7. Historia de Nueva – España – Hernán Cortés

7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz

7. Historia de Nueva – España – Hernán Cortés – V060917

Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Hernan Cortes
  3. Libro, Historia de Nueva – Espana, por Hernan Cortes; edición publicado en 1770.

1) Introduction

Geschiedenis van Amerika, I and II. By Prof. Dr. C. Goslinga, Drs. C. van Noort, H.E. Sjak Shie.

One of my history books on HBS-B, Maria Immaculate Lyceum, Curacao, in the sixties.

Mister Herman Sjak Shie, one of the authors of the textbook was my history teacher. Always very enthusiastic, explaining the historical context. Such as when talking about Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) the conquerer of Mexico.

Mr. Sjak  Shie could present historical subjects in a most interesting way. I can still hear his clear voice and remember the black-white picture of Cortes in the textbook. Even in the afternoon, at the end of the school day, in the hot tropics and without air conditioning.

Amazing, nowadays accessible and available to read, all for free, on your own PC, tablet or smartphone. The original historical manuscript of 553 pages. This edition published 1770 and perfectly legible.

En general es la historia de la Conquista, de guerra y de invasion en Mexico. De como los Espanoles conquistaron y sometieron a fuerza de armamentos, a Mexico y a su poblacion y cultura india.

(http://bdh-rd.bne.es/viewer.vm?id=0000012786&page=1).

These are a few of the pages and pictures that called my attention. Questions that I had assembled since long ago? While scrolling through the digital book, a lot of answers. A digital exploration and discovery voyage, such as:

The original map of La Nueva Espana, with a description of the route of his voyage on land, from coastal Vera Cruz to Mexico.

The Mexican calendar, somewhat different from the European. With 18 month’s in a year. The names of the months’s and the names of the days of each month.

” Quimichoccan: Ratones por todas partes, o por todo el rededor “, p.36.

” esta los vestigios , o los senales de los Pueblos que quemo Cortes …. p.37″.

” se dejo caer por entre los dos Volcanes a Chalco, Cuitláhuac (hoy Tláhuac) e Iztapalapa, Ciudades situadas en la Laguna, y desde esta ultima hizo su primera entrada en Mexico, donde fue recibido de Pa, y con toda magnificencia. p. 39″.

” volvió a Mexico, donde hallo revueltos los humores de los Mexicanos, que ocasionaron la muerte de su Emperador, y Monarca Muteczuma, y obligaron a Hernan Cortes a resolver su salida de noche, que aun se conoce por la noche triste, por las funestas consecuencias y trabajos que padecieron los Espanoles…p.40, 41 “.

‘ Papel en que escribian. ..se hacia de las Pencas de el Maguei. o Pita, que llaman en Espana: las echaban a podrid en Agua, lababan el hilo de ellas, ablandado le estendian para componer su Papel gruesso, que después brunian para pintar en el, p.55″.

‘ Carta de relación embijada a su Sacra Majestad del Emperador nuestro Señor, por el capitán general de la N.Espana.llamado D. Fernando Cortes. En la cual hace relación de las tierras…(2)…de la cual Ciudad, y Provincia es Rey un grandísimo Señor llamado Muteczuma…(4) del dicho Muteczuma, y de sus ritos, y ceremonias, y de como se sirve…p. 85″.

Etc. etc. etc.

Please join and enjoy ???

2) Hernan Cortes

(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hernán_Cortés)

Hernán Cortés - MCAL
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Hernán Cortés – MCAL

This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Cortés de Monroy and the second or maternal family name is Pizarro.

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca ; 1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers who began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

Born in Medellín, Spain, to a family of lesser nobility, Cortés chose to pursue a livelihood in the New World. He went to Hispaniola and later to Cuba, where he received an encomienda and, for a short time, became alcalde (magistrate) of the second Spanish town founded on the island. In 1519, he was elected captain of the third expedition to the mainland, an expedition which he partly funded. His enmity with the Governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, resulted in the recall of the expedition at the last moment, an order which Cortés ignored.

Arriving on the continent, Cortés executed a successful strategy of allying with some indigenous people against others. He also used a native woman, Doña Marina, as an interpreter; she would later give birth to his first son. When the Governor of Cuba sent emissaries to arrest Cortés, he fought them and won, using the extra troops as reinforcements. Cortés wrote letters directly to the king asking to be acknowledged for his successes instead of being punished for mutiny. After he overthrew the Aztec Empire, Cortés was awarded the title of Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, while the more prestigious title of Viceroy was given to a high-ranking nobleman, Antonio de Mendoza. In 1541 Cortés returned to Spain, where he died peacefully but embittered, six years later.

Because of the controversial undertakings of Cortés and the scarcity of reliable sources of information about him, it has become difficult to assert anything definitive about his personality and motivations. Early lionizing of the conquistadors did not encourage deep examination of Cortés. Later reconsideration of the conquistadors’ character in the context of modern anti-colonial sentiment also did little to expand understanding of Cortés as an individual. As a result of these historical trends, descriptions of Cortés tend to be simplistic, and either damning or idealizing.

3) Libro, Historia de Nueva – Espana, por Hernan Cortes; edición publicado 1770.

(http://bdh-rd.bne.es/viewer.vm?id=0000012786&page=1).

Historia Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz – MCAL

Contenido - Libro Hernan Cortes - MCAL
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Contenido – Libro Hernan Cortes – MCAL
7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz
7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz

7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz

7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz
Cortés invasion route from Vera Cruz to Tenochtitlan - MCAL
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Cortés invasion route from Vera Cruz to Tenochtitlan – MCAL
7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz
7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz
7. Historia de Nueva España - Hernán Cortéz
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7. Historia de Nueva España – Hernán Cortéz
Mexico - MCAL
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Mexico – MCAL
Mexico - Hernan Cortes - MCAL
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Mexico – Hernan Cortes – MCAL
Mexico - Muctezuma - MCAL
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Mexico – Muctezuma – MCAL
Mexico - Muctezuma - MCAL
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Mexico – Muctezuma – MCAL

 

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