules. It intends to recover mainly copper, base metal sulphides gold and silver, at a water depth of 1.600 metres.

Nautilus targeted production rate is approx 1.2-1.6 million tonnes a year. This is just a fraction of what all the sulphur deposits detected along the Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone could yield if mined. As a comparison, total production of onshore mines worldwide was 22.5 million metric tons in 2016. Chile took the top spot again by a long shot with one third.

ISA, issued in 2014 seven underwater mining licenses Three plans of work were approved for the exploration of polymetallic nodules for United Kingdom Seabed Resources, Ocean Mineral Singapore, and the Cook Islands Investment Corporation.

In the Golfo de Ulloa In Baja California. Odyssey Marine Explorations intends to drags 91,000 hectares. To extract 350 million tons of phosphate.

This is a road that Suriname could consider to follow.

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5 – Suriname – Area apt for deepsea mining ? An opportunity.
S.A. - Africa Geotectonic Xsection - Late Cret. - Early Tertiary
S.A. – Africa Geotectonic Xsection – Late Cret. – Early Tertiary -Credit Lijun Liu, feb. 20, 2018, Nature Geoscience – Nature .

Question?

Could the world’s hunger for metals and minerals, and strategies of the states for securing access to them, propel the development of deep sea mining?

Identifying the drivers of a sea minerals industry for Suriname requires within others a global perspective on the demand of metals. An understanding of the forces that influence the mining and minerals industry. And a more regional perspective on the need and opportunity in the surrounding area, particularly the USA, South America and Caribbean. The combined picture is complex, with high levels of uncertainty, due to the dynamic and often interrelated nature of the drivers.

Facts are that the need for copper, manganese and cobalt are rising, this stimulated by the electronic and automation sectors. At the same time the world reserves are diminishing. Large international mining conglomerates are therefore turning their attention to the offshore ocean bottom. ISA has already issued some 30 licenses in the Pacific.

Long-term decreasing metal industry productivity, falling ore grades, and increased costs, combined with increased environmental, social, and cultural expectations for sustainability, creates also for Suriname an opportunity for deep sea minerals as an alternate source of metal supply. Along with reuse and recycling.

The widespread and recognized need for alternative economic development, to overcome poverty and to meet the rising aspirations also applies to many countries in development,

Deepsea mining could very well represent the next gold rush.

An opportunity.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

Post Mortem

I wish to dedicate this post to my dearest friend. My soulmate during our study in Lugdunum Batavorum.

Thanks so much for your sincere and dedicated friendship. Also for always appearing, out of the Blue, when I badly needed help.

Such as in Spain, near Burgos, just after the 6 weeks fieldwork in Cremenes, Cantabria. En route to the Costa Brava, Blanes? Our car accident that involved Jan Willem and myself. When a Spaniard fell asleep and crashed his Fiat 500 almost frontally against my brand new 2CV AK at 5.a.m., mind you.

Suddenly you appeared, like Batman,  together with Herman.

Also for storing and shipping my 40 boxes with books to Curaçao, a task for which nobody wanted to volunteer. Only much later I discovered that you were the hidden benefactor.

Bergi, thank you so much and may the Mighty God Bless you !

…My special prayer… This precious song always reminds me of you. Take care, wherever you may now be !

Some day we will surely meet again. To follow our discussions then  about deep sea mining such as in offshore Suriname. As we did back on our room on the first floor, Garenmarkt 1B, Geologisch Instituut, Leiden.

drs. Ray Bergval, 2017, R.I.P.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymDvV8pmyIg

Percy Sledge, My special prayer.

 

 

29. Reservoir Characterization

29. Reservoir Characterization – 

Geostatistical characterization of reservoirs for optimal field development.

Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 2 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 2 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 3 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 3 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 4 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 4 – MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 5 - MCAL
Reservoir Characterization using geostatistics 5 – MCAL

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

28. Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf

This was the Submission by the Government of the Republic of Suriname, December 5, 2008.

For Establishment of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf of Suriname.

The Extended Continental Shelf of Suriname was approved by the UNCLOS on 17 March 2011.

When serving Staatsolie as a consultant I was privileged to participate and contribute to the successful execution of this important project. As part of an extensive multi-discipline group.

And as a member of the technical G&G advisors staff. During the diplomatic negotiations and deliberations with Guyana and Trinidad & Tobago. Together with the ambassadors and staff, representing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Suriname.

As an explorationist it was an eye opener and most exciting. Realising that such a crucial country issue as extension of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf, in the Suriname case, depended mainly on excellent, high quality and smart geophysical-geological interpretation by the geoscientists. Just a good G&G job. Specifically of the basin evolution and herewith related sediment thickness development in the outer limits offshore area. That’s it.

To a much lesser or almost no degree it was dependant and determined by pure jurisdictional issues and/or transnational political conjectures.

The offshore political boundaries of Suriname with its neighbours have herewith definitely been established and agreed.

Onshore Tigri-New River Triangle area boundaries still have to be agreed.

In my opinion Suriname therefore ranks as the best. As far as absence of political risk and possible force majeur is concerned, related specifically with petroleum exploration within its offshore continental shelf area.

Guyana has an ongoing ” dispute ” with Venezuela, now at the mercy of ICJ, The Hague. Extensive further information on this dispute can be found in my Post nr. 25, Chapter Petroleum Exploration.

Imagine what would nesessarily happen if the boundaries were to be adapted, changed, and detrimental to Guyana (…Transnational petroleum negotiations, settlements, unitizations, repayments of already produced petroleum etc. etc. etc.). Especially the most western area where Ranger – 1 discovery is located could be vulnerable…

French Guyana was so wise to simply ban petroleum exploration. Au revoir, a bientôt ?

Mr. Petroleum. Amen. With a marble cross. R.I.P. This is the Paris Accord 2015 era. C’est ça, simplement, mademoiselle et monsieur.

The outer limit area of Suriname is now also ready for lucrative deep sea mining.

Deep sea mining is a relatively new mineral retrieval process that takes place on the ocean floor. Ocean mining sites are usually around large areas of polymetallic nodules or active and extinct hydrothermal vents at 1,400 to 3,700 metres below the ocean’s surface.The vents create globular or massive sulfide deposits, which contain valuable metals such as silver, gold, copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc.

The Suriname outer limit area obtained does have a good potential for existence of these metal-rich massive sulfude deposits. Both extinct as well as active deposits. This given the fact that this area consists of oceanic crust. With a continual and still ongoing steady development history of seafloor spreading and ocean crust formation. With right lateral shearing and fracturing, along major strike slip major zones, where possible deposits can be located, since Upper Cenomanian time.

The transition from continental to oceanic crust is particularly very dramatic, and within a short distance just north of the Demerara Rise. Along a major transcurrent fault. It is one of the few and unique places on earth where this transition is so fast and obvious.

Deep sea mining therefore does have as a clear potential. It could contribute substantially to the economy and GDP of Suriname in the future. It is a very valuable, offshore “green and renewable asset ” in line with the Paris Accord 2015.

In my humble explorationists vision it offers Suriname a unique opportunity that is relatively simple to execute. To further explore, to harvest and eventually to reap monetary benefits from these natural riches. Unfortunately these are usually overlooked as they are not familiar to most country policy makers.

Deep sea mining has been in my own mindset since I studied my second specialisation, ore geology. With renowned ore geologist prof. drs. Willem Uiyttenbogaard, at VU Amsterdam and Delft University, MIjnbouwkunde Faculteit in 1975.

At present the Pacific Island States are actively participating in a deep sea minerals project (SOPAC/SPC). They have been conducting sea floor mapping and sampling programs. And have indeed discovered massive sulphide deposits, containing localised concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and significant amounts of gold and silver. As well as manganese nodules with notable concentrations of nickel, cobalt, sometimes together with high concentrations of rare-earth elements. In 2011 Papua New Guinea became the first country to issue a mining license within its territorial waters.

A road that Suriname could also follow.

Mi Switi Sranan, vaderland/moederland van mijn grootouders en ouders. What are you waiting for ???

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 1

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 2
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 2

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 3
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 3

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 4
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 4

 

Suriname - Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5
Suriname – Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 5

30. Suriname Deep Sea Mining

33. Suriname Deep Sea Mining – Play Maps

27. Suriname, Block 45, Anapai 1 & 1A wells: P&A.

27. Suriname – Anapai 1 & 1A and Pontoenoe wells – P&A

Update @ 26 June 2018: P&A

Kosmos Energy Update on Exploration Drilling Program Offshore Suriname – DALLAS-Jun. 26, 2018 – Kosmos Energy announced today that it has completed drilling the Anapai-1A exploration well located in Block 45 offshore Suriname.

Anapai-1A was drilled to a total depth of 4,556 meters and was designed to test Lower Cretaceous reservoirs in a structural trap on the flank of the basin. The prospect was fully tested, encountering high quality reservoirs in the targeted zones, but did not find hydrocarbons.

(My insert @ 06/26/18. Post-Mortem: Why bone dry ??

Pls. see my personal pre-drill questions, concerns and musings on Block 45, Anapai well , prospectivty, SR, maturity, migration, trap etc. in this publication).

The well is plugged and abandoned.

Andrew G. Inglis, chairman and chief executive officer : “We are still in the early stages of exploring this newly emerging basin and our forward drilling program remains unchanged given the independent nature of the prospects.

The drillship will proceed as planned in the third quarter to test Pontoenoe, the first of up to three independent prospects in Block 42 offshore Suriname.

Pontoenoe is a similar play type to the Turbot and Longtail discoveries located approximately 70 kilometers to the west in Guyana.

The Pontoenoe prospect, to be spudded mid August 2018, 2 month drilling planned (mid October in target horizon?) is located in Block 42 offshore Suriname, which is believed to be an extension of the petroleum system offshore Guyana. Pontoenoe is a late Cretaceous Liza-type stratigraphic play, Kosmos said. When combined with two other prospects on the block—Aurora and Apetina—the three are prospective for more than 500 MMbbl of resources (Question: each one 500 MMbbl or the 3 together ??).

The company has said it plans to test “multibillion barrel prospectivity” spanning five independent Cretaceous plays (Question: Upper Cretaceous plays, I must assume? Or also again Lower Cretaceous, as failed in Anapai-1). Exploration drilling is expected to continue from 2019 to 2021 in the area.

Update at 10th October 2018:

Kosmos Energy said on Wednesday it was abandoning the Pontoenoe-1 well offshore Suriname after failing to find oil.

This is the second dry well in a row drilled by the company in the Dutch-speaking South American country. The company came up dry in June at the Anapai-1A well in the Block 45.

Kosmos said it encountered high-quality reservoir at Pontoenoe-1 exploration well in Block 42 but the primary exploration objective proved to be water bearing and did not find commercial hydrocarbons.

Commenting on the Pontoenoe result, Kosmos said it believes there was evidence of a working source kitchen and the prospect failed due to a lack of trap.

“The well will now be plugged and abandoned and the well results integrated into the ongoing evaluation of the remaining prospectivity in Kosmos’ acreage position,” the company said.

Anapai-1A well - " Rumble-in-the-Jungle; 21-5-2018
Anapai-1A well – Very serious  ” Rumble-in-the-Jungle @  21-5-2018 “. According to a press release the Anapai-1 well drilling in Block-45 offshore Suriname encountered shallow bore hole stability issues before reaching the target interval (My inserted comment: very strange and unusual; this as the shallow, upper section has/should have been properly cased of long before reaching target depth. Or ” shallow ” meant to indicate, just above the target interval ??). Kosmos and its partner will re-spud the well, Anapai-1A, targeting the same objectives. Some US$ 40 mln spent on Anapai-1. The well design has been reconfigured to address the issues previously encountered. Anapai-1A is expected to spud imminently, and will take approximately 50 to 60 days to drill with results expected early in the third quarter. Other rumour: Uncontrollable circulation losses in fractured/heavily faulted area? Drilled to close to the main fault ?

This blog is on the Anapai-1 well, spudded 4th April 2018, Block 45, offshore Guyana-Suriname basin.

It contains data and figures on Block 45 and its surrounding area petroleum geological habitat that are relevant for this well and prospectivity of the whole area.

Kosmos Energy Suriname - 2018 - Anapai 1 well
Kosmos Energy Suriname – 2018 – Anapai 1 well – Please note that the dear gentleman on the picture is indicating with his left hand and pencil to Block 42 (I assume pointing to next, back-2-back? Pontoenoe prospect). Not to Block 45 where Anapai – 1 well is. Question? Is the well located in the right block? Did they forward the right well coordinates to the drillship? Just occurred to me, don’t mind anyway. Almost happened to ourself in the Netherlands: with well N7-2, by erroneously using a different geographical system….from the competitor firm….We discovered and corrected…just in time…

All figures and data here used are public data on internet.

This represents solely my own interpretation and private opinion as an independant petroleum advisor.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron - Anapai 1 well - april 2018
Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron – Anapai-1 well – spudded april 2018, P&A, June 26, 2018.

Suriname offshore license map – May 2018

Prospects abound in both offshore Guyana and Suriname.

Suriname is looking to get more involved in the offshore space after decades of steady onshore production. Some 109 million bbl of crude oil, generated by the Cenomanian Canje Formation source rock, has been produced onshore from Paleocene and Eocene reservoirs over the last 35 years.

Offshore remains under-explored. Staatsolie, the Suriname national oil company, indicates that 26 exploration wells (all dry holes) have been drilled over a 130,000-km2 area. But only 14 of those wells have been drilled beyond water depths of 20 m.

The big question that remains at this precise moment is how far and geologically how the prospectivity of the basin extends from the recent 9 giant ExxonMobil discoveries across the border into Suriname.

Efforts to prove an extension of the Cretaceous fan play into Suriname have so far proved unsuccessful.

Location Guyana ExxonMobil discoveries vs Suriname Licenses
Location Guyana, Stabroek Block,  ExxonMobil discoveries vs Suriname Licenses. Still 18 prospects left in Stabroek Block. In Suriname offshore, Block 58 of Apache, offers the best posibility to become the eastward extension of the “ Guyana Basin Golden Lane “. From the now unveiling petroleum habitat,  subsurface setting and geographical trend of the Golden Lane giant fields?  Suriname Block 42 and Kosmos, Pontonoe-1 well presently drliing, in this respect certainly do not nicely line up with the discovered fields. Fingers xx.  Block 48 of Apache does line up very well with the discovery trend. And is located within the migration path/area that e.g. the Tambaredjo oils had to follow, from their kitchen area to their final reservoirs.

The last 7 promising wells were all bone and bone dry. Nonetheless the very high expectations also based on de-risking by 3D seismic.(…what about including, de-risking based on sound and realistic petroleum geology…).

1. 2009 Repsol’s well West Tapir-1 (Block 30; Canyon head play, Ologocene/ Eocene target) was a failure and completely dry.

2,3 Murphy, 2 bone dry wells.

Murphy @ Aracari & Caracara wells
Murphy @ Aracari & Caracara wells – Block 37

Murphy plans at June 8, 2007? Drill two exploratory wells and conduct 3D seismic studies over a period of four years in the 8,700-square-kilometer (3,360-square-mile) Block 37 located off the eastern shore of the South American nation.

November 2010, Caracara well, 120 -1,030 mmbl prospect. Good quality reservoir, without oil. But 600m of shales with oil shows above its target geologic section (Questions? Why oil in the 600m thick ” topseal “, and not in the underlying good quality reservoir sands? Is the shale a/the mature source rock?), indicating that the prospect was within the hydrocarbon kitchen area. P&A.

May 2011, Aracari well, 200 – 500 mmbl prospect. A seismic anomaly down dip of the location where the oil shows in Caracara well were encountered. Murphy believed this reduced the seal risk associated with Aracari, as the shale should provide an updipseal for the targeted formation. P&A. (Question? Why was the 600m thick shale sequence not a good enough topseal in Caracara well? Why is it a then by magic a good up dip seal in Aracari well?)

4. 2015, Apache’s Popokai-1 well in Block 58 was a failure (why?).

5. 2017, Apache’s Kolibri-1 exploration well, 129 km off the coast, in Block 53 was deemed non-commercial (“failed to find commercial quantities of oil”, why?).

6. 2017 Tullow in its Araku well in Block 54, did establish the presence of gas condensate (How much? a few ppm’s in the mudlog? was a fluid sample taken/recovered? was the well tested?). But did not (even) find a significant quantity of reservoir rocks.

Tullow, under the PSC, Block 53 has a work program that included 3D seismic, geological surveys, and the drilling of two exploration wells. One to come, pending. (Question? When?).

7. 2018, Kosmos, Anapai-1A is bone dry. Why?

Pre-drill fully de-risked by 3D seismic in addition to clear direct indications for the presence of hydrocarbons. Even with a map of the giant Jubilee field plotted on the larger area of the Araku prospect, to indicate the huge areal extent and high 700 MMb potential. Resulting in a bone dry well, in addition even without enough reservoir rocks.

High potential, high impact and de-risked pre-drill…

Just my own questions and musings?

What happened with the (fake?) direct hydrocarbon indicators on 3D seismic. This as already different wells have been drilled offshore Suriname based on “fake” direct hydrocarbon indicators that were convincing and determinant pre-drill. Hallelujah.

How come so many explorers like to be convinced and cheated deliberately by fake colours? Especially if they line up with a suitable depth contour, such that the hydrocarbon volume promise could amount to some 700 million barrels?

Just because they do not by far understand how and why these colours and these (fake) direct hydrocarbon indicators were generated? How the seismic was acquired, processed, interpreted ?

For example. Two dry holes were drilled based, within others, on direct hydrocarbon indicators. This while the 3D seismic that was acquired even failed to cover the frequency range necessary to allow for direct detection of hydrocarbons. Etc. etc.

Haleluj   ahhh.

Re.: OffshoreEnergyTod ay @ 21 May, 2018
Re.: OffshoreEnergyToday @ 21 May, 2018 – Suriname Blocks 42, 45. Faulted Blocks, Canyon and Deepsea basin floor fan trends. Note that the deeps fans on this map have 3 different canyon feeders. The most western Berbice major canyon up to now has funneled the sands of the 8 giant discoveries. It may have distributaries into the Suriname offshore area, such as in Block 42 (Pontonoe prospect?) The 2 eastern canyons, Corantijn and Coppename canyons?, have funneled most of the sands for the offshore Suriname canyon head deposits and deep basin floor fans. The Apetina and Aurora trends in offshore Suriname may have been sourced by a combination of these three canyons.

Kosmos is expected to turn its attention next to either Aurora or Apetina deepsea, basinfloor fan trends, ” Liza analogs”, Pontoenoe prospect Block 42.

The geological setting and petroleum habitat of this Block 45 area is different from the setting of the last giant, mainly deepwater fan discoveries in Guyana. Therefore expectations on the prospectivity can not be extrapolated just 1-on-1 as many suggest for their own convenience. But should be considered in a much more nuanced geological way.

 

Guyana - Berbice Canyon and Basin Plain - Gustavson Associates 2008 - Fig 4-9 - MCAL
Guyana – Berbice Canyon and Basin Plain – from Gustavson Associates 2008 – Fig 4-9 – MCAL – This is the geological setting of offshore Guyana, the petroleum habitat and playtypes. And of ExxonMobil 8 giant field discoveries (except Ranger-1 discovery. A carbonate buildup/reef, on the Cretaceous shelf edge. Apparently developed on top of an extinct Jurassic, “basement”  volcano? This based on a short comment on Linked by a Hess exploration manager, shortly after the discovery.
Cretaceous carbonates - USGS
Cretaceous carbonates – USGS
Guyana Basin - Basement & Cretaceous Shelf Edges
Guyana Basin – Basement & Cretaceous Shelf Edges. Exploration tip! Please compare the position of Ranger-1  carbonate build-up discovery with respect to the position of both Basement and Cretaceous shelf edges. Places where carbonate build-ups could preferentially develop.
Offshore Guyana Fans
Offshore Guyana Fans – Sediment provenance area, mainly from southern Guyana Shield hinterland (such as recycled & offshore redeposited Roraima Fm. sediments)

For example.

Provenance area of the Lower Cretaceous reservoir sands is much different around the Demerara High greater area, in comparison with offshore Guyana, in the area of the giant discoveries. Thus also existence (or not), distribution and related reservoir properties of the sands may / will be much different.

The Lower Cretacous sediments around the Demerara High are mainly a relict of a major Aptian-Albian river delta system. This river-delta system existed when the Suriname-French Guyana area was still attached to the Sierra Leon-Guinea, NW Africa area:

Demerara and Guinea Plateau’s.

Mid Cretaceous Geographical Map
Mid Cretaceous Geographical Map

It had its causeway in the area in the middle, between both, ran from SE towards NW. In fact it was the incipient rift valley where later the full mid-oceanic rift of the Atlantic developed, that separated Sierra Leone area from Demerara High area. It transported and drained a large part of the sediments of the then connected northern South America-Africa area. This ancient river may have been of the size of the present day Amazone river as it transported a large part of the eroded sediments of the ” northern South America – NW Africa ” cratonic area, in Lower /Middle Cretaceous time. It debouched in the Demerara and Guinea plateau coastal and shelf area. With (not yet indicated and localised) turbidite and deepsea fan deposits in the developing Thetys ocean. Such as in the area that now represents the deeper, distal parts of Suriname offshore.

This delta system, together with the underlying Jurassic and older rocks (Permian? Carboniferous?) were severely uplifted, folded as a giant anticline during the compression/collision (and counterclockwise movement) of NW Africa’s hinge against Suriname-French Guyana. During the Cenomanian. Therefore the Demerara High represented a hugh high or mountain (up to some 3-4 km). A main part has been eroded, probably already simultaneously during its uplift. Exposing Lower Cretaceous, and almost even Jurassic rocks, that were unconformably overlain by Tertiary sediments (well A2-1 area).

A2-1 well - Demerara High
A2-1 well – Demerara High

Provenance of the Lower Cretaceous sediments in offshore Guyana (giant fields area) is much different, most probaby from the south. From the eroded Guyana craton in the hinterland.

Suriname offshore - Playmap - Staatsolie Vision 2020
Suriname offshore – Playmap – Staatsolie Vision 2020

Present Anapai-1 well (fault block prospect that incorporates Lower Cretaceous delta fans) spudded beginning of April 2018, by Kosmos/Hess in Block 45, has a rather low profile in the press, without bold predictions. Little published information can be found on internet.

(PD @ May 21, 2018: Anapai-1 P&A; Anapai-1A to be drilled; @June 26, 2018:P&A.)

The prospect sits in 1,500m of water and is targeting gross unrisked resources of 700mmbbls in a Lower Cretaceous structural/stratigraphic trap. It was selected to be drilled first since it was the most mature in the company’s portfolio and so drill ready. The company has modelled Anapai as being fed by a feeder system from the east, and so a different system to that seen in Liza (My note: Lower Cretaceous, Aptian-Albian delta-fluvial sediments present around Demerara High are a completely different story from Liza. Provenance areas are different ones). The key risk is considered to be the trap, due to the combination stratigraphic element of the prospect.

Kosmos contracted the Ultra Deepwater Drillship ENSCO DS-12 (formerly Atwood Achiever) to execute this Drilling Operation. It is a fully equipped modern drilling vessel (2013) with accommodation for approximately 200 crew and onboard oil and gas personnel. It can drill in water depths above 3000 meters and drilling depths up to 12.000 meters.

IMG_5395 - Ensco DS 12 Drillship
IMG_5395 – Ensco DS 12 Drillship

Hopefully it will be the first ” major ” discovery offshore ?

It is a prospect in Block 45 located on the west flank of the Demerara High.

Offshore Suriname - SW-NE section - from Demerara High to deep offshore - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – SW-NE section running from Demerara High to deep offshore – This section runs somewhat NE of Block 45′ Anapai-1 prospect. Illustrates the Playtypes in this area – figure taken from Staatsolie website.

This SE-NW seismic cross section very well illustrates the types of play that can be expected, as in Block 45.

Such as the Lower Cretacous fans, that were mainly fed by the eastern area, now occupied by the Demerara High. They are fragmented by the west dipping, gravitational fault blocks on the west flank of the Demerara High. Making it structural traps with inside an important stratigraphic fan reservoir element. Such as Anapai-1.

Offshore Suriname - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – Playtypes – taken from website Staatsolie

 

Suriname offshore - Oil kitchen area - Cenomanian Canje SR Formation
Suriname offshore – Oil kitchen area – Cenomanian Canje SR Formation – Note the (un?)  favourable position of Block 45 area with respect to (possible) feeder kitchen area. Of oil and mainly gas. – Interpretation 1. Question: which map is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Cenomanian SR - Interpretation 2
Cenomanian SR – Interpretation 2 – Question : which map is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Geoexploration musings.
Just a minor Question, though?

If you were Mr./Mrs. Oil & Gas.

Just leaving your cozy mother source rock (Jurassic? proven Upper Cretaceous Canje Fm. located stratigraphically higher, on top of the target interval? Lower Cretaceous, Aptian-Albian?) behind and closing the door. When and where?? Where would you preferentially stroll to/migrate to find a suitable updip save house. Towards advertised Block 45 and Anapai -1 ???

As so dearly suggested by the Kosmos & Hess super smart geoscientists, nervous investors and shareholders that want to add sustainable value and big money?

(FYI: @ May 6, 2018: Kosmos Energy had a negative net margin of 34.98% and a negative return on equity of 12.49%. The company’s revenue for the quarter was down 11.3% compared to the same quarter last year. During the same quarter in the prior year, the firm posted ($0.01) EPS.

Kosmos Energy stock opened at $6.89 on Friday. Kosmos Energy has a 52-week low of $5.15 and a 52-week high of $8.62. The company has a debt-to-equity ratio of 1.43, a current ratio of 1.24 and a quick ratio of 1.08.

Kosmos Energy shares fall as first quarter dented by crude derivatives – 2018-05-08).

Would you deliberately go to find shelter in these ” NE S.A.-NW Africa-derived Lower Cretaceous fluvio-deltaic sediments ” (fans??? sands? shaly sands/sandy shales ?? shales???).

In a gravitational faulted block? On the flank of the Demerara High?

How do you get in it, how do you unlock the door to enter in the fault block anyway. Anyhow, would you? Or do you first enter sneaky, and when your shelter is full, you just safely close the front and back doors. And when? Are your walls and roof leakproof, by the way ? To wait patiently a few million years (how many exactly?) for Ensco DS 12 and Kosmos/Hess ?? To release you. To be produced, stored and unloaded in an offshore Suriname FPSO ?

Or would you take another simpler route and bypass as maybe suggested by your own updated buoyancy-driven Subsurface Navigator?

Which highway or secondary road would you then follow ? Were they open (…or closed) for save and unhindered travel leisure? Did you check all these points. Can you just draw it quickly by hand, on blank paper, in a few successive 3-D diagrams (no, no fancy computer generated diagrams this time)?

In a few weeks we will know the choice of Mr.Oil & Mrs.Gas. The final verdict. And for free, in the press, simply on internet, just in the early summer morning sun next July. Oil, gas or water ? All together ? Reservoir rock, yes or no? No, no fake news.

For this moment, faîtes vos jeux, chère madame et monsieur, salut ! And keep fingers XXXX. Hope-Fully, Fully-Hoped.

Success, for the country of my dear ancestors where part of my roots are located.

P.D. @ June 25, 2018: P&A. Reason: Mr & Mrs Oil & Gas did not show up. Why? Simply never came this way and/or knocked on Anapai’s door? Entered for a while, then escaped through the leaking roof and walls and moved on updip, where it is now sitting? Took another simple route? Bypassed, following its own buoyany Subsurface Navigator? Post Mortem.

Success

(…wanted to write success in Sranan Tongo. But…I could not find the translation of this word from Dutch to Sranan Tongo in my Wortubuku fu Sranan Tongo.

Slechts aiti wortus die met su… beginnen, mi boi.

Mi no kan feni na wortu disi srefsrefi. Someni mi suku. Not even in Google Translator. Gosh, Sranan Tongo is niet eens vertegenwoordigd tussen de 99 talen in Google translator. Zie ik tot mijn grote zzchrik. Proposal, wellicht spoedig toevoegen als taal nummer 100 in Google translator.

Zimpelwegg. Bestaat dit woord of deze uitdrukking en dit fenomeen overigens daaan nogg niett in het Zurenaamzzs mi gudu, mijn lieve tante Kaatje. En waaaaromm noggg niet. Explain me s.v.p. tanta, ferteri mi na tori disi, san meki, mi srefi ne verstan. Mi e begi yu tangitangi, ai baja? Pls. tell me the translation, many thx in advance. Tan bun).

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

Albian L.Cret. S.R.
Albian L.Cret. S.R. – Note that Albian Sr could contribute importantly to the petroleum system NW of Demerara High. A very prolific, very high TOC, and thick interval was encountered in the DSOP wells drilled on the NW corner of DH.
Suriname offshore - inferred Jurassic SR - Kitchen area
Suriname offshore – inferred Jurassic SR – Kitchen area – Jurassic SR derived petroleum may form (an important?) part of the petroleum system(s) of both onshore and offshore Suriname. Jurassic derived oils, identified based on biomarkers, have been found onshore. – Interpretation 1. Question: which is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.
Callovian JR SR
Callovian JR SR – Interpretation 2. Question: which interpretation is right, 1 or 2? Faîtes vos jeux.

 

Suriname offshore license map - may 2018
Suriname offshore license map – may 2018 – published on internet.

BLOCKS 42 AND 45
Kosmos holds a 33% working interest in Block 42 and a 50% working interest in Block 45 offshore Suriname.

We signed a joint exploration agreement with Chevron in mid-2012 joining our expertise with Chevron’s industry-leading technologies to accelerate exploration. In 2016, Kosmos entered into a farm-out agreement with Hess covering Block 42.

KEY STATS – Block 42 – LICENSE ACQUIRED:2011 – PARTICIPATING INTEREST:33%, operated – LOCATION:Suriname-Guyana basin, Northeast South America -SIZE:6,176 square kilometers -WATER DEPTH:1,800 – 2,700 meters -Block 45 -LICENSE ACQUIRED:2011 -PARTICIPATING INTEREST:50%, operated -LOCATION:Suriname-Guyana basin, Northeast South America -SIZE:5,126 square kilometers -WATER DEPTH:200 – 2,000 meters

Kosmos Energy Finalizes Suriname Farm-Out with Hess Corporation
05/03/16 – Kosmos signs farm-out agreement covering Suriname Block 42

DALLAS–(BUSINESS WIRE)–May 3, 2016– Kosmos Energy (NYSE: KOS) announced today that it has entered into a farm-out agreement with Hess Suriname Exploration Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Hess Corporation (NYSE: HES), covering the Block 42 contract area offshore Suriname. Under the terms of the agreement, Hess will acquire a one-third non-operated interest in the Block 42 contract area from both Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) and Kosmos. As part of the agreement, Hess will fully fund the cost of a 6,500 square kilometer 3D seismic survey, subject to an agreed maximum limit, inclusive of Hess’ share, expected to commence in the third quarter of 2016. Additionally, Hess will disproportionately fund a portion of the first exploration well in the Block 42 area, subject to an agreed maximum limit, inclusive of Hess’ share, contingent upon the partnership entering the next phase of the exploration period. The agreement is subject to certain customary closing conditions.

Upon closing of the transaction, the interests in the Block 42 contract area will be as follows:

Kosmos: 33.33% (Operator); Chevron 33.33%; Hess 33.33%

Kosmos has held rights to conduct exploration in the Block 42 and Block 45 contract areas since 2011 under production sharing contracts with the Government of Suriname. The blocks are contiguous and cover more than 11,000 square kilometers.

Suriname Nearshore Potential.

The potential for Suriname is significant according to Tom Ketele, nearshore drilling project manager for Staatsolie. The country, with more than 30 years of onshore production, has onshore crude reserves to sustain it for the next 15 years, he said. By developing its ultra-shallow nearshore resource potential, the country will be able to extend those reserves significantly.

Staatsolie has identified and ranked 15 prospects, some stacked, in water depths of 5 m to 30 m offshore. The company has plans to drill a 10-well exploratory campaign from April 2019 to December 2019, he said.

Nearshore Bl. 4 - Leads & Prospects
Nearshore Bl. 4 – Leads & Prospects.

Just a few personal musings.

Where are the structural depth maps, sand distribution, isopachs, isoliths maps and log correlations of these leads and prospects? Are they only coloured blobs on the map, for this specific purpose? How many acres/feet do they cover? GOR? Reservoir pressure? How many barrels potential do they have? Some 20 million bbls.? Of heavy oil ? How many wells to drill to recover some 15%? Any horizontal wells? How thick are these non-consolidated sands/shaly sands/sandy shales ? How many (un-manned)production platforms? How much already sunk costs? How much future Capex-Opex involved?

Still profitable ?????

Near shore drill rig - Example
Near shore drill rig – Example, that would suit nearshore exploration.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

26. Guyana Basin: How to find a giant oil field by exploring for water.

26. Guyana Basin: How to find a giant oil field by exploring for water. V.010518

The Guyana Basin has become both ” cool ” and hot since the 2015 Liza discovery offshore.

Based on the unique petroleum system(s) in the Guyana Basin one can only be convinced that the Guyana Basin is an awakening oil giant.

In 1965 the first giant field was already found onshore, the Tambaredjo field.

Not noticed by a majority of explorers.

Fifty years later in 2015 followed by the recent giant elephant discoveries of ExxonMobil in nearby Guyana.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

” Birth Announcement ” of a Massive Oil Region: on behalf of ” Guyana Basin “.

http://emg.geoscienceworld.org/content/8/1-2
Birth Tambaredjo Giant Field – Taken from Th.E.Wong et al. p. 383, 1998 – MCAL

In 1965 Guyana Basin proudly announced the birth of its first giant field (unnoticed by the majority of explorers) in onshore Suriname:

Name: Tambaredjo.

Weight: Billion barrel oil field

Father: Geological and Mining Service, GMD (ir. Hugo Coleridge, discoverer). Paleocene, Saramacca Fm. sands at a depth of 150 – 425 metres. Also in Miocene, Coesewijne Fm. sands.

Mother: Canje Formation, U-Cretaceous, Cenomanian source rock (extended Tethys Ocean, Continental Margin family of La Luna, Querecual and Naparima Hill formations).

Place: Tambaredjo, Calcutta, Saramacca district, Suriname.

Time: 13 October, 1965.

Details:

A. Tambaredjo oil is not lazy or obtuse at all.

The newly born and expelled petroleum at a young age already managed to travel (migrate) all alone. Using only its genetic buoyancy instinct. As navigator in the dark, unknown subsurface.

Covering a super long distance (ca. 200 km – ” Olympic Gold Medal, Neogene-Super Long-Distance-Subsurface-Walking “) while pro-actively searching for a suitable home (reservoir). That could provide a safe, leakproof roof (Paleocene shale) and spacious, interconnected pores as confortable habitat. Finally well-received in the fluvial-deltaic Palaeocene T-sands and Miocene Coesewijne, in the most up-dip part of the basin.

Suriname - Source: SOM & Austinbridgeporth FIG. 9 - MCAL

Suriname – ” Tambaredjo giant field: Welcome to my place, this is where I live, this is my cozy petroleum habitat ” – Source & credit: SOM & Austinbridgeporth FIG. 9 – MCAL – http://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2016/10/suriname-new-technology-unlocks-hydrocarbon-potential

Onshore, Tambaredjo?

The ultimate spot, where nowadays one would dare to wildcat with a first oil well in the prolific Guyana Basin. As a most sophisticated and learned digital explorationist. With all the present day information available on the workstation.

A most adventurous migration history, still unlocked and untold by Mr. Tambaredjo.

When and who did you visit since you left the kitchen of mother Canje Fm.? Where did you temporarily camp on route? Which stratigraphic fairways and tectonic shortcuts did you take? Who in addition facilitated your long voyage. How much weight did you gain (lose), decending from 45 to 16 degrees API and 500-cp, low vanadium and sulphur oil ?  Did you earlier split up with your family, if yes, where are they now located. What was the time schedule  of your voyage? When did you depart and arrive? Do you represent only one generation or multiple generations? As a migrant, from – 5000 m. to -180 m.?

Before obtaining definite shelter. Voyaging from mother’s Canje Formation kitchen deep offshore towards Palaeocene T-sands.

Migration history easily unveiled ??

Following 18 will all give you a geologically democratic, interesting and most valid answer. The convincing answer. Part of…

Accompanied by splendid migration maps and traffic arrows, indicating the petroleum where to walk. Like a Tom Tom Navigator. Authentic geo-art using all the colours of the rainbow, to make migration and accumulation visually more pleasant.

BasinMod1D, BasinMod 2D, BasinMod3D, MigriX, IFE-MIG3D-BAS, ZetaWare Trinity, PetroMod, Temis2D, Temis3D, TemisFlow, CougarFlow, OilTracers, Charge Risk, Gussow fill-spill, In-Reservoir Alteration, Biodegradation, Biomarkers etc. etc..

Of course.

Do not forget to analyse why the provided pre-drill “truth” unfortunately proved to be “false”, post-drill and post-mortem.

After drilling the bone and astonishing bone dry, some 200 million US$ hole(s). Without a single ppm of petroleum. The mud loggers, mud logging unit and gas chromatograph had a most boring and lousy time on the rig. Such as in…..guess yourself which one(s).

Post-Mortem ?

Where myself I was happy to learn the best lessons in my career. This as I have been in charge of having to write and present them for more than a decade. A close look in the mirror. R.I.P’s. This time without make-up, without tricks and treats.

” High impact discovery well to-be ” ?

B. Discovered by accident while prospecting for water (….very sorry about that grotesque mistake….).

C. Carrying out a water-drilling project to supply water to a nearby school and village (….our sincere excuses…but…unfortunately we found a giant oilfield….instead of the clean and abundant water we promised you all for your little cozy school in Tambaredjo village).

D. I am in production since 1982. About 115 MMbo produced from 3 oil fields, 87 MMbo remaining reserves, 17,000 bopd production currently.

E. I do have an intrinsic preference for structural basement highs and additional structural elements. The Calcutta Uplift and the E-W Tambaredjo, NE-SW Broederschap, NE-SW Weg near Zee major fault systems. Basement-rooted (and Cretaceous-post-Albian inversion originated) faults that terminate in the Eocene and Miocene.

Tambaredjo Giant Field & Bakhuis High
Tambaredjo Giant Field & Bakhuis High

F. In the offshore area, such as Block 45 ? Find out by yourself. I do not reveal all my secrets so easily. (P.D. @ June 2018: Anapai well, Block 45, P&A).

I am hard-to-get.

Exploration tip and discovery moral ??

So now and then, dare to drill pro-actively for water, if you wish to find oil (elephants).

As a matter of fact one most often pro-actively explores for oil, and finds only water (euphemistically called “technical discovery wells”, the proof for existence of reservoir rocks).

Birth of its second and third giant fields was announced by the arrival of Guyanese twin-sisters Liza and Payara. In 2015 and 2017.

The continuing story will most certainly involve many, many more giant discoveries in the near future?

Suriname offshore license map - may 2018
Suriname offshore license map – may 2018

Prospects abound in both locations, offshore Guyana and Suriname, but a big question that remains in the discussion is how far the prospectivity of the Guyana-Suriname Basin extends across the border into Suriname.

Note at May 30, 2018: Please see my updated blog on Anapai-1A well in Chapter Petroleum Exploration, Blog 27. This blog is from 1 may 2018.

Present Anapai-1 well (Lower Cretaceous fan prospect) spudded beginning of April 2018, by Kosmos/Hess in Block 45, is rather low profile and without bold predictions in the press.

The first ” main ” discovery offshore Suriname? Hopefully, could very well be, a prospect on the west flank of the Demerara High, fingers XX.

The SE-NW seismic cross section very well illustrates the types of play that can be expected, as in Block 45. Such as the Lower Cretacous fans, that were mainly fed by the eastern area, now occupied by the Demerara High. They are fragmented by the west dipping, gravitational fault blocks on the west flank of the Demerara High. Making it structural traps with an important stratigraphic fan element.

Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron - Anapai 1 well - april 2018
Block 45 Kosmos/Chevron – Anapai 1 well – april 2018
Offshore Suriname - SW-NE section - from Demerara High to deep offshore - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – SW-NE section – from Demerara High to deep offshore – Playtypes – Taken from Staatsolie website
Offshore Suriname - Playtypes
Offshore Suriname – Playtypes

Suriname nearshore potential.

The potential for Suriname is significant according to Tom Ketele, nearshore drilling project manager for Staatsolie. The country, with more than 30 years of onshore production, has onshore crude reserves to sustain it for the next 15 years, he said. By developing its ultra-shallow nearshore resource potential, the country will be able to extend those reserves significantly.

Staatsolie has identified and ranked 15 prospects, some stacked, in water depths of 5 m to 30 m offshore. The company has plans to drill a 10-well exploratory campaign from April 2019 to December 2019, he said.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

25. Guyana file application against Venezuela

25. Guyana files application against Venezuela – V27.06.18

Contents (15)

Introduction

This post contains references to a few essential and very interesting historical documents. These serve for a thoughtful understanding of this application and controversy in the light of its historical background.

For myself principally, to find the mere facts and to be able to have my own opinion on this important issue, as an independant, imparcial petroleum and business consultant.

Maybe as well as for all those somehow involved and interested in Guyana, its varied history, petroleum and gold exploration and production? Such as…

Explorationists and avid followers that are now finally discovering where Guyana and the prolific Guyana basin is located on this globe. Already 50 years after the first Tambaredjo giant field discovery (see: Petroleum Exploration, Post nr. 4). And 420 years after Sir Walter Raleigh became the ” discoverer ” of Guyana. By searching for El Dorado in the deep jungle.

Investors, mighty IMF and World Bank executives, business, commercial developers, portfolio and business-project-intelligence specialists and managers, real estate agencies and speculants, (corporate)strategists, process-pricing-operations specialists, lawyers, PSC negotiators, bankers, hotel builders, airliners, the-full-gamut-of-entrepreneurs, any-kind-of-clever-consultants-wishing-2-make-lots-of money ?

Black gold rushers, bounty seekers, wheeler dealers, rum runners, would-like-2-be-millionaires, the-get-rich-quick, desperados, opportunists, circus clowns, ware houses, whore houses, adult clubs, offshore buccaneers and privateers, story tellers etc.? It sure is an integral part of the folclore in the gold and blackgold rushes that I have experienced and know of.

In the late seventies of last century, I had the great privilige to start my geology career in beautiful Caracas, la Venezuela saudita. I was most fortunate to spent an extended period in this exhuberant country. As such I had the splendid opportunity to live, share, integrate, enjoy. To develop professionally. Herewith to contribute substantially to the progress of Venezuela. Such as with participation in important giant petroleum discoveries, in Maracaibo, Ceuta field and Orinoco, Hamaca area and basins, with applied research and international publications. ” Chinito, eres un Venezolano re-encauchado “, my friends soon used to joke amiable.

When I arrived in ” La Sucursal del Cielo ” I immediately bought one of the excellent road & geographical maps of Venezuela. These could be acquired cheap for 1 Bolívar in any gasoline station of the oil firms as Maraven, Lagoven, Corpoven, Meneven etc.

What struck me from the very first moment was the immense cross-hatched area in the east, indicated as ” Zona en Reclamación “. The ” controversy area “: The west Essequibo area. About half the area of Guyana. 159,500 Square km or about 4 times the size of the Netherlands.

Since then I have been interested in this subject, continually read the publications and have discussed it with many people and colleagues in Venezuela.

This post represents my personal attempt and private opinion, in studying and in trying to understand the full background and details of this old controversy. I wish to share this with you.

Caracas - Avila Mountain seen from Country Club
Caracas – Avila Mountain seen from Country Club – from a famous Venezuelan painter – Own collection . This is the view of the Avila mountain. A so-called Avila painting. As we wished to take a tangible piece with a personal commemoration along with us of this iconic mountain and of Caracas we acquired this superb (200 x 100 cm) painting. Now it is our permanent Avila Mountain “window view”. We have it hanging on the main wall of our sleeping room.

Venezuela and Caracas ?

“If you are lucky enough to have lived in Caracas as a young man ? Then wherever you go for the rest of your life, it stays with you. For Caracas is a moveable feast.”

Precious and dear memories of my/our period in la ” Sucursal del Cielo ” (…then) very much resembles the atmosphere as magnificently described in ” A moveable feast ” by Ernest Hemingway. The Nobel Prize winner literature describing his time spent as an expatriate in la Ville Lumière. The last of his 21 chapters ?  ” There is Never Any End to Paris “.

Caracas and Venezuela ?

A moveable feast in many aspects. An exiting and educational extensive rollercoaster ride and life (style) experience, both in the subsurface gold mines and on the surface. The always happy and candid people, friends, colleagues. Swinging tropical music, musica llanera, salsa, gaita, with spring temperatures. Excellent food, busy restaurants. With my favourite arepas con carne mechada, empanadas de cazón, pollo a la brasa, parilla de carne, hallaquitas, pargo rojo frito. Polar, rum Caballito Frenado and Diplomático, batidos de guanabana, cafecito con leche, guayoyito etc. etc.

The varied geography, narrow valleys, extensive tropical grassland plains or Llanos; Andean and Caribbean Mountain System mountains, snow on the 4978 m high Pico Bolívar.

Beaches, really stunning, secluded and pristine, pearl white through to gold soft coloured, along the 2800 km Caribbean coastline. Dense jungles and rainforests covering some 54 million hectares. The mighty 2,140 km Orinoco river. Colourful flora and exotic fauna. 115 Majestic, up to 1000 meters high, flat tabletop Roraima mountains or Tepuis of 2 billion years old in the Guyana Highlands hosting the highest 979 meters Angel waterfall.

The interesting and comprehensive geology, ranging from the 4.6 billion years old Proterozoïc of the Guiana Shield to Recent. With almost all textbook sedimentary, plutonic and metamorphic rocks and a whole scala of different major petroleum basins. A bustling and frenetic exploration and production of both petroleum, bauxite, iron, gold and other ore minerals.

An exquisite geoscience-candy-boutique for a fresh explorationist just flying out from his Alma Mater Leiden in The Netherlands, Europe. Avidly embracing his opportunity to explore the world.

Charming, most elegant and toe-to-head fashionable señoritas, about everywhere. Each and every day (…uh, uhh, uhhh, almost though) were a feast. Certainly an adventure with always a big surprise. A setting and exciting atmosphere soaked in optimism and with an inspiring and dynamic progress. Immigrants flocking in from all over the world, especially from Latin America. Searching for a new prosperous future.

Just 60 km north of Venezuela. Curacao or Dushi Korsou, my own birth place and home. Awesome island, ever swimming and sunbathing in the pristine, emerald blue Caribbean sea. Discovered in 1498 by Alonso de Ojeda.

In 1977, four hundred and seventy nine years later, I felt obviously utmost exited, grateful and honoured to have the opportunity to start exploring in Venezuela.

As the very first Curaçao native geologist and explorationist. What a tremendous thrill.

Korsou, also the birthplace in 1782 of admiral Pedro Luis Brión and general Manuel Piar, 1774, important freedom fighters, or Próceres, in the army of Simón Bolivar during the Venezuelan War of Independence. Piar is the official Libertador de Guyana that conceived and executed the conquest of Guyana Province.

Two heroes from Curaçao that gave their own lives to free Gran Colombia from the oppressor Spain. General Piar, Libertador de Guyana, was most unfortunately executed, nonetheless his major contribution to freedom, as erroneously ordered by Simón Bolívar. Without any valid reasons. “ Hoy he derramado mi propia sangre “ Simón Bolívar said in tears after the execution.

Bolivar himself, The Liberator of South America, took refuge on the island of Curaçao after the first stage of the revolt in Venezuela failed in 1812. He and his two sisters arrived penniless and had to rely on the generosity of friends on the island. Lawyer and merchant Mordechai Ricardo lodged them in two houses. The two sisters stayed in the octagonal building by the sea, now a museum. While Bolívar worked an studied in a small house on a hill overlooking the busy harbor of Willemstad.

Nowadays, may 2019, my native Curaçao lodges some 24 thousand refugees from Venezuela. Many escape and arrive in small fisherman ships, helped by professional smugglers.

Venezuela, a paradise in many aspects, also explored by Alexander von Humbolt. Between 1799 and 1804 as part of his extensive Latin American expedition. Where he also climbed the iconic Avila mountain of Caracas with the young poet Andres Bello.

An impressive national hymn, dedicated to the brave people, Gloria al bravo pueblo.

An even so impressive unofficial, second and most curiously danceable national anthem and joropo. Alma Llanera, Soul of the Plains, stating, Yo naci en la ribera del Arauca vibrador etc.

Caracas. A Moveable Feast.

Presently…

Unfortunately, unwillingly and recklessly being forced to mimic Paradise Lost of John Milton.

The last 2 chapters ?

” There is Never Any End to Caracas “.

Followed by, somewhere in the very, very, very far future though:

Paradise Regained, also from John Milton.

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

1) http://www.icj-cij.org/files/case-related/171/171-20180404-PRE-01-00-EN.pdf – April 04, 2018 – Filing of application.

Inserted Note @ June 14, 2018:

I wanted to attend the announced  18th June, 2018 session. Called the ICJ in The Hague to make a seat reservation. But was told that it was cancelled, was not on the agenda and no next date set as yet.

Personal note:

As Venezuela has stated before it does not recognize a ” verdict or solution” by the ICJ on this case. Which makes me think and conclude beforehand that this ICJ ” intervention ” is unfortunately a loss of effort, time and money.

Inserted note at 27 April 2019: Venezuela indeed has notified ICJ that it does not recognize them as mediators. Loss and waste of time and money. In this case the international judges at ICJ have a fruitful time in The Hague, spending (spoiling) valuable time and money in a case that from beforehand was deemed to fail.

Only a F2F, bilateral transnational negotiation, with give-and-take, both-win-win, can lead to a mutually suitable agreement, in my humble opinion. Otherwise it will stay unresolved for an undetermined time (for centuries or for ever, so to say).

” Next June 18th Venezuela has a session to defend its case at the ICJ in the Hague, the Netherlands.

According to Venepress of June 15th, 2018:

” El 18 de junio tendrán que presentarse argumentos sin sesgos ideológicos y con el único fin de preservar los intereses de la nación.

El secretario general de la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU), Antonio Guterres, anunció meses atrás que ante la falta de avances en la disputa entre Venezuela y Guyana por el territorio Esequibo, el caso quedaría en manos de la Corte Internacional de Justicia (CIJ) y el próximo 18 de junio será el primer encuentro.

Durante la cita Venezuela deberá “defender” el derecho del país sobre el Esequibo, con base al Acuerdo de Ginebra de 1966 en búsqueda de una resolución pacífica.

Jorge Luis Fuguett, presidente de la ONG Mi Mapa de Venezuela incluye nuestro Esequibo, explicó a Venepress que Venezuela deberá argumentar su posición ante la CIJ, ya que aún no se han agotado todos los mecanismos del artículo 33, capítulo VI sobre arreglo pacífico de controversias de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas.

“Las partes en una controversia cuya continuación sea susceptible de poner en peligro el mantenimiento de la paz y la seguridad internacionales tratarán de buscarle solución, ante todo, mediante la negociación, la investigación, la mediación, la conciliación, el arbitraje, el arreglo judicial, el recurso a organismos o acuerdos regionales u otros medios pacíficos de su elección. El Consejo de Seguridad, si lo estimare necesario, instará a las partes a que arreglen sus controversias por dichos medios.”, reza el artículo.
En ese sentido, Fuguett explicó que el abogado o grupo de abogados que vaya en representación de Venezuela debe enfocarse en tal punto, ser un conocedor de derecho internacional y manejar a profundidad el tema del Esequibo “.

Contents.

2) http://www.icj-cij.org/en (International Court of Justice website).

3) Personal note and musings.

Possible major future implications and adaptations for e.g. licensed areas petroleum exploration and production and e.g. petroleum already produced, if present day boundaries, inclusive offshore, were to be modified / adapted by ICJ ??

See 6 relevant maps included below.

4) 1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela

5) Guyana and Venezuela in bitter border dispute after oil discovery
A bitter row with Venezuela that goes back over a century and nearly started a war is being taken to the United Nations. By David Connett Saturday 26 September 2015 21:27

6) Essequibo, the Territorial Dispute between Venezuela and Guyana
by D. ZWAAGSTRA on JANUARY 8, 2016 · Peace Palace Library –

7)  An Oil Strike in No Man’s Land
A new oil field near Venezuela could be the miracle Maduro was waiting for. There’s just one problem — it’s in territory claimed by Guyana.- BY DANIEL LANSBERG-RODRÍGUEZ | JUNE 16, 2015, 5:09 PM

8) Guyana-Venezuela: The “controversy” over the arbitral award of 1899
September 11, 2015 COHA essequibo, geneva, great britain, Guyana, Odeen Ishmael, United States, Venezuela, Washington.

9) The Discovery of Guiana by Walter Raleigh – free ebook – 344 KB – Kindle – Gutenberg.

10) Who was Robert Herman Schomburgk ?

11) British Guyana – History – Wkiipedia

12) Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 – Wikipedia

13) Chronology of events – http://agriculture.gov.gy/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/1-2-files-merged-new.pdf

14) 25 Successive maps of Guiana from 1595 to1898: http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/britishguiana.htm

15) https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/el-petróleo-en-la-controversia-territorial-por-gamero-lanz/

16) The Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Arbitration of 1899 – by Clifton J. Child – The American Journal of International Law Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct., 1950), pp. 682-693.

  1. http://www.icj-cij.org/files/case-related/171/171-20180404-PRE-01-00-EN.pdf – April 04, 2018 – Filing of application.

Essequibo Claim 2018 - Georgetown
Essequibo Claim 2018 – Georgetown
Guyana 2018 - El Dorado feeding ourselves - Gold 100 dollars
Guyana 2018 – El Dorado feeding ourselves – Gold 100 dollars

2) http://www.icj-cij.org/en (International Court of Justice website).

3) Personal note and musings.

Possible major future implications and adaptations for e.g. licensed areas petroleum exploration and production and e.g. petroleum already produced, if present day boundaries, inclusive offshore, were to be modified / adapted by ICJ ??

See 5 relevant maps included below.

Offshore Licences vs Claim Area – 6 maps

Guyana - Venezuelan claims
Guyana – Venezuelan claims – Re. J. R. Gamero Lanz, LI, 2019

Offshore Guyana - Venezuela Claims - 2018 - LI
Offshore Guyana – Venezuela Claims – 2018 – LI, JR. Gamero Lanz
Venezuela - Guyana Offshore Map Claim 1
Venezuela – Guyana Offshore Map Claim 1

 

Venezuela - Guyana Offshore Map Claim 2
Venezuela – Guyana Offshore Map Claim 2

 

Venezuela - Guyana Offshore Map Claim 3
Venezuela – Guyana Offshore Map Claim 3

 

Venezuela - Guyana Offshore Map Claim 4
Venezuela – Guyana Offshore Map Claim 4

 

Venezuela - Guyana Offshore Map Claim 3
Venezuela – Guyana Offshore Map Claim 5

 

4)  1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela – http://legal.un.org/riaa/cases/vol_XXVIII/331-340.pdf

1898 Arbritral Award Guyana- Venezuela
1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela -1

 

1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela - 2
1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela – 2 -…investigate and ascertain the extent of the terrotories belonging to, or that might lawfully be claimed by, the United Netherlands or by the Kingdom of Spain respectively at the time of the acquisition by Great Britain of the Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela.

 

1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela - 3
1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela – 3 – …the boundary-line…is as follows…(My own simple question as an explorationist: Where is the official geographical / geodetical map where these Award data are plotted on?? To be able to see it clearly. Not in poetical words but on a simple and clear cut map?)

 

1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela - 4
1899 Arbritral Award Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela – 4 – …Executed and published…3rd day of October, A.D. 1899.

 

5) Guyana and Venezuela in bitter border dispute after oil discovery
A bitter row with Venezuela that goes back over a century and nearly started a war is being taken to the United Nations

David Connett Saturday 26 September 2015 21:27

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/guyana-and-venezuela-in-bitter-border-dispute-after-oil-discovery-a6668651.html

6) Essequibo, the Territorial Dispute between Venezuela and Guyana
by D. ZWAAGSTRA on JANUARY 8, 2016 · Peace Palace Library –

https://www.peacepalacelibrary.nl/2016/01/essequibo-the-territorial-dispute-between-venezuela-and-guyana/

” The origin of the territorial claim

The Essequibo (in Spanish, Esequibo), is nearly sixty percent of modern Guyana, consisting of all its territory west of the Essequibo River. The Treaty of Munster nor the London Convention defined a western boundary of (the later called) British Guyana.

In 1835 the British Empire sent a German-born naturalist and explorer Robert Herman Schomburgk to conduct geographical research in British Guyana. In the course of his explorations he produced a map between Venezuela and British Guyana. The British government then commissioned Schomburgk to demarcate the territorial boundaries. This Schomburgk Line led to Venezuela protesting British encroachment on their territory, provoking the territorial dispute that has remained unresolved to this day.

In 1850, after years of arguing over the territorial boundaries, both sides agreed not to occupy the disputed territory. Nonetheless, the dispute reignited in the decades after that with the movement of British settlers into the region and with the formation of the British Guyana Mining Company to mine the gold deposits discovered in the zone. In 1897, after pressure from the United States, it was decided by a Treaty of Arbitration (‘The Washington Treaty of Arbitration’) to submit the determination of the boundary line between British Guyana and Venezuela to arbitration. On October 3, 1899, the Arbitration Tribunal delivered its award.

Arbitration Award 1899 and Mallet-Prevost Memorandum 1949

Their decision was to grant Venezuela full control over the disputed area at the mouth of the Orinoco River (Delta Amacuro), and to grant Britain control over the remaining disputed land west of the Essequibo River (around 90% of the territory in dispute). There are different views according to how the Arbitral Award was viewed by Venezuela and Britain, but tensions rose again in 1949, when a memo from Mallet-Prevost, one of the American arbitrators on the Tribunal, was made public posthumously. In the memorandum he said that the American arbitrators had been pressured to agree to the final deal by the Russian President of the Tribunal. In 1962 the Venezuelan government declared the 1899 agreement null and void and revived their claim for all of Guyana west of the Essequibo River. ”

7)  An Oil Strike in No Man’s Land
A new oil field near Venezuela could be the miracle Maduro was waiting for. There’s just one problem — it’s in territory claimed by Guyana.

BY DANIEL LANSBERG-RODRÍGUEZ | JUNE 16, 2015, 5:09 PM –

An Oil Strike in No Man’s Land

8) Guyana-Venezuela: The “controversy” over the arbitral award of 1899
September 11, 2015 COHA essequibo, geneva, great britain, Guyana, Odeen Ishmael, United States, Venezuela, Washington

Guyana-Venezuela: The “controversy” over the arbitral award of 1899

Map Venezuela 1810
Map Venezuela 1810

9) The Discovery of Guiana by Walter Raleigh – free ebook – 344 KB – Kindle – Gutenberg – http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2272:

Very simple and straightforward purpose of Walter Raleigh:

In search of discovering, conquering and seizing El Dorado:

” …Manoa, the imperial city of Guaiana, which the Spaniards call El Dorado, that for the greatness, for the riches, and for the excellent seat, it far exceedeth any of the world as is known to the Spanish nation. ”

Raleigh did not know that El Dorado included the Black Gold in the deep subsurface of Offshore. As magnificently unveiled by Lisa and Payara of ExxonMobil.Discovery Guyana 4 – “…and if we sack the River of Hacha, St. Martha, and Carthagena (= Colombia)…”

My personal note: After studying this book and trying to understand his mindset, in his writings Sir Walter Raleigh thinks, plans and philosophises voraciously and proactively about sacking and taking about everything and every place that occurs to his dear, luscious mind and/or that he visited or wanted to visit. Such as also a main part of present day Colombia. Very similar to Hernán Cortés, El Gran Conquistador de México. For the latter pls. see my post nr. 7, Historia de Nueva -España, September 2017, Chapter Various. Philosophy: Just go, conquer, seize, sack, destroy and eliminate whatever is convenient for yourself, your King, Queen and home country or country that you serve. Absolutely no mental, moral, conscientious, ” ethical ” or whatever boundaries. Only the sky is the limit ? In this light I could even imagine that Sir Raleigh would have happily volunteered, if living in 2018, to go and colonize Mars. Or to seize the Black Holes of Einstein and prof. dr. S. Hawkings. By travelling and using the Tesla Roadster of Elon Musk, now en route in our Milky Way Galaxy and Universe. That was the real philosophy in the colonial times. Goneby ??

Suriname Jungle - SW - Near boundary Guyana - Arapahu - Myself
Suriname SW Quadrant – Boundary with Guyana – Corantijn river –  My own jungle exploration trip – Arapahu – Near the El Dorado location of Sir Raleigh – Myself (…have not seen the El Dorado as described by Raleigh). This area is located near the area explored by Sir Raleigh in 1595. And was also visited and mapped by Robert Herman Schomburgk, see his Map Guiana 1872 – This 1872 map has the same land boundaries conceded to Guiana during the 1899 Arbitral Award, 27 years later. What a coincidence ? Transnational negotiation and influencing skills ?? Any other skill or competency needed ?? Apparently?

 

Discovery Guyana 1
Discovery Guyana 1 – Sir WALTER RALEIGH

 

Discovery Guyana 2
Discovery Guyana 2 – …” The country hath more quantity of gold, by manifold, than the best parts of the Indies, or Peru “.

 

Discovery Guyana 3
Discovery Guyana 3 – “…an easier way to invade the best parts thereof than by the common course. The king of Spain is not so impoverished by taking three or four ports in America..”

 

Discovery Guyana 4
Discovery Guyana 4 – “…and if we sack the River of Hacha, St. Martha, and Carthagena (= Colombia)…”                                                               My personal note: After studying this book and trying to understand his mindset, in his writings Sir Walter Raleigh thinks, plans and philosophises voraciously and proactively about sacking and taking about everything and every place that occurs to his dear, luscious mind and/or that he visited or wanted to visit. Such as also a main part of present day Colombia. Very similar to Hernán Cortés, El Gran Conquistador de México. For the latter pls. see my post nr. 7, Historia de Nueva -España, September 2017, Chapter Various. Philosophy: Just go, conquer, seize, sack, destroy and eliminate whatever is convenient for yourself, your King, Queen and home country or country that you serve. Absolutely no mental, moral, conscientious, ” ethical ” or whatever boundaries. Only the sky is the limit ? In this light I could even imagine that Sir Raleigh would have happily volunteered, if living in 2018, to go and colonize Mars. Or to seize the Black Holes of Einstein and prof. dr. S. Hawkings. By travelling and using the Tesla Roadster of Elon Musk, now en route in our Milky Way Galaxy and Universe. That was the real philosophy. Goneby ??

 

Discovery Guyana 5
Discovery Guyana 5 – ” If we take the ports…of Uraba ”  etc. (= Colombia).

 

Discovery Guyana 6
Discovery Guyana 6 – …” a better Indies for her Majesty than the king of Spain hath any..”.

 

Discovery Guyana 7
Discovery Guyana 7 – …” sixth of February, in the year 1595, we departed England,..”.

 

Discovery Guyana 8
Discovery Guyana 8 – …” Manoa, the imperial city of Guaiana, which the Spaniards call El Dorado, that for the greatness, for the riches, and for the excellent seat, it far exceedeth any of the world as is known to the Spanish nation”.

 

Discovery of Guyana 9
Discovery of Guyana 9 – … ” the court and magnificence of Guyana Capac,…”.

 

Discovery of Guyana 10
Discovery of Guyana 10 – Location of El Dorado according to Walter Raleigh (this map taken from internet – is not included in the Gutenberg e-edition).

 

Raleigh map 1575 - Discovery of Guyana 11
Raleigh map 1595? – Discovery of Guyana 11

10) Who was Robert Herman Schomburgk ?

He made / was entrusted to make the map that included the west Essequibo area as an integral part of British Guiana.

Map Guiana 1872 - Robert Herman Schomburgk
Map Guiana 1872 – Robert Herman Schomburgk – Green line is border claim line according to Venezuela – Pink line is border claim line according to Brazil.

This map was ” apparently ” used, given the very high degree of similitude. Thus served as the basis for the 1899 Arbitral Award. In my humble opinion it is crucial and determinant for the present day ongoing controversy.

Sketch Map Guiana 1832 - With probable boundaries with Portuguese and Dutch
Sketch Map Guiana 1832 – With probable boundaries with Portuguese and Dutch 1

 

Sketch Map Guiana 1832 - With probable boundaries with Portuguese and Dutch 2
Sketch Map Guiana 1832 – With probable boundaries with Portuguese and Dutch 2 _ Note that Guiana was officially ceded to the United Kingdom in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

…in 1835, he was entrusted by the Royal Geographical Society, London with conducting an expedition of exploration of British Guiana.

…In 1841, he returned to Guiana, this time as a British Government official to survey the colony and fix its eastern and western boundaries. The result was the provisional boundary between British Guiana and Venezuela, known as the “Schomburgk Line”, and the boundary with the Dutch colony of Surinam.(Note that this became the official boundary during the 1899 Award).

Map Guiana 1875 - Royal Geographical Society London - Robert Herman Schomburgk
Map Guiana 1875 – Royal Geographical Society London – Robert Herman Schomburgk – Please note the gradual and substantial encroachment / enlargement of Guyana’s territory. When comparing the successive geographical sketch maps in the period 1830 – 1896. Such as the previous 1832 Sketch map with probable boundaries versus the 1872 map. With substantial area added by Robert Herman Schomburgk. Area added comprises the totality of the area previously indicated on the maps as claimed by Portuguese and Dutch. This map also represents the territorial boundaries after the 1899 Award. Abrakadabra, et voilà, a new map and a larger country. How easy. Just consult with Mr. Robert H. Schomburgk if you wish to enlarge your country boundaries.

Question? Was above map used / allowed to use as a basis for decision making, by the 5 honorable judges, during the 1899 Award ???

Map Gran Colombia - Venezuela - 1819 - including Essequibo boundary
Map Gran Colombia – including Venezuela – 1819 – includes the Essequibo border.

 

1778 - Mapa de La Nueva Andalucía - Provincias de Cumaná y Guyana
1778 – Mapa de La Nueva Andalucía – Provincias de Cumaná y Guyana – on this map Guyana area was part of Spain. Province of Guyana located within The New Andalucía .

 

Map Guiana 1896 - With probable boundaries - And boundary lines of area claimed by others 1
Map Guiana 1896 – With probable boundaries – And boundary lines of area claimed by others 1

 

Map Guiana 1896 - With probable boundaries - And boundary lines of area claimed by others 2
Map Guiana 1896 – With probable boundaries – And boundary lines of area claimed by others 2

A) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Hermann_Schomburgk

B) A Description of British Guiana, Geographical and Statistical, Exhibiting its Resources and Capabilities, Together with the Present and Future Condition and Prospects of the Colony
Geographical, Statistical
Auteur: Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk

11) British Guyana – History – Wikipedia

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Guiana

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Guiana

The first European to discover Guiana was Sir Walter Raleigh, an English explorer. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle there, starting in the early 17th century, when they founded the colonies of Essequibo and Berbice, adding Demerara in the mid-18th century. In 1796, Great Britain took over these three colonies during hostilities with the French, who had occupied the Netherlands. Britain returned control to the Batavian Republic in 1802, but captured the colonies a year later during the Napoleonic Wars. The colonies were officially ceded to the United Kingdom in 1814, and consolidated into a single colony in 1831. The colony’s capital was at Georgetown (known as Stabroek prior to 1812).

The English made at least two unsuccessful attempts in the 17th century to colonise the lands that would later be known as British Guiana, at which time the Dutch had established two colonies in the area: Essequibo, administered by the Dutch West India Company, and Berbice, administered by the Berbice Association. The Dutch West India Company founded a third colony, Demerara, in the mid-18th century. During the French Revolutionary Wars of the late 18th century, when the Netherlands were occupied by the French, and Great Britain and France were at war, Britain took over the colony in 1796. A British expeditionary force was dispatched from its colony of Barbados to seize the colonies from the French-dominated Batavian Republic. The colonies surrendered without a struggle. Initially very little changed, as the British agreed to allow the long-established laws of the colonies to remain in force.

In 1802 Britain returned the colonies to the Batavian Republic under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens. But, after resuming hostilities with France in the Napoleonic Wars in 1803, Britain seized the colonies again less than a year later. The three colonies were officially ceded to the United Kingdom in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. The UK continued separate administration of the individual colonies until 1822, when the administration of Essequibo and Demerara was combined. In 1831, the administration Essequibo-Demerara and Berbice was combined, and the united colony became known as British Guiana.

12) Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Dutch_Treaty_of_1814

The Anglo–Dutch Treaty of 1814 (also known as the Convention of London) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands in London on 13 August 1814. It was signed by Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh for the British and Hendrik Fagel for the Dutch.

The treaty returned the colonial possessions of the Dutch as they were at 1 January 1803 before the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars, in the Americas, Africa, and Asia with the exceptions of the Cape of Good Hope and the South American settlements of Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice (later consolidated as British Guiana), where the Dutch retained trading rights.

In addition, the British ceded the island of Banca off the island of Sumatra in exchange for the settlement of Cochin in India and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar. The Dutch also ceded the district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, in exchange for an annual fee.

The treaty also noted a declaration of 15 June 1814 by the Dutch, that ships for the slave trade were no longer permitted in British ports and it agreed that this restriction would be extended to a ban on involvement in the slave trade by Dutch citizens. Britain also agreed to pay £1,000,000 to Sweden to resolve a claim to the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe (see Guadeloupe Fund). The British and the Dutch agreed to spend £2,000,000 each on improving the defences of the Low Countries. More funds, of up to £3,000,000, are mentioned for the “final and satisfactory settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland.”

Disputes arising from this treaty were the subject of the Anglo–Dutch Treaty of 1824.

13) Chronology of events – http://agriculture.gov.gy/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/1-2-files-merged-new.pdf

http://agriculture.gov.gy/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/1-2-files-merged-new.pdf

 

14) 25 Successive maps of Guiana from 1595 to 1898:

http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/britishguiana.htm

http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/britishguiana.htm

15) https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/el-petróleo-en-la-controversia-territorial-por-gamero-lanz/

16) The Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Arbitration of 1899 – by Clifton J. Child – The American Journal of International Law Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct., 1950), pp. 682-693.

http://16) The Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Arbitration of 1899 – by Clifton J. Child – The American Journal of International Law Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct., 1950), pp. 682-693.

Following is what Mr. Mallet-Prevost and General Harrison (President of the United States, 1888-1892; grandson of President William Henry Harrison), both negotiators and Harrison senior Counsel for Venezuela declared to Reuter, immediately after the award was announced on Oct. 3, 1899.

(Re. Clifton J. Child, The American Journal of International Law Vol. 44, No. 4 (Oct., 1950), pp. 682-693 – The Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Arbitration of 1899).

” So long as arbitration was to be conducted on such principles it could not be regarded a success, at least by those who believed that arbitration would result in an admission of legal rights and not in compromises really diplomatic in their character “.

V-B Boundary Arbitration 1899
V-B Boundary Arbitration 1899

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24. Guyana – Legal challenge campaigners against 3 oil giants

24. Guyanese campaigners mount legal challenge against three oil giants
Crowdfunded case claims offshore oil licences were granted illegally by the Guyanese government

A)

Sandra Laville
Thu 22 Mar 2018 11.48 GMT

Three major oil companies preparing to drill off the shores of Guyana, where a string of discoveries have sparked a rush for crude, are being challenged by a group of citizens who say their dash for oil is illegal.

Lawyers acting for the Guyanese campaigners are to lodge the latest challenge in a court in Guyana this week. They are funding the battle against oil giants Exxon Mobil, Hess Corporation and Nexen, a subsidiary of Chinese national oil, through the crowdfunding site CrowdJustice.

Offshore drilling off the coast of Guyana is seen as one of the most sought-after prospects in the world for oil companies. Analysts predict offshore drilling could provide 350,000 to 400,000 barrels a day by 2026, while Exxon has predicted 500,000 barrels a day.

But concerned citizens of the small South American country, which has never been an oil producer, are challenging the oil giants.

Melinda Janki, one of the lawyers representing the Guyanese campaigners, said the granting of licences to drill by the government was illegal. Under Guyanese law, a licence to drill can only be granted if an environmental permit has been obtained by the company involved.

“It is very simple. If you want to extract oil in Guyana you need an environmental permit in order to get a petroleum production licence,” she said. “Only one of the three companies involved has an environmental permit. We are seeking an order to quash the decision by the minister to issue the licence because, we are saying, he acted illegally.”

Janki lodged an appeal earlier this month after the first attempt to quash the granting of the licences was rejected by a judge.

Ramon Gaskin of A Fair Deal for Guyana campaign said: “In my opinion the government has sold off Guyana’s oil without a care for the environment, without a care for the people, without a care for fishermen and others who stand to lose everything from a spill, without a care for Guyana’s marine environment which could be totally destroyed, without a care for future generations who might inherit nothing but an oil slick, and without any understanding whatsoever of the dangers of climate change. People also have to understand that an oil spill or a well blow-out could harm our Caribbean neighbours and Guyana could be liable for that damage.”

The oil companies oppose the legal claim.

Reblogged & full credit from:

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/mar/22/guyanese-campaigners-mount-legal-challenge-against-three-oil-giants

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

B) On Mrs. Melinda Janki, one of the lawyers representing the Guyanese campaigners and on Ramon Gaskin:

Ramon Gaskin launches new political group

 

https://www.thenatureofcities.com/author/melindajanki/

http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/m__janki_1.pdf

 

 

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

Doei, salu2, ciao, até logo, grüssen, cordialement, salut, добрый день, ajoo, tur kos bon mi dushi hendenan na Switi Sranan i mi famiri na switi Korsou, tan bun allamala !

 

23. Guyana – ENI interest

23. Italian supermajor expresses interest in drilling offshore Guyana
Mar 26, 2018 Government, Ministry of Natural Resources, News

A) http://dpi.gov.gy/italian-supermajor-expresses-interest-in-drilling-offshore-guyana/

An Italian oil and gas exploration company could be the “new kid on the block”, if the Government of Guyana gives its go-ahead, for it to carry out exploration offshore Guyana.

Minster of Natural Resources, Raphael Trotman with officials from Italian oil company ENI.

ENI is a multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Rome. It is considered one of the world’s largest publicly owned oil and gas companies, also known as supermajor. It operates in 79 countries and is currently the world’s eleventh largest industrial company with a market capitalisation of 68 billion euros.

Earlier today, Minister of Natural Resources, Raphael Trotman met the company’s Senior Vice President, Guido Zappala and his team at the Natural Resources Ministry, where he received a packaged plan of action from the company’s representatives.

Speaking to the Department of Public Information (DPI) today, minutes after the meeting, Minister Trotman said the oil company had, since last year, expressed its interest to the government.

“So, we had a long discussion with them about their practices elsewhere, what they are looking for. And obviously Guyana’s basin has become attractive and they have assured us that they are not worried about the current issue between Guyana and Venezuela. They are prepared to pursue and should there be any cause for concern they will manage.”

According to Minister Trotman, ENI, which is partly owned by the Italian government, has an excellent track record in terms of safety and good environmental practices. The company he said, has been lending its support to other countries, helping to develop their renewable energy capacity.

“Thirty percent of the shares is owned by the government. So, you actually have a company that is undergirded by the government and is a main driver of the economy of Italy,” he said.

His next move, he said, will be to prepare a report to present to President David Granger for his consideration.

The company has suggested another meeting in the next two weeks.

By: Alexis Rodney

B) ENI’s 2018 – 2021 Strategy

https://www.eni.com/en_IT/investors/strategy/strategic-plan-2018-2021.page

C) ENI 2017 results:

https://www.eni.com/docs/en_IT/enicom/media/press-release/2018/02/eni-fourth-quarter-2017-results-ceo-claudio-descalzi-comments-results.pdf

39 pages.

ENI 2017 results
ENI 2017 results

D) Orinduik Block Reserves

Eco - Reserves - 9/2018
Eco – Reserves – 9/2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

”  All-in-1 Consultant,  Available-to-Serve-You.

For grounded, vintage stewardship to successfully find lots of oil, mineral resources, develop your business and get sustained value for money ?

See <Contact & Contract Me> at marcelchinalien@gmail.com “.

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22. Guyana – Gas – Reinjection and electricity generation onshore.

Contents:

1) Commercialization of gas from Guyana’s oil fields will be growing challenge – Wood Mack – 9/3/2018.

2) Exxon, Guyana look at bringing gas ashore to generate electricity – B.Wilkinson – 20/9/2017.

1) Commercialization of gas from Guyana’s oil fields will be growing challenge – Wood Mack;

Reblogged, credit and map from:
By Oil Now – March 9, 2018.

As more oil discoveries continue to be made offshore the South American country of Guyana the commercialization of gas will become a bigger challenge.

Analyst Wood Mackenzie says lack of infrastructure and a visible marketization plan for commercializing gas which inadvertently accompanies the crude – of which 3.2 billion recoverable barrels have so far been found – means reinjection is the likely scenario in the foreseeable future.

Elena Nikolova
“As discoveries grow, so does the importance of the question on how gas will be evacuated from the field. And for now we assume that no gas makes it to market; it’s either use for reinjection or infield use given the lack of infrastructure or visibility on marketization plans,” says Elena Nikolova, Latin America Upstream Analyst.

Ms. Nikolova says there is potential for more significant oil discoveries in Guyana which would add to the volume already discovered at Stabroek Block, and in so doing, also increase the volume of natural gas.

ExxonMobil Guyana Commercial Manager, Peter Dillon, told a private sector forum on

Peter Dillon
Tuesday that the primary use of natural gas from the fields at this time would be for reinjection into the reservoirs to maximize crude production. However, he said the oil company recognizes the importance of natural gas to the Guyanese economy and as such is in discussions to see if limited volumes of associated natural gas can be commercialized from Liza Phase 1.

Oil production from the Liza Phase 1 development is set to get underway by March of 2020. Already plans are underway for a Liza Phase 2 in 2022 and a third development at the Payara/Pacora fields by 2023.

2) Exxon, Guyana look at bringing gas ashore to generate electricity

Exxon, Guyana look at bringing gas ashore to generate electricity

Reblogged and credit:

By Bert Wilkinson – Caribbean Life News- NY

Oil rigs and production
United States oil giant ExxonMobil and Guyanese authorities this week started two days of talks to determine whether it is feasible to run a 100-mile plus undersea pipeline bringing natural gas from its offshore wells to generate power for the Guyana Power and Light Corporation, the main state utility.

Spokeswoman Kimberly Brasington said Exxon has flown in a special team of specialists from headquarters in Texas to crunch numbers with officials in the country which is anxious to reduce dependency on fossil fuels for power generation.

“Yes we are starting the conversation on how it can be done and whether it should be done. If it is done, it will bring down the cost of power generation and it is cleaner,” Brasington said.

ExxonMobil had back in 2015 declared “a world class” oil and gas find off the Guyana coast and has already drilled eight of 17 wells it plans for the first phase of operations. Actual production is expected to begin in late 2019 or early 2020 with an estimated daily tally of more than 100,000 barrels/day and quickly expanding to 400,000 barrels/day. At that rate, Guyana will easily surpass Trinidad at 70,000 making it not only the latest country in the region to produce oil and gas but the largest.

The find has sent the country, which doubles as the headquarters of the 15-nation Caribbean single trading bloc of nations, into a tailspin as it rushes to prepare for transformation from centuries of dependence on gold, sugar, bauxite, rice and timber to one dominated by oil and gas.

Dozens of oil companies have applied for blocks, while the larger ones like Repsol of Spain and Tullow Oil of the United Kingdom are already preparing to begin exploratory works near Exxon’s Stabroek Block.

Brasington said the teams will study the possibility of running undersea pipelines from a floating production, storage and offloading facility the company is constructing to move crude oil from its wells, about 120 miles offshore Guyana.

Guyana says it spends $100M annually to import fuel to power generators and wants the gas Exxon will find while pumping oil to be brought ashore for domestic and commercial purposes.

“As the first of such sessions, the government of Guyana looks forward to furthering its understanding of the technical and key dynamics of proposed projects in an effort to diversify the energy mix in Guyana,” Minister of Public Infrastructure David Patterson,” said.

September 20, 2017 – Caribbean Life News- NY

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