22. Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 – Guyana v. Venezuela: Report ICJ (1/9/2018-31-7/2019)

22. Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 (Guyana v. Venezuela: Report ICJ (1/9/2018-31-7/2019)  V.31.10.19

Judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, President of the ICJ, addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York yesterday on the occasion of the presentation of the Court’s Annual Report 2018-2019.

  1. The Annual Report of the Court:


2. The full text of the address of the President:


3. https://mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com/25-guyana-files-an-application-against-venezuela/


12. Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 (Guyana v. Venezuela) – p44-46/69

207. On 29 March 2018, Guyana filed an Application instituting proceedings against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

208. In its Application, Guyana requested the Court “to confirm the legal validity and binding effect of the Award Regarding the Boundary between the Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela, of 3 October 1899”. The Applicant claimed that the 1899 Award was “‘a full, perfect, and final settlement’ of all questions

44/69 (19-13600)


relating to determining the boundary line between the colony of British Guiana and Venezuela”.

209. Guyana asserted that between November 1900 and June 1904, a joint Anglo- Venezuelan Boundary Commission had “identified, demarcated and permanently fixed the boundary established by the … Award” before the signing of a Joint Declaration by the Commissioners on 10 January 1905 (referred to as “the 1905 Agreement”).

210. Guyana contended that, in 1962, for the first time, Venezuela had contested the Award as “arbitrary” and “null and void”. This, according to the Applicant, had led to the signing of the Agreement to resolve the controversy between Venezuela and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland over the frontier between Venezuela and British Guiana at Geneva on 17 February 1966, which “provided for recourse to a series of dispute settlement mechanisms to finally resolve the controversy”.

211. Guyana further submitted that the Geneva Agreement had authorized the United Nations Secretary-General to decide which appropriate dispute resolution mechanism to adopt for the peaceful settlement of the dispute, in accordance with Article 33 of the United Nations Charter. According to the Applicant:

“On 30 January 2018, … Secretary-General [H.E.] António Guterres determined that the good offices process had failed to achieve a peaceful settlement of the controversy. He then took a formal and binding decision, under Article IV, paragraph 2 of the Agreement, to choose a different means of settlement under Article 33 of the Charter. In identical letters to both Parties, he communicated the terms of his decision that, pursuant to the authority vested in him by the Geneva Agreement, the controversy shall be settled by recourse to the International Court of Justice.”

212. In its Application, filed “pursuant to the Secretary-General’s decision”, Guyana requested the Court to adjudge and declare that:

“(a) The 1899 Award [was] valid and binding upon Guyana and Venezuela, and the boundary established by that Award and the 1905 Agreement [was] valid and binding upon Guyana and Venezuela;

  1. (b)  Guyana enjoy[ed] full sovereignty over the territory between the Essequibo River and the boundary established by the 1899 Award and the 1905 Agreement, and Venezuela enjoy[ed] full sovereignty over the territory west of that boundary; Guyana and Venezuela [were] under an obligation to fully respect each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity in accordance with the boundary established by the 1899 Award and the 1905 Agreement;
  2. (c)  Venezuela [had to] immediately withdraw from and cease its occupation of the eastern half of the Island of Ankoko, and each and every other territory which [was] recognized as Guyana’s sovereign territory in accordance with the 1899 Award and 1905 Agreement;
  3. (d)  Venezuela [had to] refrain from threatening or using force against any person and/or company licensed by Guyana or engage in economic or commercial activity in Guyanese territory as determined by the 1899 Award and 1905 Agreement, or in any maritime areas appurtenant to such territory over which Guyana ha[d] sovereignty or exercise[d] sovereign rights, and shall not interfere with any Guyanese or Guyanese-authorised activities in those areas;
  4. (e)  Venezuela [was] internationally responsible for violations of Guyana’s sovereignty and sovereign rights, and for all injuries suffered by Guyana as a consequence.”

46/69 (A/74/4)

213. By an Order dated 19 June 2018, the Court decided that the written pleadings in the case must first address the question of the jurisdiction of the Courtand fixed 19 November 2018 and 18 April 2019as the respective time-limits for the filing of a Memorial by Guyana and a Counter-Memorial by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

214. The Court took this decision following a meeting held on 18 June 2018 with representatives of the parties.

215. The Memorial of Guyana was filedwithin the time-limit thus fixed.

  • My own notes and musings, as a simple petroleum exploration geologist.

a) Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela did not file a Counter-Memorial.

As they already previously indicated they do not consider that ICJ has the jurisdiction to rule and decide on this ” Controversy “.

So, what is ahead ?

All the time and money spent via ICJ was lost, for nothing ?

Who is going to decide ?

Who has jurisdiction ?

b) What would Hugo Grotius have  thought or said on this subject?

He was one of the first to formulate the international society doctrine.

As well as one of the first to define expressly the idea of one society of states, governed not by force or warfare.

But by actual laws and mutual agreement to enforce those laws.

c) Hugo Grotius, famous Dutch jurist: De Indis and Mare Liberum

Hugo Grotius - Delft -
Hugo Grotius – Delft, his native town. – He lived on Oude Langedijk, near to the Nieuwe Kerk. The house does not exist anymore. But was probably located in the area of this, my own, picture.


20. Guiana-Suriname Basin: 11 LinkedIn Posts October 2019

Contents (11)- V.22.10.19

1  Orinduik (and Kanuku) prospect map -Updated; Source Tullow Oil 2019

2  Depositional Environment and Reservoir Prediction – GS Basin; Hess, 2018

3  Multiple Prospects and Play Types Offshore Guyana – Exploration; Hess.com, 2019

4  Corentyne Offshore PPL – Composite Dip Line and Depositional Model – Fig. 4-6; cgxenergy.com

5  Guyana-Suriname Basin discoveries vs. CO2; 2019

6  Suriname Offshore Play and Licenses Maps; Ref. opportunities.staatsolie.com, 2019

7  Guyana-Suriname Basin – Continental Margin and Deep Basins – 3D Cartoon of possible processes; Taken and adapted from Fig. 13 of M. Rebecca et al, 2014

8  Core Photos Liza-5, Payara-1; ExxonMobil; Hess Investor Presentation 2018

9  Ranger Appraisal – Stacked carbonate play opener; Hess, dec. 2018

10  Walker Exploration Prospect, Carbonate, Suriname; Hess, dec. 2018

11  Kitchen map Canje Formation source rock in Guyana-Suriname Basin – Fig. 4; Ref. Halliburton, 2019

12  Further ?

Orinduik Kanuku prospect map hashtagdiscoveries guianasurinamebasin goldenlaneguianasuriname Exxonmobil hess cnooc tullow anadarko eco total cgx


Giant fields are located on the lowermost “ Terrace “. So far 10/19.

Area of Upper Cretaceous rather flat-lying seafloor fans & associated sediments.
Located straight above the mature Canje source rocks kitchen. Where apparently the petroleum system works optimal.
Myself I call this the “ Guiana – Suriname Golden Lane “ playfairway.

Updip slope fans and fans/reservoirs in Tertiary involve a higher risk as far as migration, side and top seals is concerned.

Extending this cartoon, eastwards towards Sranankondre onshore 1 billion OOIP Tambaredjo field (1964).

A most simple Tambaredjo Exploration Quiz:

Oil from same Liza kitchen ?

Thus some 20 billion bbls needed to make a 1 billion bbls field at 150 km away:

Olympic Gold Medal Subsurface Longdistance Walking & Hurdling.


Why not take it easy, why walk so far, zig-zagging, hurdling, sneaking around, escaping etc. If you have plenty of complacent reservoirs nearby?

Somewhat similar to voluntarily and with wanderlust trailing the 777 km Camino de Santiago trail from Roncesvalles to the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela on Plaza Obradoiro (https://mar-petroleumexplorationconsultant.com/9-dia-del-apostol-santiago-y-dia-de-la-patria-gallega-25-julio/)?

By the way, where are the other 18 billion bbls that initially accompanied me when expelled out of the kitchen, while traveling and venturing off the beaten paths towards Tambaredjo high ??
Sure, in-between, no doubt, totally agree.

Prize: A billion bbls field ?

Faîtes vous jeux. Rien ne va plus.

Source, picture, Tullow Oil, Internet.

Orinduik-Kanuku Prospect Map-Tullow-2019
Orinduik-Kanuku Prospect Map-Tullow-2019
  • Carapa-1 to be drilled: Reference, LI, Javed Razack, 20/10/19:

Rowan/Valaris EXL II jackup rig. Will drill 1 well, Carapa-1, for Repsol, Kanuku Block.

Carapa prospect is a 200-million-barrel Cretaceous target located in 70m of water.

The Kanuku block is almost 2000 sq km and operated by Repsol with a 37.5% stake. The partners are Tullow (37.5%) and Total (25%). With Tullow having back to back discoveries in 2019, it is certain that as a partner, Tullow will share their learnings, increasing the well’s chance of success.

Repsol has already hinted at 2 more exploration wells in 2020.

  • Jethro 1-Lobe discovery, 2019.

Clean Lower Tertiary amalgamated sandstone, 55 m. net, excellent reservoir. Clear seismic definition. Potential to be a standalone commercial discovery. Evaluating requirements for an appraisal well.

Well cost some $ 45 m.
Ref. Eco Atlantic, Colin Kinley, COO, 24-10-19.

Jethro, recent analysis (13/11/19) has shown that heavy oil was encountered.

  • Joe-1 discovery, 2019.

Well cost $21 m.
Proven reservoir, 16 m. net, and oil charge in Upper Tertiary sands.

Joe, recent analysis (13/11/19) has shown that heavy oil was encountered.

  • Jethro-1 and Joe-1 are mobile heavy crudes. Similar to the commercial heavy crudes (North Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Campos Basin, Venezuela and Angola) with high sulphur content.
  • Jethro-1 discovery has the advantage of 8,500 PSI reservoir (2,600 PSI Overpressure), which increases drive efficiency; high reservoir temperature of 94 degrees Celsius; and an estimated flowing well head temperature of 90 degrees.
    Both increases oil mobility and provides an advantage at the floating production facility. Ref. Energypedia, 13/11/19
  • https://www.energy-pedia.com/news/guyana/eco-(atlantic)-oil-gas-provides-update-on-initial-analysis-of-jethro-and-joe-wells-offshore-guyana-178087
  • Business, shares, value, Financial Times, 13/11/19:
  • Tullow shares tumble after warning on Guyana projects.
  • Encouragement for other Upper Tertiary prospects in Orinduik.

Such as Jimmy (2020?). Situated in same charged sands. 3D processing and interpretation ongoing to correlate with the 2 discoveries.

  • Eco Atlantic, 3/11/19, Exploration, discoveries, influence on share price;Twitter: Increases to discovered resource at Hammerhead and Jethro
    Hammerhead is a major discovery made by Exxon/Hess on the Stabroek Block, which extends onto the Orinduik Block. Eco believes ~10% of Hammerhead could lie on its block and Hammerhead could be 400-800mmboe gross. Eco’s last CPR (prior to the appraisal wells) only gave credit for 2mmboe net to Eco and we have increased this to 9mmboe based on 600mmboe gross, with 10% on the Orinduik block following the positive appraisal results reported by Hess/Exxon. This gives a risked value of 12p/sh or 19p/sh unrisked. On Jethro, we are upping the estimated recoverable resource estimate to 250mmboe from 215mmboe to reflect the results exceeding the partners’ pre-drill expectations. This gives a risked value of 46p/sh or 81p/sh unrisked. The pre-drill estimate for Jethro was 215mmboe in the CPR on a P50 basis or 340mmbbl on a P10 basis. In the P10 case, using an NPV of US$5/bbl, the discovery is worth >US$250mm net to Eco on an unrisked basis.
    New Tertiary exploration prospects, derisked by Jethro and Joe

2) Depositional Environment and Reservoir Prediction – GS Basin – Hess, 2018


Herewith related?

  • Apache, Block 58 & surroundings in Suriname, Q2.

Some 80-20 km east of Turbot, Pluma, Haimara discoveries.

Maka prospect, spudded 24-9-2019 with Noble Sam Croft drillship.
Possibly up to 3 wells.

  • Most fortunate?

Sitting right on top of a red, late mature, now condensate cooking and expelling Canje source rock late Neogene kitchen…

Just put a valid basin floor fan, slope fan, shelf carbonate, whatever on op top of it?

Full to spil? Spilling over ??
Maka Central 1; Sapakara West 1 ?

Haute Sranankondre Condensate Cuisine ?

” Michelin Subsurface 4-Stars “ ?

   Alias “ The Kitchen of Mrs. Liza – Maka  “?

Top of the world…?
About january 2020 we will know. Success or failure ?

Status at 21-12-2019?
A significant discovery.
Most probably not a giant discovery.

Not the full extension of the “ Liza Golden Lane “?

My best guess at this stage. Not found wat was hoped and expected ? Two intervals “ tested “ and cased of. Commercial amounts ? Some 200-300 million bbls? Decided to drill deeper for a Lower Cretaceous ? interval. Why? To find more reserves to make it commercial and make it fly ?


1. Hess, Investors Forum, dec. 2018

2. https://suriname-mirror.blogspot.com/2019/09/amerikaanse-oliemaatschappij-apache.html

Guyana-Depositional-Reservoir-Hess 2018
Guyana-Depositional-Reservoir-Hess 2018
3) Multiple Prospects and Play Types Offshore Guyana – Exploration – Hess.com, 2019

GuianaSurinameBasin Hess hashtagExxonMobil CNOOC goldenlane Haimara1 Makaprospect Apache block58


Location #Haimara-1 discovery: encountered 63m of high quality reservoir (gas/condensate) and could potentially open up a new area.)


A) Apache_Block58_Makaprospect?_spudded_24 sept 2019_drillingahead vs.

Eagle1 2012 oil & gas shows P&A. vs.

Kankantrie 8/2019 Staatsolie dryhole water #8million 800millionbarrels hashtagnearshore nickerie Suriname;

Kankantrie was de grootste prospect met een mogelijkheid van 800 miljoen barrels, wel met een laag slagingspercentage van 10 procent.
Wij zaten op 2000 meter van de 2900 meter (TD), dan is iedereen enthousiast en dat enthousiasme is overgebracht.
Nu blijkt echter dat de boorput Kankantrie helemaal niets heeft opgeleverd. Ref. http://dwtonline.com/laatste-nieuws/2019/09/17/informatie-over-kankantrie-oliebron-geen-fake-nieuws/.

  • Is Suriname Block 58 upper half, the extension of the proven petroleum system, habitat and setting of the “ Guiana Golden Lane “ ??
    The sediments were to a lesser extent sourced through the Berbice canyon, probably. But by paleo-canyons along the Suriname continental shelf and margin (e.g. Corantijn Incised Valley, Saramacca -, Suriname river valley etc.).

A wildcat exploration by Apache is currently 10/19 underway in Suriname. Prior to this only 14 wells have been drilled in the Guyana-Suriname basin beyond water depths greater than 20 meters.


Hess Investor Information_16/10/2019_@$ 65.23 share_price and Etc. etc. etc. on Internet.

4) Corentyne Offshore PPL – Composite Dip Line and Depositional Model – Fig. 4-6 – cgxenergy.com

Eagle1 well hashtagoilshows P&A

Just southwest of Haimara 1 discovery & just west of Block 58_#Apache_#Suriname: Eagle 1 well, 2012, oil & gas shows. P&A.

Probably no efficient top & side seals. The Turonian, primary prospect, is divided into two units, separated by a flooding surface that acts as an internal seal.

These sand rich amalgamated sea floor fans are sourced from the Corentyne incised valley, and lie directly on top of Cenomanian source beds. The target reservoir package pinches out both laterally and up dip via a stratigraphic or facies pinch out.

Turonian sands were penetrated by the North Coronie #1 well in offshore Suriname. Directly above the regional anoxic source rock, the Lower Cenomanian Canje formation.

Equivalent/contemporaneous of Villeta-La Luna-Querecual-Naparima Hill anoxic source rocks (10-15 m.y., Cenomanian-Coniacian). Deposited along the whole northern South American passive continent margin during Upper Cretaceous.

Ref. :

a) https://lnkd.in/ez4Ewyw, 15 April 2011 

Corentyne Offshore PPL-Composite Dip Line and Depositional Model - cgxenergy.com
Corentyne Offshore PPL-Composite Dip Line and Depositional Model – cgxenergy.com
5) Guyana-Suriname Basin discoveries vs. CO2; 2019

GuianaSurinameBasingoldenlane hotspot sweetspot co2 parisagreement temperatureincrease climatechange sealevelchange

Some 5 billion bbls discovered.

Much more coming.

Rumoured in the global geo-grapevine.

Most ardently desired.

Simple questions ?

Does it line up withParisAgreement (1)?

How much#CO2 will these generate in the future (2)?

Sustainable included in the Green State Development Strategy?

Doesn’t matter, anyway, never thought of?

  • Facts:

Combined liquid fuels from an average barrel of crude oil produces a minimum of 327 kg #CO2 when consumed.

  • Thus: 5 billion X 317 kg = 1585 billion kg CO2.

Hmm, quite some… Convinced it was about close to nothing…

(= how much temperature increase + sealevel rise + etc. etc…

Sure, most interesting “ Sea-Level Rise Symposium, 4/10/2019).

Who cares anyway ? Shareholders? Stakeholders?
Any Guiana-Suriname Basin Greenpeace activist around or signaled on the horizon ? Not yet Mrs. Greta Thunberg to defend Mother Earth ?

  • CO2, Newsweek, By Ewan Palmer,

“ SHELL CEO says it’s entirely legitimate to invest in oil and gas after being named among 20 firms behind third of all carbon Emissions.

  • The company was ranked seventh out of the state and investor-owned firms who helped contribute to 480 billion tonnes (= 480 000 billion kilogram) of carbon dioxide equivalent in the modern era.

Van Beurden said. A bigger risk is prematurely turning your back on oil and gas.

Speaking to Reuters he was dismissing what he described as the “demonization” and “unjustified” concerns about the energy company’s future business model “.

Thus, entirely legitimate…

Turn your head with your iconic Ray Ban Aviator sunglasses on and the Noise Cancelling Headphones, Bose QuietComfort 20 Acoustic.

Full throttle?
Autostrada del Sole near Alassio, in a lovely sunroof V6 C350.

Swiftly speed and dance away.


Enjoy life, la Vida es Una (1) no mas.

A gozar bailando salsa y bachata, se dijo…




1. https://lnkd.in/eSsi6uf

2. https://lnkd.in/ezvWhMP

3. Newsweek.com and imasdk.googleapis.com


ExxonMobil Discoveries_10/19
ExxonMobil Discoveries @ 10/19; = 1585 billion kg CO2 @ 2019; Co2 generated through time by Shell’s produced and burned petroleum up to 2019: 480 000 billion kilogram. Thus 303 x amount that Guiana petroleum reserves 2019 will generate in CO2.
6) Suriname Offshore Play Map – Ref. opportunities.staatsolie.com, 2019

Suriname Offshore Play Map

Question? Weekend Quiz?

Which other essential exploration related items could possibly be missing on this beautiful map ?

Reference: Staatsolie, 2/1/2019 https://lnkd.in/ePxcT3T

Map 1.

Offshore Playmap_SOM_2019
Offshore Playmap_SOM_2019

Map 2

Suriname Licensing Areas 10/2019_Staatsolie
Suriname Licensing Areas 10/2019_Staatsolie


7) Guyana-Suriname Basin – Continental Margin and Deep Basins – Cartoon of possible processes; Taken and adapted from Fig. 13 of M. Rebecca et al, 2014

GuianaSurinameBasingeocartoon of possible dynamic processes. turbidites deepwater slopefans canyons contourite pelagite ExxonMobil hess cnooc tullow cgx total eco


Is this more or less how it really was in Guiana-Suriname Basin ?

Since Upper Cretaceous to Recent.

As unveiled in present day offshore basins on different continents.

Sure, for the sake of simplicity.

Not even taken into account the large amount of fine-grained sediments in G-S basin, first since 10 Ma, provenant from Amazon river.

Increasing drastically since 4.5 Ma. Amazon River and the continental-scale Amazon drainage basin were assembled during the late Miocene and Pliocene.

The Surinam coast is part of the extensive tropical mud coast between the Amazon River and the Orinoco River. Classified as a low to medium energy coast.

A substantially longshore supply of mud originates from the Amazon River. The fine grained sediment (pelite) is transported in suspension and also deposited in the deeper parts of Guiana-Suriname Basin.

A little bit different though?

From the nostalgic or fairy tale-like character multi-colored geo-cartoons.

As usually presented on Investor Forums…


Adapted & customised from fig. 13: https://lnkd.in/e4SQVaP!

Guiana-Suriname Basin-Cartoon_MCAL_Adapted_M.Rebesco et.al. 2014
Guiana-Suriname Basin-Cartoon_MCAL_Adapted_M.Rebesco et.al. 2014
8) Core Photos Liza-5, Payara-1; ExxonMobil; Hess Investor Presentation 2018

corephotos Liza5 Payara1 guianasurinamebasin giantfield goldenlane ExxonMobil hess cnooc reservoirsands slopefans deepwater turbidites basinfloorfans blackshales sourcerock hashtagcontourite pelagite


Frequent black/dark thin layers/intercalations.

Somewhat irregular or slightly disturbed, in the “ basinfloor fan reservoir sands “.

Implications ??

Intercalated black shales with high TOC content ?

Layers consisting of coaly, originally leaf fragments, such as in the turbidite sandstones in the deep-water Kutei Basin ?

Intercalated pelagites ?


Associated to myriad oceanographic processes in surface, intermediate and deep-water masses?

Someone put some black make-up or marked black layers on the core picture to make it more interesting ?

Indication to revise and adapt existing facies/exploration/production models ?

Etc. etc. etc.

Make your own free geo-democratic choice and interpretation…

Sure, pls let me know the right answer, thx in advance.


Hess (HES) Investor Presentation – Slideshow – Dec. 12, 2018 and Internet publications.

Cores Liza5_Payara1_ExxonMobil
Cores Liza5_Payara1_ExxonMobil
9) Ranger Appraisal – Stacked carbonate play opener; Hess, dec. 2018


GuianaSurinameBasin Ranger carbonate albian jurassicvolcanics

basement discovery goldenlane

Ranger discovery ?

Sitting on top of an old volcano of the Jurassic seafloor “ basement “? (…as was seriously rumoured, after discovery…).

Possible size & reserves ?

Height, some 35 contours (time/depth) of 20 ms/m (?) intervals, above Maximum/Deepest Lowest

Closing Contour? Area, max. 6 x 6 miles surface (@ LCC).

= ??? million barrels…

Time will tell.


Hess (HES) Investor Presentation – Slideshow – Dec. 12, 2018

Ranger discovery_Carbonate_Guyana_Hess
Ranger discovery_Carbonate_Guyana_Hess
10) Walker Exploration Prospects, Suriname; Hess, dec. 2018

GuianaSurinameBasin Suriname block42 walkerprospect carbonate prospect goldenlane

Locally carbonates and shallow marine carbonate platforms are found in offshore Guiana-Suriname . Such as Albian and Tertiary shelf and reefal carbonates.

At least one offshore well drilled into and encountered carbonates.


Hess (HES) Investor Presentation – Slideshow – Dec. 12, 2018 and Internet publications.

Walker prospect_Hess_Suriname
Walker prospect_Hess_Suriname
11) Kitchen map Canje Formation source rock in Guyana-Suriname Basin – Fig. 4; Ref. Halliburton, 2019

GuianaSurinameBasin kitchen modelled, anchored at hashtagLiza1 location.

Basin & Source Rock & Migration Modelling.


Just follow the darkblue modelled migration pathways. And unveil your future (giant) petroleum fields.


A minor detail, my personal geo-mindbreakers.

a) Note Tambaredjo giant field unfortunately is completely outside the migration fairways…

Hm, hmm, would not have discovered it with this map.

Most fortunately GMD explored for…water for the village, to find it.


Different really astonishing bone dry wells. Not 1 ppm petroleum according to mr. gaschromatograph.

In Suriname area’s located right in&along two of the prime migration highways and mainstreams.

Hm hmmm.

c) Further ?

In this oval shaped basin & grand kitchen.

Does petroleum only migrate southwards/upwards/updip ?

Not eastwards ? Direction west flank Demerara High.

Never westwards ? Farther than Ranger-1 discovery.

Seldom northwards ? Towards Block 59 of ExxonMobil.

D) Apache, Block 58 & surroundings.

Most fortunate?

Sitting right on top of a red, late mature, condensate cooking and expelling Canje, late Neogene kitchen…

Just put a valid basinfloor fan and slope fan above it?

Full to spill…

Haute Sranankondre Condensate Cuisine

“ Michelin Subsurface 4-Stars “

Alias “ The Kitchen of Mrs. Liza “


https://lnkd.in/eeh7r3r – Halliburton, 2018

BasinMod Liza_Halliburton
BasinMod Liza_Halliburton
12) Further? Please keep in touch? More most exiting exploration histories to follow. The show must go on !

In booming Guiana-Suriname Basin. For both explorationists, investors, business people and many many others.

Block 58, Apache, Suriname, soon, next major discovery, first in Sranankondre, extension of Liza-Payara Golden Lane ??

Faites vos jeux, rien ne va plus.

19 Geologists 1969, Universiteit Leiden, The Netherlands

Geology students 1969 and staff of Leiden. My study buddies. Southern England stratigraphy excursion.

Geologists 1969 Leiden
Geologists 1969 Leiden

This post in view of our 50-Years-Anniversary on September 07, 2019 in Schokland, Holland. Many of us have not seen each other for decades. Especially for this gathering various are traveling from distant places as Australia, Bulgaria and France.
Previous to this event we all unveil our own half century story, time for an update.

Leidse Universiteit, Faculteit Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen – Subfaculteit der Geologie en Geofysica.

Geologisch en Mineralogisch Instituut (nu ” ‘t Kruitschip ” appartementen genaamd), Garenmarkt 1B, Leiden, studiejaar 1969 (alias Sixty Nine’ers).

Geologisch Instituut Leiden
Geologisch Instituut Leiden, Garenmarkt 1B. Hoofdingang met daarboven op de 1ste etage de werkkamer van Marcel, Ray, Wilbert, Arie en Andre. Daarboven de suite van prof.dr. E. den Tex.
Marcel Chin-A-Lien

Petrologie & Ertsgeologie, Leiden & Amsterdam, 1969-1977

Ingeniero Geólogo, Venezuela, 1982

Executive M.B.A., Mergers & Acquisitions, USA, 2000

M.Sc. Management Oil Business, Amsterdam, 2001


Geologisch Instituut Leiden
Geologisch Instituut Leiden, Garenmarkt 1B. Deze bronsen plaquette is geplaatst door de Leidsche Geologische Vereniging, LGV. Betaald met de donatie & legaat van jaargenoot en tevens mijn trouwe makker en  karteer buddy in Cremenés, Cantabrië, Spanje. En Bernkastel-Kues, Eiffel, Duitsland: Willem Vreeburg, R.I.P. 2017.
La Bella Italia, La Dolce Vita

Zes maanden doctoraal veldwerk in Italië, Piemonte, Cottische Alpen, met mijn Citroen 2CV besteleend, trouwe buddy sinds mijn 1ste studiejaar.

Bivakkerend op 2020 m. naast het iconisch berghotel Rifugio Bergeria Selleries. Situato nella conca dell’Alpe nel cuore del Parco Naturale Orsiera Rocciavrè. Met Wilbert en zijn vrouw Josely, gr8 nostalgic times.

Idyllische kampeerplek en geologisch bijzonder interessant studiegebied. Eerst onderdeel van de Ligurische oceaan in het Jura, long ago. Vervolgens high-pressure gedoken onder de Apulische plaat. Daarna gelukkig weer de kop opgestoken. Obducted-educted als dekblad naar zijn huidige de plek. Hunkerend om bestudeerd te worden voor de Leidse Dora Maïra boys.

Vloeiend Italiaans geleerd, certamente, la piu bella lingua nel mondo. Lasting vriendschap gesmeed met Marisa en Silvana van Selleries. Silvana’s zoon is nu asistent professor in Groningen.  Gli amici italiane da sempre, adesso anche in Olanda.

In het nabije gebied karteerden ook trouwe makkers André, Arie en Ray.






I Ragazzi Olandesi, Dora Maïra Boys
Boudinage, Piemonte
Boudinage in Triassic marbles. Cottian Alps, Piemonte, Italy. Excursion June 1973, with prof. dr. Giorgio dal Piaz, Università Torino and prof. dr. Emile den Tex, Leiden. Vlnr. Arie Schaap, André van der Meulen, Marcel Chin-A-Lien, Wilbert Hocks.

Enerverende dolce vita nella bella Italia. Certamente, caríssimi amici, ciao a tutti. Pasta, pizza, vino.

Remembering also the leisure escapes to the Italian Riviera and Monaco.

Wilbert & Josely, you will certainly recall. Barolo, Barbera, Lacrima Cristi wines, you were on honeymoon.

Closing with a round trip, a cultural discovery voyage of northern Italy after fieldwork.

Bergería Selleries, Italia
Rifugio Bergeria Selleries, Fenestrelle, Piemonte, Italia – http://www.rifugioselleries.it
Moving to Venezuela, 1977-1989

Na afstuderen meteen gerold in een interesante baan bij de Geologische Dienst van Venezuela. Goud exploratie in het Precambrisch Schild. Most interesting, wow, hier had ik immers voor gestudeerd.


This decade coincided with the golden oil boom of Venezuela, with Caracas as La Sucursal del Cielo. Similar to the prevailing ambience in A moveable feast in Paris, from Ernest Hemingway, pura fiesta y parrandas.

In 1980 gestapt in de olie, petroleum exploratie en productie in Petróleos de Venezuela met veelbelovende lange termijn carrière perspectieven. 

Een klassiek traject doorlopen, bottoms-up, hands-on across the ranks. Beginnend in iconic Maracaibo basin met E&P field operations, veldwerk, putten boren, olievelden zoeken en ontdekken. Doorstromend naar Research & Development instituut Intevep en hoofdkantoor.

Venezuela, La Sucursal del Cielo

A gifted place, most studied in tedious geology textbooks in Leiden now in my hands and at my footsteps, amazing.

Amazing and gifted indubitably? 6 Miss world, 7 miss universe titles. Precious, fashionable and elegant women, everyday, everywhere, really, unique, wow.

Geluk en succes gehad by contributing to the discovery van 2 giant oil fields.

6 Miljard vaten olie, a whole lot of oil.

More than ever to be found in Holland. Tevens enige landmark petroleum publicaties.


Geluk en succes bovenal gehad met de giant discovery van mijn lieve, lovely en loyale echtgenote. Ontdekt en getrouwd in Caracas.

Ze is van alles voor mij. Esposa, amante, amiga, confidente, moeder en ook kunstschilderes, all-in-1.

Zoonlief heeft gelukkige spaanssprekende kinderjaartjes doorgebracht in Caracas. Vervolgens in NL, altijd blijmoedig en de fortuinlijke winnaar van de Faas Wilkes award als talentvolle voetbal jeugdspeler. Is ook afgestudeerd bij Universiteit Leiden.

De Caracazo, een golf rellen, schietpartijen en bloedbaden in Caracas in februari 1989, was mijn duidelijke alarmbel dat het laatste rondtje was begonnen.

Carajo, time to move on diligently, se termino la fiesta.

Zie 30 jaar later.

De suïcidale afgrond waarin Venezuela zich eigenhandig gestort heeft door corrupte en ontspoorde machtspotentaten. From riches to rags. An emaciated dystopia.

Result ?

Precies als in Cronica de una muerte anunciada, thriller van Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Mijn lievelingschrijver sinds bewoner van Huize Maupertuus, gelegen schuin tegenover het vroegere huis van dichter Piet Paaltjens in Leiden.



Europe and other places, 1990 – Present

Nieuwjaar 1990 Den Haag binnengerold met een pracht baan als chief geologist bij een Amerikaanse oliemaatschappij. Hunt Dynasty familiebedrijf uit Dallas, van biljonairs Herbert, Bunker en zusters.

Petroleum zoeken, produceren, dus make money met technische en business-commercial development expertise, de hele cocktail.

Outperforming major competitors in Dutch North Sea, with hugh gas discoveries in this super mature basin as with iconic G17, the only major stratigraphic trap.

Straightforward, korte, snelle beslissingslijnen.

De afleveringen van Dallas tv soapserie met hoofdrolspeler J.R., gebaseerd op hun olie saga weleens gezien ?

Gelukkig had ik een breed scala aan verantwoordelijkheden met veel autonomie.

Geology & Geophysics offshore taken. Met business-commercial development, merger, acquisitions, new ventures. Zoals in Hongarije, California, Moskou en Siberië tijdens Gorbachov time. Never a quiet or dull moment.

” Upgrade to an allround expert, Herbert informed me “, gevolgd door drie jaar studie, executive business administration, petroleum management en Russisch, bovenop mijn normale werkweek. Dus weer 2 M.Sc. bullen gehaald, nu op mijn 51ste, continual development of knowledge, competencies and skills.

Exciting time with many tales along the road. With the Hunt’s to Moscou and Siberië. Hunting for business in times of communism. 

Anecdotes, beginning in Dallas in their impressive oak boardroom with mahogany oval table and leather chairs in their Thanksgiving Tower skyscraper. And during lunches in elite Dallas Petroleum Club.

Then when Herbert whispered, with a malicious eyewink, “ Indeed, you made sure we get the big bang for our invested bucks “. While toasting Russian style with bottles of wodka at breakfast. Sealing the deal with the board of Tomsk Neft, in Strezhevoy, in the middle of Dostoyevsky’s Siberia.

Hunt Dynasty
Hunt Dynasty: Herbert, Bunker, Lamar and sisters, owners of Placid Oil.
Consultant sinds 2005

Simultaan pensioen en consultancy binnengestapt na 3 decennia iedere dag hard bikkelen. Niet voorgoed de ballen ermee, geen geraniums of zwarte gaten bestuderen, nog niet.

Most happy and free like a bird on a wire.

Great time, alleen uitdagende, succesvol uitvoerbare projecten met een degelijk consultancy contract.

Zoals voor Repsol vanuit head office Madrid, als upstream business development manager, olievelden evalueren en kopen.

Stewardship voor het 2 miljard US$ bod op een West Afrikaans olieveld. En deelname aan een licensing round en NLG project in Nigeria.

Madrid and Spain ?

Excelente sitio, cultuur, gastronomie, mode en uitgaansleven everyday, a big city with a most exiting vibe and appealing life-style.

Tasca’s, restaurants, flamenco, corrida’s de toros, art exhibitions, Real Madrid in Bernabeu met Robben, van Nistelrooy and regularly getting kicked out at closing time in Cafe Bohemio at 04:00 a.m..

Great time.

Certainly with the company’s grand penthouse in the financial district and accompanying executive business credit card, wow, good to have one.

De Madrid para el Cielo.

Suriname, Staatsolie 

Heel offshore onderzocht, gepromoot, petroleum contracten opgesteld en onderhandeld met international oil companies. Dit jaar de 1ste grote offshore discovery met de Maka Central 1 put in blok 58. Wow, de oil boom is begonnen in Suriname.

Bijdrage mogen leveren aan het bepalen van de Extended Continental Shelf grens. Maximum extension possible obtained, from the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, in N.Y..

Staatsrechtelijk uiterst belangrijk historisch moment. Nu zijn al de landsgrenzen immers definitief vastgesteld. Privileged that I could serve Sranankondre, geboorteland van mijn ouders.


Paramaribo, further ?

Vruchtbare tijd op het werk en als mentor, afstudeercommissie lid van mijn thesis studenten op de universiteit, zelf ook veel geleerd. 

Daarnaast chillen, all the time.

Met de talloze vrienden en familieleden van mijn ouders’ kant. Etentje hier, uitstapje daar, feestje hier, toevallig daar.

Super great to have loving, supportive family around. Also Maria painting at Nola Hatterman Art Academy, preparing her exposition Tribute to Suriname and all chilling in Torarica country club.

Ook iedere maand een weekend naar geboorte-eiland Curacao.

Salseros por fin ?

Oiga mi gente, ahora somos salseros. Porque sin salsa no hay paraíso, si señor.

Twee jaar intensieve wekelijkse lessen gevolgd, de salsa & bachata cursussen bij 4 dance academies.  Workshops, oefenen, up to 8 hours weekly.


Damned hard and tedious work for old-timers, in Friolandia, Curaçao en Colombia, meestal met jongeren. 

Now graduated salseros. With lots of shines, smiles and moves at dance parties everywhere. To keep on moving with the thrill of fun.

A bailar se dijo, a mover los pies y las caderas, wow, a gozar mi preciosa mamita.

Listen and enjoy  https://youtu.be/k2wey5o2yBc

Salsa dancing
Salsa and bachata dancing. Photoshoot for GGD, for 1000 Posters for huisartsenposten and ziekenhuizen. Our own contribution to their program called ” Ouderen in Beweging “.



Tribute aan mijn studiegenoten.

Van de allereerste petroleum geoloog, in history, van dushi Curacao. 

You were great study buddies, enjoyed your company, very grateful for that.

Especially Wilbert, André, Jan Willem, trouwe brothers-in crime.

Last but not least, Ray en Willem, both already in Heaven.

Mont Genèvre
Mont Genèvre, France. On the photo, left to right, Arie Schaap, Andre van der Meulen, Marcel Chin-A-Lien, Ray Bergval (R.I.P.). Wilbert Hocks not on the pic as he took it. Taking selfies was not yet invented. drs. Henk Koning not on this pic, still climbing to reach the top.

In winter when things get rough in Fríolandia ?

Liggend onder een wuivende palmboom, in mijn favoriete Pirate Bay Curacao Beach Club, met een Cuba libre longdrink in mijn hand, swingende salsa en sensuele bachata muziek met graciously moving ladies all around.

Zwemmend in de azuurblauwe heldere zee en denkend aan Holland ?


“ …zie ik breede rivieren, traag door oneindig, laagland gaan, rijen ondenkbaar ijle populieren, als hooge pluimen, aan den einder staan, en in de geweldige ruimte verzonken, de boerderijen, verspreid door het land…”

” Flashback 50 Years Search of  Wisdom & Happiness ” 

Life’s been good to me and to us.

Love lots of people. Lots of people love us.

Love is all you need.

We luv you All,

dearest family, mom at 104 years super luminous as ever, cooking daily for us and kicking around, dad & Armand R.I.P., many friends, family all around the world.

Thank’s God.


( What am I living for, Vicky-Anne)

Retrospective when the End comes near

“ And now that the End comes near 

I’ve lived a life that’s full

I’ve traveled each and every highway

But more, much more than this

I did it my way

Regrets, I’ve had a few

But then again, too few to mention

I did it my way “.

I rest my case.
Social Media

EyeEm photo app. Precious 1000+ pictures

Instagram: own precious photos at #mcal2021

Facebook: www.facebook.com/marcelo.paul.56

FB site ” You Know You”ve Lived in Curacao if..”. Most funny conversations and nostalgic musings with pics, with people that have lived on my Rots der Struikeling, Curaçao.

FB site “Maupertuus “.  Mijn oude studentenhuis, Hogewoerd 76, Leiden. Celebration Lustrum XI ” Oudhuisgenotendag “, on 15 September 2019. Next one 2124.

YouTube channel. www.mar-petroleumexploration.com

WhatsApp group ” MIL 1968 Reunie “. Klasgenoten HBS-B, Maria Immaculata Lyceum, Korsow. Last meeting jan. 2020 on Korsow. Next meeting, after Corona.

Further miscellaneous, pendejadas, on

LinkedIn, Twitter and



7 September 2019, 11 a.m.:

50 Jaren later. 

15 Batavieren bovenop een oer-Hollandse terp.

In Schokland, de geometrisch-abstracte-Mondriaanse Noordoostpolder.

Mijmeren, filosoferen over verleden, heden en toekomst ?

” Yesterday is dead and gone and tomorrow is out of sight “, as ever.

Enjoy Today, que esta Vida es Una (1) no mas.

Levensverwachting volgens CBS, voor onze generatie ? 76 Jaartjes, dus niet echt veel over, before getting fossilized…enjoy !


(Yesterday when I was young, Charles Aznavour,


Lijst 22 jaargenoten 1969 en afstudeerrichting
Participanten (15) Reunie 7 september 2019, in Schokland, Noordoostpolder en Urk.
  1. Apon, Willem – Drs. Sedimentologie
  2. Berg, Rick (Perth, Australië) – Drs. Petrologie & Ertsgeologie VU
  3. Bergval, Ray (R.I.P., 2016, Paramaribo, Suriname) – Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU
  4. Chin-A-Lien, Marcel – Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU- Ingeniero Geologo -Executive M.B.A – M.Sc. Petroleum Management
  5. de Jong, Ivan (R.I.P., 2018, Rotterdam) – Drs. Strukturele Geologie
  6. de Nes, Sicco (R.I.P, 2009, Den Haag)- Drs. Sedimentologie
  7. Hallebeek, Hans – Drs. Geologie (Leiden & Barcelona)
  8. Hocks, Wilbert – Petrologie
  9. Krieg, Josje – Migrated to other study
  10. Pronk, Jan Willem – Drs. Sedimentologie
  11. Reijmer, Arthur – Dr. Strukturele Geologie
  12. Schaap, Arie (Perth, Australië)– Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU
  13. Swager, Cees (Perth, Australië) – Dr. Structurele Geologie
  14. van der Marel, Antonie (Bulgarije) – Drs. Stratigrafie
  15. van der Meulen, André – Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU
  16. van der Molen, Ide – Dr. Strukturele Geologie
  17. van Put, Edward – Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU
  18. van Put, Jos -Drs. Petrologie & Ertskunde VU; Mr. Rechten
  19. van Roermund, Herman – Dr. Strukturele Geologie
  20. van Tongeren, Peter – Drs. Stratigrafie
  21. Vlugt, Willem  (Nimes, Frankrijk) – Drs. Sedimentologie
  22. Vreeburg, Willem (R.I.P., 2017, Leiden) – Drs. Sedimentologie

18. Gabriél García Marquez, Última Carta

18. Gabriél García Marquez, Última Carta después de Cien Años de Soledad

Gabriél García Marquez
Gabriél García Marquez

Por aventurarme a leer Cien Años de Soledad quedé atrapado en Cien Años de GaboLectura.

Un peregrinaje con los ojos. Parecido al peregrinaje a Santiago de Compostela desde Roncesvalles ?

Total 127 185 palabras. Nueve horas de lectura, con una velocidad de 250 palabras por minuto. Cien Años de Felicidad.


Contagiado felízmente por la GaboMania ?

Finales años setenta, Lugdunum Batavorum, o sea simplemente Leiden, Holanda. No, librería Kooyker en Breestraat no lo tenía. Amazon.com todavía estaba por ser inventado. Tocó viajar en tren a Amsterdam, librería Atheneum. La primera edición fue en Buenos Aires, 8000 libros en mayo 1967. Conseguí la edición 48, de diciembre 1976, en español. Actualmente ya tiene mas de 100 ediciones, 50 millones vendidos y traducidos en 50 lenguas.

La edición en ruso compré también ?

 En Los Tiempos del Socialismo. En los Tiempos de La Guerra Fría. En los Tiempos de Setenta y Cinco Años Comunismo. CCCP, 8 Novyy Arbat, Moscú 119019, una de sus avenidas icónicas. Kalinin Prospect se llamaba entonces.

Donde Moskovskiy Dom Knigi o Moscow House of Books, la gigantesca y mas famosa librería de Moscú. Un paraíso para bibliófilos. De veras. La mejor librería que había visitado. Sitio oficial donde se podía comprar también auténticos íconos históricos rusos.

Casualidad ?

 Buscando el libro en la descomunal Dom Knigi encontré y conversé con unos estudiantes de Colombia, radicados en Moscú. Ellos me indicaron donde encontrar la edición rusa.

Moscú y Siberia, por negocios petroleros, mayo 1992 ?

Tiempos de Glasnost y Perestroika, La Apertura y la Re-estructuración de Michael Gorbachov. El tan adorado comunismo casi hecho añicos. CCCP en vías de transmutarse al tan detestado capitalismo.

Finales de los setenta GGM se perfilaba firmemente como un importante escritor global. Fue inefugable, tenía que proseguir leyendo todos sus otros libros. Once novelas, doce cuentos y 22 no-ficciones. Mientras se fueran publicando, siempre entre los primeros en comprarlos.

Gratamente me motivó adicionalmente para visitar muchos sitios curiosos cuales fueron inspiración, escenario y el entorno de los relatos de GGM.

Caracas, Cuando era felíz  e indocumentado.

Paris, rue Cujas 16, hôtel de Flandres, ou il écrivit en 1956 ses romans Pas de lettre pour le colonel et La mala hora.

Cartagena, El amor en los tiempos del cólera.

Noreste de Colombia, territorio de numerosos de sus relatos. Valledupar con su Festival de la Leyenda Vallenata. La parranda del siglo, la máxima fiesta de la cultura folclórica popular que se celebra todos los años a finales de abril. Donde se reúnen los mejores compositores e intérpretes de los diferentes aires del vallenato, el merengue, la puya, el paseo y el son.

” Cien años de soledad no es más que un intento por escribir un vallenato de 450 páginas “, 

indicó GGM en una entrevista. Tremendo vallenato es ese, que lo cuenta todo.

La saga de la familia Buendía y el rosario de historias de Macondo eran una forma escrita de contar lo que cantaban los juglares vallenatos al son del acordeón.

” Garcia Marquez elevó el vallenato a las alturas del mito cuando lo incorporó a Cien anos de soledad. Uno de sus entrañables personajes, Aureliano Segundo, se echa a perder por culpa del acordeón. Instrumento que su madre Ursula Iguarán considera propio de los vagabundos herederos de Francisco el Hombre.

Festival Vallenato, Valledupar
Festival Vallenato, Valledupar

Hipnotizado por las parrandas, el trago y las mujeres, abandona su hogar y a su esposa, la cachaca Fernanda del Carpio, y se marcha tras el eco de las cajas y guacharacas “(Daniel Samper Pizano, 17 abril 2014, El Tiempo).

Festival Vallenato, Valledupar
Festival Vallenato, Valledupar

” Caballero, permitame felicitarte “, lo dije durante la tremenda parranda espontánea que se armó en momentos de la cena en nuestro hotel mutuo. “ No soy experto en esta materia, pero simplemente escucho que usted es un acordeonista de clase exceptional.

Claro que si !

Soy el Rey de Reyes del Festival de la Leyenda Vallenata 2006, nos dijo con singular humildad y cortesía. Mucho gusto, un gran placer. Aquí te doy mi tarjeta. Desde ahora ustedes están invitados a todas mis parrandas y actuaciones durante este Festival “.

Hipnotizado por los 7 días de parrandas y por culpa del acordeón yo mismo casi me echo a perder y me marcho tras el eco de las cajas y guacharacas. En aquel imborrable Festival de la Leyenda Vallenata en Valledupar.

El único y primer músico de vallenato cachaco y del interior del país que se ha impuesto en Valledupar. Hoy en día es nuestro entrañable amigo.

Alberto Jamaica Larrota


 Siempre se dijo que cuando GGM era pobre y desconocido, había cantado vallenatos en las calles de Paris. Como recurso para recoger algunos francos en los momentos mas duros de su estancia en Europa. Así lo relata su amigo de siempre Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza.

Atrapado estuve yo también para estudiar libros escritos sobre el y su obra.  Biografías, entrevistas, anécdotas, películas y programas televisivos.

 Aún me toca leer la tesis doctoral de Mario Vargas Llosa, 667 páginas sobre García Márquez: historia de un deicidio. Su amigo con quien tenía una particular amistad ? Hasta aquel gran disgusto en cual terminó para siempre la buena relación con su compadre.

” The infamous incident outside a cinema in Mexico City when MVL punched GGM in the face during their argument about Cuba.”

Cien Años de Soledad - Gabriél García Marquez
Cien Años de Solэdad – Gabriél García Marquez – Mi ejemplar. Esta portada no salió en la primera impresión, sino después en una que se le había comisionado al artista mexicano Vicente Rojo. Era una referencia al juego de dados que se llama ” Macondo “, como el pueblo de “Cien años de soledad”. Al empezar a recibir la edición, muchos libreros comenzaron a quejarse porque una “e” aparecía invertida. “Decían: ‘Me llegó la edición, pero con un problema, es que la ‘e’ está mal impresa”. Varios hasta llegaron a devolver ejemplares. Sin embargo, había sido una decisión de Rojo. Se empezó a vender de una manera que el propio García Márquez no entendía, que nadie entendía. Nota: actualmente la utilización de letras invertidas es muy común, para atraer la atención.

Cuando Garcia Marquez falleció en Ciudad Mexico ?

Este jueves 17 abril 2014 y después estuve en Colombia. Por la cual tuve la espléndida oportunidad y buena suerte de poder seguir durante varios días una extensa serie de programas, entrevistas, anécdotas inéditas hasta este momento y actos conmemorativas en la television, radio y prensa escrita. Pude palpar la influencia masiva que el tuvo en su país natal.

Fascinación por el realismo mágico de Gabriél García Marquez, tal como tantos otros 50 millones de lectores.

” The last days of Gabriel Garcia Marquez “ (May 31, 2021):

The last days of Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Lo siguiente aparentemente es la última carta de Gabriel García Márquez, escrito para todos sus amigos.

La Ultima Carta

Cuando Gabriel García Márquez se retira de la vida pública por padecer cáncer linfático, envió una carta de despedida a sus amigos, y gracias a internet está siendo difundida.

Es verdaderamente conmovedora; está escrita por él; uno de los latinoamericanos más brillantes de los últimos tiempos.

Dice así:

“ Si por un instante Dios se olvidara de que soy una marioneta de trapo y me regalara un trozo de vida, aprovecharía ese tiempo lo más que pudiera, posiblemente no diría todo lo que pienso, pero en definitiva pensaría todo lo que digo.

Daría valor a las cosas, no por lo que valen, sino por lo que significan.

Dormiría poco, soñaría más, entiendo que por cada minuto que cerramos los ojos, perdemos sesenta segundos de luz.

Andaría cuando los demás se detienen, despertaría cuando los demás duermen.

Si Dios me obsequiara un trozo de vida, vestiría sencillo, me tiraría de bruces al sol, dejando descubierto, no solamente mi cuerpo, sino mi alma.

A los hombres les probaría cuán equivocados están al pensar que dejan de enamorarse cuando envejecen, sin saber que envejecen cuando dejan de enamorarse.

A un niño le daría alas, pero le dejaría que él sólo aprendiese a volar.

A los viejos les enseñaría que la muerte no llega con la vejez, sino con el olvido.

Tantas cosas he aprendido de ustedes, los hombres…. 

He aprendido que todo el mundo quiere vivir en la cima de la montaña, sin saber que la verdadera felicidad está en la forma de subirla escarpada.

Me apartaría de los necios, los habladores, de las gentes con malas costumbres y actitudes.

Sería siempre honesto y mantendría llenas de amor y de atenciones a las personas a mi alrededor, siempre trataría de dar lo mejor…

He aprendido que cuando un recién nacido aprieta con su pequeño puño, por primera vez, el dedo de su padre, lo tiene atrapado por siempre.

He aprendido que un hombre sólo tiene derecho a mirar a otro hacia abajo, cuando ha de ayudarle a levantarse.

Son tantas cosas las que he podido aprender de ustedes, pero realmente de mucho no habrá de servir, porque cuando me guarden dentro de esa maleta, infelizmente me estaré muriendo.

Trata de decir siempre lo que sientes y haz siempre lo que piensas en lo más profundo de tu corazón.

Si supiera que hoy fuera la última vez que te voy a ver dormir, te abrazaría fuertemente y rezaría al Señor para poder ser el guardián de tu alma.

Si supiera que estos son los últimos minutos que te veo, te diría “Te Quiero” y no asumiría, tontamente, que ya lo sabes.

Siempre hay un mañana y la vida nos da siempre otra oportunidad para hacer las cosas bien, pero por si me equivoco y hoy es todo lo que nos queda, me gustaría decirte cuánto te quiero, que nunca te olvidaré.

El mañana no le está asegurado a nadie, joven o viejo. 

Hoy puede ser la última vez que veas a los que amas. 

Por eso no esperes más, hazlo hoy, ya que si mañana nunca llega, seguramente lamentarás el día que no tomaste tiempo para una sonrisa, un abrazo, un beso y que estuviste muy ocupado para concederles un último deseo.

Mantén a los que amas cerca de ti, diles al oído lo mucho que los necesitas, quiérelos y trátalos bien, toma tiempo para decirles, “lo siento”, “perdóname”, “por favor” , “gracias” y todas las palabras de amor que conoces.

Nadie te recordará por tus nobles pensamientos secretos. Pide al Señor la fuerza y sabiduría para expresarlos.

Finalmente, demuestra a tus amigos y seres queridos cuánto te importan.

*Gabriel García Márquez* “,

Pásalo a quién te importe, si no mañana será igual que ayer y les habrás privado de leer este texto lleno de sabiduría.

Dos canciones sobre Macondo:




19. Amsterdam Vineyard

19. Amsterdam Vineyard

Vineyards, wine makers?

France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Argentina, Chile, California etc.?


Amsterdam, near Schiphol airport.

Amsteltuin Vineyard, the best kept secret of Amsterdam,

PGK (Petroleum Geologische Kring, The Hague, the Netherlands) 40th  birthday was celebrated with a splendid summer excursion and appropriate educative oenology meeting, august 2018.

I wish to share a few of my notes, musings and pictures with you.

As a geologist it is of course about the geology and terroir of this area, and its relationship with the wines here produced.

Amsteltuin Vineyard has some 3500 grape vines, allowing for about 4000 bottles of different (4), excellent, mainly white wines. More information can be found on their site below indicated.

The  Netherlands has some 40 vineyards and wine makers that produce about 1 million bottles of good quality wine.

Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Located near Amsterdam, Amstelveen and Schiphol airport. In a Dutch polder (Bovenkerkerpolder).
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Entrance.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – 4 excellent wines
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Petroleum Geologische Kring – Anniversary 40 years (1978 – 2018)- August 2018 – Geology and Wine, presentation by dr. Anko Lankreijer (not on the picture) of Amsterdam Geology College.
Geology Vinyard Surroundings
Geology de Amstel Vineyard Surroundings (based on data from Vos, 2015) -Location, Bovenkerkerpolder, south of Amsterdam, Amstelveen, in NE map quadrant. Dark brown stands for moss peat (mosveen). The upper layer consisted mainly of peat (Holland Veen). Much of the peat has been removed and mined for heating of the houses, in the last centuries.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Located in a typical Dutch ” polder “. At circa 6-7 meters below sealevel. Near the Amstelriver, protected by the Amsteldijk Zuid, an iconic Dutch dike.
Geology Vinyard Surroundings
Geology de Amsteltuin Vineyard Surroundings, Bovenkerkerpolder – In Dutch – Pleistocene and Holocene geology of the surrounding area.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin
Terroir Vinyard Amstelland
Terroir Vineyard de Amsteltuin, Bovenkerkerpolder, Cross-section. The surface and shallow subsurface consists of Holocene sediments (11.700 B.C – present day). Made up of salty sands, clays (Calais Formation) overlain by peat (Holland Veen). The sands and clays belong to the marine, transgressive, Calais formation that is about 5 meters thick.  Calais deposition ended 1800 B.C. From then on formation and deposition of the peat (Holland Veen) began. Most of it has been mined and removed such as for heating of the houses. Presence of “ sedimentary  “ peat as part of the terroir is rather unique. On a list of 45 vineyard soil types (Sotheby Wine Encyclopedia 2015) I have not encountered any original peat influenced/dominated terroir, as Amstelland Vineyard. Any wine connoisseur around that can explain the specific influence of the peat? If any? How to recognize its input as well as those of the marine salty sands and clays on the smell, aroma, perfume and bouquet of these typical Dutch wines ? Many thanks in advance. FYI: Lignite (intermediate between peat and coal) is used, but as a fertilizer in Germany and in the Champagne.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – The ripening grapes wrapped and protected by a plastic mesh curtain.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Beautiful Dutch roses that accompany the grape vines.
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin – Excellent white Souvignier Adriana wine. – Made from the Souvignier Gris (80%) and Johanniter grapes – The name of the wine comes from the last farm on this location: Adriana Hoeve. How does the peat in the terroir influence and determine the specific taste of Souvignier Adriana ? Any connoisseur around that can answer this (sub)surface question?
Vinyard De Amsteltuin
Vineyard de Amsteltuin- Circa 6-7 meters below sealevel – Probaby one the lowest vinyards and wine cellar in the world – Fermentation vessels.

Please visit their website. For a description of the really excellent wine that they produce and that we tasted and discussed during our meeting.

Though The Netherlands is not (yet) known as a wine producer. Dutchies do produce a few really excellent wines that already have reached an international standard and high level (…similar to their soccer players and trainers, e.g.).

Website de Amsteltuin http://amsterdamwine.nl

Cheers, Proost !

Questions and Musings.

  1. Vineyard de Amsteltuin has a unique vineyard geology (bedrock and overlying soils). Geology determines some of the physical parameters that affect vine performance. That could help to explain the typicity of the wines. The Amsteltuin terroir is different from most other wine producing areas in the world. In the first place because it contains peat as a natural surface, soil and shallow subsurface constituent. It is virtually flat, horizontal and located at some 6 meters below sealevel, in a typical Dutch polder. As such water is always available in the Amsteltuin vineyard substrate. The water level and drainage is strictly and splendidly regulated by the water management system of the polder (Regional Water and Polder Authority).
  2. How does the peat in the terroir influence and determine the specific taste of Souvignier Adriana ? Any wine connoisseur around that can answer this complex and highly sophisticated (sub)surface and oenological question?
  3. Or ?

    ” Finally, the notion of being able to actually taste the vineyard geology in the wine – a goût de terroir – arises partly through various misunderstandings of geological terminology and, presumably, through the sheer romance of the idea. Certainly the vision makes good journalistic copy, and is manifestly a powerful marketing tactic, geology being one of the few factors involved in wine production that cannot be translocated or easily replicated elsewhere. However, the proposition is wholly fanciful for a number of reasons and in any literal way is scientifically impossible.” Alex Maltman, 2017.

  4. Or?                                                                                                                                                The geology of wine is important to the wine-maker, but of very little importance to the drinker. However, a geologist with an interest in wine is almost inevitably going to take more than a passing interest in what lies beneath vineyards. This may have resulted in the importance of the geology being over-rated. Many wine writers who are not geologists have dutifully described the geology associated with particular wine regions without actually stating how the geology is important. Jake Hancock was quick to realize that a lot of what is written about geology in wine books is at best misguided and at worst utterly wrong, and set about putting this to rights at every opportunity. Vines derive most of their nourishment from a depth extending down to 0.6 m, but will, most of the time, rely on water from down as far as 2 m for transpiration. Only during periods of drought will they draw significant water from >2 m. Clearly then, in areas where there is a deep cover of drift or a deep soil horizon, geological influence on vines will be minimal. Even where the soil is thin, geology will, in many areas where vines are grown, only control the quality of the grapes indirectly through influence on soil composition, geomorphology and water retention. These factors will be examined, together with examples of instances where geology does have a direct influence on wine quality.
    (PDF) Geology and wine: A review. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248606244_Geology_and_wine_A_review [accessed Sep 01 2018].
  5. But? ” It is for the most part less contentious to speak of terroir when we talk about peat. Anyone who drinks Scotch whisky will likely be familiar with peat; that earthy-smoky flavour present in many whiskies (Islay in particular) that is acquired when the germinating barley is dried over a fire fuelled by this source.Fewer will be aware of exactly what this material is.  Peat is a built up mixture of partially decayed vegetation and organic matter formed in wetlands where the obstructed flow of oxygen slows the rate of decomposition. Peat is essentially formed from whatever vegetation grows in a particular area, meaning peat bogs in different regions will be composed from different material, and hence it is feasible that the smoke produced from its burning will be chemically distinct (and more relevant for the whisky lover will produce different aromas).
  6. Geology and wine: A review, by Jennifer Huggett, May 2006, Petroclays Ltd.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248606244_Geology_and_wine_A_review

  7. Terroir. The Role of Geology, Climate, and Culture in the Making of French Wines, by James E. Wilson, 1998, 336 pp.
  8. The Role of Vineyard Geology in Wine Typicity.
    by Alex Maltman, August 13, 2017, online. Also in Journal of Wine Research, Vol. 19, 2018. Issue 1.
    Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences University of Wales Aberystwyth, Wales SY23 3EE, U.K.  https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/10186119.pdf
  9. Geographical location and history of Bovenkerkerpolder where Vineyard de Amsteltuin is located (from Wikipedia): 
  10. Bovenkerkerpolder is een polder in en ten zuiden van Amstelveen en ten oosten van Bovenkerk. In het noorden grenst het gebied aan de Middelpolder en in het oosten aan de Amstel. Het noordelijke deel van de polder is bebouwd. In het zuidelijk deel van de polder, tussen de Nesserlaan en de Hollandse Dijk, wordt de grond agrarisch gebruikt op de oude kavels uit 1760.
  11. Geschiedenis. Tot 1639 werd er turf gestoken in de polder en ontstond er een waterplas tussen de Bovenkerkerweg (west) en de Amsteldijk (oost). Later vormde het water een bedreiging voor Amstelveen en Amsterdam. Daarom werd op 7 september 1764 door de Staten van Holland en West-Friesland octrooi verleend voor het verder uitvenen en droogmaken van de plas. Het droogmaken gebeurde door elf molens. Uiteindelijk viel de polder in 1769 droog.
  12. Location map De Amsteltuin vinyard
    Location map De Amsteltuin vineyard (indicated as/address Langs de Akker 5 – Wijngaarde) – east of Schiphol airport, south of Amsterdam and in Amstelveen.

    Bovenkerkerpolder - Amsteltuin vinyard
    Bovenkerkerpolder -Map of 1901 by W.H. Hoekwater –  Location of Amsteltuin vineyard



19. Climate and Sea level Changes

Nederland - 5500 B.C.
Nederland – 5500 B.C.
Nederland -1950
Nederland -1950

19. Climate and Sea level Changes

Linkedin post 15 August 2018



Climate & Sea level Changes, The Netherlands.

1) 5500 BC:

(map from Ph.D. thesis dr. P. Vos, 2015).

” Pre-Hydrocarbon burning & CO2 emission time “.


Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague? Still under construction by Mother Nature, in-statu-nascendi, being deposited and molded by mother Nature.

Laying, within others, the foundations for their most prosperous Future-17th Century- Golden Age-2-come.

Having to wait another 2000 years for the wheel to be invented, in Mesopotamia (=Iraq, Syria, Turkey).

2) Present:

Most happy,

” Syn-Hydrocarbon burning & CO2 emission time “.

Burned / produced 2000 billion Nm3 gas @2015, from Groningen super giant gas field?

= How many billion m3, CO2 emission?

Though, most fortunately,

€ 211 billion = Gas, State Share/Income @2010 (Anniversary 50 Groningen field).

Faites vos jeux, Mesdames et Messieurs.

Pre-, Syn-, or Post- ?


” Yesterday is dead and gone

And tomorrow’s out of sight.

Help Me Make It Through The Night “.


17. Baseball Curaçao

17. Baseball Curaçao


Baseball World Series Champions, of 2018 Senior League.
By Team Pariba from Curaçao, Little League.
Curacao in 2008 also won the Junior League World Series.

Furher, 10 best MLB players (out of 22+) from Curaçao, Aruba:

Hensley Meulens (bench/coach SF Giants),

Andrew Jones (Hall of Fame, Atlanta Braves 2016; youngest with home run in post season, 1996; youngest with 2 consecutive homeruns in very first 2 times at bat in World Series 1996),

Curaçao - Baseball 2018
Curaçao – Baseball 2018

Didi Gregorius (SS@NYY, replaced successfully legendary Derek Jeter),
Andrelton Simmons (SS; in first 3 years, already averaged Ozzie Smith, dWar defensive saber-metrics, best SS ever in ML),
Xander Bogaerts,
Kenley Jansen,
Jonathan Schoop,
Ozzie Albies etc.

Aruba, Curaçao Hotspot baseball talents?
Highest World Percentage score: Number-of-MLB-players/Population.
Higher than USA and surrounding really big baseball countries as Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo.

World Baseball Classics 2013 & 2017, 28 countries?
Team Netherlands (mainly players Curaçao, Aruba) won most of the big baseball brothers, blasted Cuba (…14-1 @7 innings).
Reaching semi-finals both times.

16. Red Beach

16. Red Beach


Discover? Red Beach in Îles de Groix, France.

Red Beach - Îles de Groix
Red Beach – Îles de Groix

A stunning beach and most interesting Hercynian belt, geological area (Bretagne & Normandy) that we fully enjoyed during our fieldwork.
(Long ago. Bretagne-Normandy excursion with prof. dr. E. den Tex, drs. H. Koning and André, Ray, Wilbert, Arie. Géologie, gastronomie, œnologie. Et menhirs, dolmen, cairn, cromlech…. le patrimoine néolithique de Carnac en Bretagne).


Mn and Mg-rich garnets: HP/HT (18 kbar/450 *C).
A garnet isograd, trending NNE–SSW, divides the island into two parts: with and without garnet to the east and west, respectively.
In the eastern part, P and T conditions are estimated as 16–18 kbar and 450 C from Mn and Mg-rich garnets.

Kinematic records of subduction and exhumation in the Ile de Groix blueschists (Hercynian belt; Western France)
Melody Philippon*, Jean Pierre Brun, Fre ́de ́ric Gueydan Ge ́osciences Rennes UMR 6118 CNRS, Universite ́ de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France;
Journal of Structural Geology 31 (2009) 1308–1321

Pls. visit if you have (make) the opportunity.
The ferry boats leave from the city of Lorient. Compagnie Océane, Gare maritime de Lorient (ferry terminal), 2, rue Gilles Gahinet – 56100 Lorient.

Sun bathing on HP/HT red garnets, dans la Douce France, mais oui, oui, certainement, bien sûr.
Bonne visite !